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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 17/19] iio: adc: at91-sama5d2_adc: add support for temperature sensor
On Tue, 28 Jun 2022 18:16:29 +0300
Claudiu Beznea <claudiu.beznea@microchip.com> wrote:

> The ADC on SAMA7G5 has a dedicated channel (channel 31) for measuring
> in-SoC temperature. 2 inputs are multiplexed on channel 31, VTEMP and
> VBG as follows:
>
> `
> | \ +-----+
> VBG --->| | ch31 | |
> Vtemp --->| |----->| ADC |
> | / | |
> | / +-----+
> .
>
> where:
> - VTEMP is proportional to the absolute temperature voltage
> - VBG is a quasi-temperature independent voltage
>
> Both VBG and VTEMP are needed to determine the correct in-SoC
> temperature. At a moment of time only one of these could be measured, the
> selection being done with bit SRCLCH bit of ACR register. The formula to
> calculate the temperature is as follows:
>
> P1 + (Vref * (VTEMP - P6 - P4 * VBG)) / (VBG * VTEMP_DT)
>
> where:
> - P1, P4, P6 are calibration data retrieved from OTP memory
> - Vref is the reference voltage for ADC
> - VTEMP_DT is the voltage sensitivity to temperature and is constant
> - VTEMP, VBG are the measured values from channel 31
>
> For better resolution before reading the temperature certain settings
> for oversampling ratio, sample frequency, EMR.TRACKX, MR.TRACKTIM are
> applied. The initial settings are reapplied at the end of temperature
> reading.
>
> Current support is not integrated with trigger buffers channel 31 not
> being enabled/disabled in functions at91_adc_buffer_prepare(),
> at91_adc_buffer_postdisable() thus the conversion for channel 31 is not
> done in case trigger buffers are enabled. In case of trigger buffers are
> enabled and temperature requests are received in the driver though
> at91_adc_read_temp() the at91_adc_read_temp() will return with an error
> code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Claudiu Beznea <claudiu.beznea@microchip.com>

One really minor suggestion inline. If nothing else comes up I can probably
just tweak that whilst applying.

