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Subject[PATCH v5 0/5] vfio/pci: power management changes
Date
This is part 2 for the vfio-pci driver power management support.
Part 1 of this patch series was related to adding D3cold support
when there is no user of the VFIO device and has already merged in the
mainline kernel. If we enable the runtime power management for
vfio-pci device in the guest OS, then the device is being runtime
suspended (for linux guest OS) and the PCI device will be put into
D3hot state (in function vfio_pm_config_write()). If the D3cold
state can be used instead of D3hot, then it will help in saving
maximum power. The D3cold state can't be possible with native
PCI PM. It requires interaction with platform firmware which is
system-specific. To go into low power states (Including D3cold),
the runtime PM framework can be used which internally interacts
with PCI and platform firmware and puts the device into the
lowest possible D-States.

This patch series adds the support to engage runtime power management
initiated by the user. Since D3cold state can't be achieved by writing
PCI standard PM config registers, so new device features have been
added in DEVICE_FEATURE IOCTL for low power entry and exit related
handling. For the PCI device, this low power state will be D3cold
(if the platform supports the D3cold state). The hypervisors can implement
virtual ACPI methods to make the integration with guest OS.
For example, in guest Linux OS if PCI device ACPI node has
_PR3 and _PR0 power resources with _ON/_OFF method, then guest
Linux OS makes the _OFF call during D3cold transition and
then _ON during D0 transition. The hypervisor can tap these virtual
ACPI calls and then do the low power related IOCTL.

The entry device feature has two variants. These two variants are mainly
to support the different behaviour for the low power entry.
If there is any access for the VFIO device on the host side, then the
device will be moved out of the low power state without the user's
guest driver involvement. Some devices (for example NVIDIA VGA or
3D controller) require the user's guest driver involvement for
each low-power entry. In the first variant, the host can move the
device into low power without any guest driver involvement while
in the second variant, the host will send a notification to user
through eventfd and then user guest driver needs to move the device
into low power. The hypervisor can implement the virtual PME
support to notify the guest OS. Please refer
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220701110814.7310-7-abhsahu@nvidia.com/
where initially this virtual PME was implemented in the vfio-pci driver
itself, but later-on, it has been decided that hypervisor can implement
this.

* Changes in v5

- Rebased patches on https://github.com/awilliam/linux-vfio/tree/next.
- Implemented 3 separate device features for the low power entry and exit.
- Dropped virtual PME patch.
- Removed the special handling for power management related device feature
and now all the ioctls will be wrapped under pm_runtime_get/put.
- Refactored code around low power entry and exit.
- Removed all the policy related code and same can be implemented in the
userspace.
- Renamed 'intx_masked' to 'masked_changed' and updated function comment.
- Changed the order of patches.

* Changes in v4
(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220701110814.7310-1-abhsahu@nvidia.com/)

- Rebased patches on v5.19-rc4.
- Added virtual PME support.
- Used flags for low power entry and exit instead of explicit variable.
- Add the support to keep NVIDIA display related controllers in active
state if there is any activity on the host side.
- Add a flag that can be set by the user to keep the device in the active
state if there is any activity on the host side.
- Split the D3cold patch into smaller patches.
- Kept the runtime PM usage count incremented for all the IOCTL
(except power management IOCTL) and all the PCI region access.
- Masked the runtime errors behind -EIO.
- Refactored logic in runtime suspend/resume routine and for power
management device feature IOCTL.
- Add helper function for pm_runtime_put() also in the
drivers/vfio/vfio.c and use the 'struct vfio_device' for the
function parameter.
- Removed the requirement to move the device into D3hot before calling
low power entry.
- Renamed power management related new members in the structure.
- Used 'pm_runtime_engaged' check in __vfio_pci_memory_enabled().

* Changes in v3
(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220425092615.10133-1-abhsahu@nvidia.com)

- Rebased patches on v5.18-rc3.
- Marked this series as PATCH instead of RFC.
- Addressed the review comments given in v2.
- Removed the limitation to keep device in D0 state if there is any
access from host side. This is specific to NVIDIA use case and
will be handled separately.
- Used the existing DEVICE_FEATURE IOCTL itself instead of adding new
IOCTL for power management.
- Removed all custom code related with power management in runtime
suspend/resume callbacks and IOCTL handling. Now, the callbacks
contain code related with INTx handling and few other stuffs and
all the PCI state and platform PM handling will be done by PCI core
functions itself.
- Add the support of wake-up in main vfio layer itself since now we have
more vfio/pci based drivers.
- Instead of assigning the 'struct dev_pm_ops' in individual parent
driver, now the vfio_pci_core tself assigns the 'struct dev_pm_ops'.
- Added handling of power management around SR-IOV handling.
- Moved the setting of drvdata in a separate patch.
- Masked INTx before during runtime suspended state.
- Changed the order of patches so that Fix related things are at beginning
of this patch series.
- Removed storing the power state locally and used one new boolean to
track the d3 (D3cold and D3hot) power state
- Removed check for IO access in D3 power state.
- Used another helper function vfio_lock_and_set_power_state() instead
of touching vfio_pci_set_power_state().
- Considered the fixes made in
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220217122107.22434-1-abhsahu@nvidia.com
and updated the patches accordingly.

* Changes in v2
(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20220124181726.19174-1-abhsahu@nvidia.com)

- Rebased patches on v5.17-rc1.
- Included the patch to handle BAR access in D3cold.
- Included the patch to fix memory leak.
- Made a separate IOCTL that can be used to change the power state from
D3hot to D3cold and D3cold to D0.
- Addressed the review comments given in v1.

* v1
(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20211115133640.2231-1-abhsahu@nvidia.com)

Abhishek Sahu (5):
vfio: Add the device features for the low power entry and exit
vfio: Increment the runtime PM usage count during IOCTL call
vfio/pci: Mask INTx during runtime suspend
vfio/pci: Implement VFIO_DEVICE_FEATURE_LOW_POWER_ENTRY/EXIT
vfio/pci: Implement VFIO_DEVICE_FEATURE_LOW_POWER_ENTRY_WITH_WAKEUP

drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_core.c | 256 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_intrs.c | 6 +-
drivers/vfio/vfio.c | 52 +++++-
include/linux/vfio_pci_core.h | 5 +-
include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 55 +++++++
5 files changed, 357 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

--
2.17.1

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