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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/6] RkVDEC HEVC driver
Date
Dne petek, 15. julij 2022 ob 17:36:01 CEST je Nicolas Dufresne napisal(a):
> Le vendredi 15 juillet 2022 à 12:04 +0100, Robin Murphy a écrit :
> > On 2022-07-13 17:24, Sebastian Fricke wrote:
> > > Implement the HEVC codec variation for the RkVDEC driver. Currently only
> > > the RK3399 is supported, but it is possible to enable the RK3288 as it
> > > also supports this codec.
> > >
> > > Based on top of the media tree @ef7fcbbb9eabbe86d2287484bf366dd1821cc6b8
> > > and the HEVC uABI MR by Benjamin Gaignard.
> > > (https://patchwork.linuxtv.org/project/linux-media/list/?series=8360)
> > >
> > > Tested with the GStreamer V4L2 HEVC plugin:
> > > (https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/gstreamer/gstreamer/-/merge_requests/107
> > > 9)
> > >
> > > Current Fluster score:
> > > `Ran 131/147 tests successfully in 278.568 secs`
> > > with
> > > `python3 fluster.py run -d GStreamer-H.265-V4L2SL-Gst1.0 -ts
> > > JCT-VC-HEVC_V1 -j1`
> > >
> > > failed conformance tests:
> > > - DBLK_D_VIXS_2 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - DSLICE_A_HHI_5 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - EXT_A_ericsson_4 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - PICSIZE_A_Bossen_1 (Hardware limitation)
> > > - PICSIZE_B_Bossen_1 (Hardware limitation)
> > > - PICSIZE_C_Bossen_1 (Hardware limitation)
> > > - PICSIZE_D_Bossen_1 (Hardware limitation)
> > > - PPS_A_qualcomm_7 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - SAODBLK_A_MainConcept_4 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - SAODBLK_B_MainConcept_4 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - SLIST_B_Sony_9 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - SLIST_D_Sony_9 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - TSUNEQBD_A_MAIN10_Technicolor_2 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - VPSSPSPPS_A_MainConcept_1 (Success on Hantro G2)
> > > - WPP_D_ericsson_MAIN10_2 (Fail on Hantro G2)
> > > - WPP_D_ericsson_MAIN_2 (Fail on Hantro G2)
> > >
> > > Not tested with FFMpeg so far.
> > >
> > > Known issues:
> > > - Unable to reliably decode multiple videos concurrently
> > > - The SAODBLK_* tests timeout if the timeout time in fluster is lower
> > > than 120 - Currently the uv_virstride is calculated in a manner that is
> > > hardcoded for the two available formats NV12 and NV15.
> > > (@config_registers)
> > >
> > > Notable design decisions:
> > > - I opted for a bitfield to represent the PPS memory blob as it is the
> > > perfect tool for that job. It describes the memory layout with any
> > > additional required documentation, is easy to read and a native language
> > > tool for that job
> >
> > Can I point out how terrible an idea this is? The C language gives
> > virtually zero guarantee about how bitfields are actually represented in
> > memory. Platform ABIs (e.g. [1]) might nail things down a bit more, but
> > different platforms are free to make completely different choices so
> > portability still goes out the window. Even for a single platform,
> > different compilers (or at worst even different version of one compiler)
> > can still make incompatible choices e.g. WRT alignment of packed
> > members. Even if you narrow the scope as far as a specific version of
> > AArch64 GCC, I think this is still totally broken for big-endian.
> >
> > The fact that you've had to use nonsensical types to trick a compiler
> > into meeting your expectations should already be a clue to how fragile
> > this is in general.
> >
> > > - The RPS memory blob is created using a bitmap implementation, which
> > > uses a common Kernel API to avoid reinventing the wheel and to keep the
> > > code clean.
> >
> > Similarly, Linux bitmaps are designed for use as, well, bitmaps. Abusing
> > them as a data interchange format for bit-aligned numerical values is
> > far from "clean" semantically. And I'm pretty sure it's also broken for
> > big-endian.
> >
> > This kind of stuff may be standard practice in embedded development
> > where you're targeting a specific MCU with a specific toolchain, but I
> > don't believe it's suitable for upstream Linux. It would take pretty
> > much the same number of lines to use GENMASK definitions and bitfield.h
> > helpers to pack values into words which can then be written to memory in
> > a guaranteed format and endianness (certainly for the PPS; for the RPS
> > it may well end up a bit longer, but would be self-documenting and
> > certainly more readable than those loops). It mostly just means that for
> > any field which crosses a word boundary you'll end up with 2 definitions
> > and 2 assignments, which is hardly a problem (and in some ways more
> > honest about what's actually going on).
>
> Thanks for the feedback, in multimedia (unlike register programming), we
> don't really consider bitstreams as bitmap or bitfield. What we do really
> expect is to use bit writer helpers (and sometimes a bit reader though we
> try and avoid the second one in the kernel). Its more of less a cursor (a
> bit position) into a memory that advance while writing. A bit writer should
> help protect against overflow too.
>
> When writing lets say a chain of 8 bits from a char, a proper helper is
> expected to be very explicit on the ordering (write_u8_le/be or something
> better worded). I would rather like to see all these blobs written this way
> personally then having a cleared buffer and writing using bit offsets.
>
> Perhaps I may suggest to start with implementing just that inside this
> driver? It isn't very hard, and then the implementation can be reduced
> later and shared later, with whatever exists without deviating from the
> intent of the existing API ? I do believe that having this in linux-media
> can be useful in the future. We will notably need to extend such a helper
> with multimedia specific coding technique (golomb, boolean coding, etc.)
> for use in stateless encoder drivers.

