lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2022]   [Jul]   [28]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v11 1/8] mm/demotion: Add support for explicit memory tiers
Date
In the current kernel, memory tiers are defined implicitly via a demotion path
relationship between NUMA nodes, which is created during the kernel
initialization and updated when a NUMA node is hot-added or hot-removed. The
current implementation puts all nodes with CPU into the highest tier, and builds
the tier hierarchy tier-by-tier by establishing the per-node demotion targets
based on the distances between nodes.

This current memory tier kernel implementation needs to be improved for several
important use cases,

The current tier initialization code always initializes each memory-only NUMA
node into a lower tier. But a memory-only NUMA node may have a high performance
memory device (e.g. a DRAM-backed memory-only node on a virtual machine) that
should be put into a higher tier.

The current tier hierarchy always puts CPU nodes into the top tier. But on a
system with HBM or GPU devices, the memory-only NUMA nodes mapping these devices
should be in the top tier, and DRAM nodes with CPUs are better to be placed into
the next lower tier.

With current kernel higher tier node can only be demoted to nodes with shortest
distance on the next lower tier as defined by the demotion path, not any other
node from any lower tier. This strict, demotion order does not work in all use
cases (e.g. some use cases may want to allow cross-socket demotion to another
node in the same demotion tier as a fallback when the preferred demotion node is
out of space), This demotion order is also inconsistent with the page allocation
fallback order when all the nodes in a higher tier are out of space: The page
allocation can fall back to any node from any lower tier, whereas the demotion
order doesn't allow that.

This patch series address the above by defining memory tiers explicitly.

Linux kernel presents memory devices as NUMA nodes and each memory device is of
a specific type. The memory type of a device is represented by its abstract
distance. A memory tier corresponds to a range of abstract distance. This allows
for classifying memory devices with a specific performance range into a memory
tier.

This patch configures the range/chunk size to be 128. The default DRAM
abstract distance is 512. We can have 4 memory tiers below the default DRAM
abstract distance which cover the range 0 - 127, 127 - 255, 256- 383, 384 - 511.
Slower memory devices like persistent memory will have abstract distance below
the default DRAM level and hence will be placed in these 4 lower tiers.

A kernel parameter is provided to override the default memory tier.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/CAAPL-u9Wv+nH1VOZTj=9p9S70Y3Qz3+63EkqncRDdHfubsrjfw@mail.gmail.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/7b72ccf4-f4ae-cb4e-f411-74d055482026@linux.ibm.com

Signed-off-by: Jagdish Gediya <jvgediya@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
---
include/linux/memory-tiers.h | 17 ++++++
mm/Makefile | 1 +
mm/memory-tiers.c | 102 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 120 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/memory-tiers.h
create mode 100644 mm/memory-tiers.c

diff --git a/include/linux/memory-tiers.h b/include/linux/memory-tiers.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8d7884b7a3f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/memory-tiers.h
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _LINUX_MEMORY_TIERS_H
+#define _LINUX_MEMORY_TIERS_H
+
+/*
+ * Each tier cover a abstrace distance chunk size of 128
+ */
+#define MEMTIER_CHUNK_BITS 7
+#define MEMTIER_CHUNK_SIZE (1 << MEMTIER_CHUNK_BITS)
+/*
+ * For now let's have 4 memory tier below default DRAM tier.
+ */
+#define MEMTIER_ADISTANCE_DRAM (1 << (MEMTIER_CHUNK_BITS + 2))
+/* leave one tier below this slow pmem */
+#define MEMTIER_ADISTANCE_PMEM (1 << MEMTIER_CHUNK_BITS)
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_MEMORY_TIERS_H */
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 6f9ffa968a1a..d30acebc2164 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KFENCE) += kfence/
obj-$(CONFIG_FAILSLAB) += failslab.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MEMTEST) += memtest.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MIGRATION) += migrate.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA) += memory-tiers.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEVICE_MIGRATION) += migrate_device.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) += huge_memory.o khugepaged.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_COUNTER) += page_counter.o
diff --git a/mm/memory-tiers.c b/mm/memory-tiers.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..01cfd514c192
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/memory-tiers.c
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/nodemask.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/lockdep.h>
+#include <linux/memory-tiers.h>
+
+struct memory_tier {
+ /* hierarchy of memory tiers */
+ struct list_head list;
+ /* list of all memory types part of this tier */
+ struct list_head memory_types;
+ /*
+ * start value of abstract distance. memory tier maps
+ * an abstract distance range,
+ * adistance_start .. adistance_start + MEMTIER_CHUNK_SIZE
+ */
+ int adistance_start;
+};
+
+struct memory_dev_type {
+ /* list of memory types that are are part of same tier as this type */
+ struct list_head tier_sibiling;
+ /* abstract distance for this specific memory type */
+ int adistance;
+ /* Nodes of same abstract distance */
+ nodemask_t nodes;
+ struct memory_tier *memtier;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(memory_tier_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(memory_tiers);
+struct memory_dev_type *node_memory_types[MAX_NUMNODES];
+/*
+ * For now let's have 4 memory tier below default DRAM tier.
+ */
+static struct memory_dev_type default_dram_type = {
+ .adistance = MEMTIER_ADISTANCE_DRAM,
+ .tier_sibiling = LIST_HEAD_INIT(default_dram_type.tier_sibiling),
+};
+
+static struct memory_tier *find_create_memory_tier(struct memory_dev_type *memtype)
+{
+ bool found_slot = false;
+ struct memory_tier *memtier, *new_memtier;
+ int adistance = memtype->adistance;
+ unsigned int memtier_adistance_chunk_size = MEMTIER_CHUNK_SIZE;
+
+ lockdep_assert_held_once(&memory_tier_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * If the memtype is already part of a memory tier,
+ * just return that.
+ */
+ if (memtype->memtier)
+ return memtype->memtier;
+
+ adistance = round_down(adistance, memtier_adistance_chunk_size);
+ list_for_each_entry(memtier, &memory_tiers, list) {
+ if (adistance == memtier->adistance_start) {
+ memtype->memtier = memtier;
+ list_add(&memtype->tier_sibiling, &memtier->memory_types);
+ return memtier;
+ } else if (adistance < memtier->adistance_start) {
+ found_slot = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ new_memtier = kzalloc(sizeof(struct memory_tier), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new_memtier)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ new_memtier->adistance_start = adistance;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_memtier->list);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_memtier->memory_types);
+ if (found_slot)
+ list_add_tail(&new_memtier->list, &memtier->list);
+ else
+ list_add_tail(&new_memtier->list, &memory_tiers);
+ memtype->memtier = new_memtier;
+ list_add(&memtype->tier_sibiling, &new_memtier->memory_types);
+ return new_memtier;
+}
+
+static int __init memory_tier_init(void)
+{
+ struct memory_tier *memtier;
+
+ mutex_lock(&memory_tier_lock);
+ /* CPU only nodes are not part of memory tiers. */
+ default_dram_type.nodes = node_states[N_MEMORY];
+
+ memtier = find_create_memory_tier(&default_dram_type);
+ if (IS_ERR(memtier))
+ panic("%s() failed to register memory tier: %ld\n",
+ __func__, PTR_ERR(memtier));
+ mutex_unlock(&memory_tier_lock);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+subsys_initcall(memory_tier_init);
--
2.37.1
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2022-07-28 21:07    [W:0.239 / U:2.000 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site