I don't know RKVDEC, but at least Cedar has integrated bitstream parsing
engine. Is there something similar in RKVDEC? That way HW could be used
instead of SW implementation.

Best regards,
Jernej

>
> Nicolas
>
> > Thanks,
> > Robin.
> >
> > [1]
> > https://github.com/ARM-software/abi-aa/blob/main/aapcs64/aapcs64.rst#bit-f
> > ields>
> > > - I deliberatly opted against the macro solution used in H264, which
> > > declares Macros in mid function and declares the fields of the memory
> > > blob as macros as well. And I would be glad to refactor the H264 code if
> > > desired by the maintainer to use common Kernel APIs and native language
> > > elements.
> > > - The giant static array of cabac values is moved to a separate c file,
> > > I did so because a separate .h file would be incorrect as it doesn't
> > > expose anything of any value for any other file than the rkvdec-hevc.c
> > >
> > > file. Other options were:
> > > - Calculating the values instead of storing the results (doesn't seem
> > > to be worth it)
> > > - Supply them via firmware (Adding firmware makes the whole software
> > > way more complicated and the usage of the driver less obvious)
> > >
> > > Ignored Checkpatch warnings (as it fits to the current style of the
> > > file):
> > > ```
> > > WARNING: line length of 162 exceeds 100 columns
> > > #115: FILE: drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-common.c:265:
> > > + { .format = V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV15, .pixel_enc =
> > > V4L2_PIXEL_ENC_YUV, .mem_planes = 1, .comp_planes = 2, .bpp = { 5, 5,
> > > 0, 0 }, .hdiv = 2, .vdiv = 2,
> > >
> > > ERROR: trailing statements should be on next line
> > > #128: FILE: drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ioctl.c:1305:
> > > + case V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV15: descr = "10-bit Y/CbCr 4:2:0
> > > (Packed)"; break; ```
> > >
> > > v4l2-compliance test:
> > > ```
> > > Total for rkvdec device /dev/video3: 46, Succeeded: 46, Failed: 0,
> > > Warnings: 0 ```
> > >
> > > kselftest module run for the bitmap changes:
> > > ```
> > > $ sudo insmod
> > > /usr/lib/modules/5.19.0-rc3-finalseries/kernel/lib/test_bitmap.ko [
> > > 71.751716] test_bitmap: parselist: 14: input is '0-2047:128/256' OK,
> > > Time: 1750 [ 71.751787] test_bitmap: bitmap_print_to_pagebuf: input
> > > is '0-32767 [ 71.751787] ', Time: 6708
> > > [ 71.760373] test_bitmap: set_value: 6/6 tests correct
> > > ```
> > >
> > > Jonas Karlman (2):
> > > media: v4l2: Add NV15 pixel format
> > > media: v4l2-common: Add helpers to calculate bytesperline and
> > >
> > > sizeimage
> > >
> > > Sebastian Fricke (4):
> > > bitops: bitmap helper to set variable length values
> > > staging: media: rkvdec: Add valid pixel format check
> > > staging: media: rkvdec: Enable S_CTRL IOCTL
> > > staging: media: rkvdec: Add HEVC backend
> > >
> > > .../media/v4l/pixfmt-yuv-planar.rst | 53 +
> > > drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-common.c | 79 +-
> > > drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ioctl.c | 1 +
> > > drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/Makefile | 2 +-
> > > drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/TODO | 22 +-
> > > .../staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec-hevc-data.c | 1844 +++++++++++++++++
> > > drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec-hevc.c | 859 ++++++++
> > > drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec-regs.h | 1 +
> > > drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec.c | 182 +-
> > > drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec.h | 3 +
> > > include/linux/bitmap.h | 39 +
> > > include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h | 1 +
> > > lib/test_bitmap.c | 47 +
> > > 13 files changed, 3066 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec-hevc-data.c
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/staging/media/rkvdec/rkvdec-hevc.c




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