Thanks,

Jonathan

> ---
> drivers/iio/adc/at91-sama5d2_adc.c | 255 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 248 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/at91-sama5d2_adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/at91-sama5d2_adc.c
> index 04c44b2d574c..0e2dab544311 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/at91-sama5d2_adc.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/at91-sama5d2_adc.c
> @@ -26,9 +26,12 @@
> #include <linux/iio/trigger.h>
> #include <linux/iio/trigger_consumer.h>
> #include <linux/iio/triggered_buffer.h>
> +#include <linux/nvmem-consumer.h>
> #include <linux/pinctrl/consumer.h>
> #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
>
> +#include <dt-bindings/iio/adc/at91-sama5d2_adc.h>
> +
> struct at91_adc_reg_layout {
> /* Control Register */
> u16 CR;
> @@ -73,10 +76,13 @@ struct at91_adc_reg_layout {
> /* Startup Time */
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_STARTUP(v) ((v) << 16)
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_STARTUP_MASK GENMASK(19, 16)
> +/* Minimum startup time for temperature sensor */
> +#define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_STARTUP_TS_MIN (50)
> /* Analog Change */
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_ANACH BIT(23)
> /* Tracking Time */
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_TRACKTIM(v) ((v) << 24)
> +#define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_TRACKTIM_TS 6
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_TRACKTIM_MAX 0xf
> /* Transfer Time */
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_TRANSFER(v) ((v) << 28)
> @@ -149,6 +155,9 @@ struct at91_adc_reg_layout {
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_TRACKX_MASK GENMASK(23, 22)
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_TRACKX(x) (((x) << 22) & \
> AT91_SAMA5D2_TRACKX_MASK)
> +/* TRACKX for temperature sensor. */
> +#define AT91_SAMA5D2_TRACKX_TS (1)
> +
> /* Extended Mode Register - Averaging on single trigger event */
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_EMR_ASTE(V) ((V) << 20)
>
> @@ -164,6 +173,8 @@ struct at91_adc_reg_layout {
> u16 ACR;
> /* Analog Control Register - Pen detect sensitivity mask */
> #define AT91_SAMA5D2_ACR_PENDETSENS_MASK GENMASK(1, 0)
> +/* Analog Control Register - Source last channel */
> +#define AT91_SAMA5D2_ACR_SRCLCH BIT(16)
>
> /* Touchscreen Mode Register */
> u16 TSMR;
> @@ -231,6 +242,10 @@ struct at91_adc_reg_layout {
> u16 WPSR;
> /* Version Register */
> u16 VERSION;
> +/* Temperature Sensor Mode Register */
> + u16 TEMPMR;
> +/* Temperature Sensor Mode - Temperature sensor on */
> +#define AT91_SAMA5D2_TEMPMR_TEMPON BIT(0)
> };
>
> static const struct at91_adc_reg_layout sama5d2_layout = {
> @@ -285,6 +300,7 @@ static const struct at91_adc_reg_layout sama7g5_layout = {
> .EOC_IDR = 0x38,
> .EOC_IMR = 0x3c,
> .EOC_ISR = 0x40,
> + .TEMPMR = 0x44,
> .OVER = 0x4c,
> .EMR = 0x50,
> .CWR = 0x54,
> @@ -391,6 +407,21 @@ static const struct at91_adc_reg_layout sama7g5_layout = {
> .datasheet_name = name, \
> }
>
> +#define AT91_SAMA5D2_CHAN_TEMP(num, name, addr) \
> + { \
> + .type = IIO_TEMP, \
> + .channel = num, \
> + .address = addr, \
> + .scan_index = num, \
> + .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED), \
> + .info_mask_shared_by_all = \
> + BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED) | \
> + BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_OVERSAMPLING_RATIO), \
> + .info_mask_shared_by_all_available = \
> + BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_OVERSAMPLING_RATIO), \
> + .datasheet_name = name, \
> + }
> +
> #define at91_adc_readl(st, reg) \
> readl_relaxed((st)->base + (st)->soc_info.platform->layout->reg)
> #define at91_adc_read_chan(st, reg) \
> @@ -415,6 +446,8 @@ static const struct at91_adc_reg_layout sama7g5_layout = {
> * @oversampling_avail: available oversampling values
> * @oversampling_avail_no: number of available oversampling values
> * @chan_realbits: realbits for registered channels
> + * @temp_chan: temperature channel index
> + * @temp_sensor: temperature sensor supported
> */
> struct at91_adc_platform {
> const struct at91_adc_reg_layout *layout;
> @@ -430,20 +463,54 @@ struct at91_adc_platform {
> unsigned int oversampling_avail[5];
> unsigned int oversampling_avail_no;
> unsigned int chan_realbits;
> + unsigned int temp_chan;
> + bool temp_sensor;
> };
>
> +/**
> + * struct at91_adc_temp_sensor_clb - at91-sama5d2 temperature sensor
> + * calibration data structure
> + * @p1: P1 calibration temperature
> + * @p4: P4 calibration voltage
> + * @p6: P6 calibration voltage
> + */
> +struct at91_adc_temp_sensor_clb {
> + u32 p1;
> + u32 p4;
> + u32 p6;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * enum at91_adc_ts_clb_idx - calibration indexes in NVMEM buffer
> + * @AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P1: index for P1
> + * @AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P4: index for P4
> + * @AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P6: index for P6
> + * @AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_MAX: max index for temperature calibration packet in OTP
> + */
> +enum at91_adc_ts_clb_idx {
> + AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P1 = 2,
> + AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P4 = 5,
> + AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P6 = 7,
> + AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_MAX = 19,
> +};
> +
> +/* Temperature sensor calibration - Vtemp voltage sensitivity to temperature. */
> +#define AT91_ADC_TS_VTEMP_DT (2080U)
> +
> /**
> * struct at91_adc_soc_info - at91-sama5d2 soc information struct
> * @startup_time: device startup time
> * @min_sample_rate: minimum sample rate in Hz
> * @max_sample_rate: maximum sample rate in Hz
> * @platform: pointer to the platform structure
> + * @temp_sensor_clb: temperature sensor calibration data structure
> */
> struct at91_adc_soc_info {
> unsigned startup_time;
> unsigned min_sample_rate;
> unsigned max_sample_rate;
> const struct at91_adc_platform *platform;
> + struct at91_adc_temp_sensor_clb temp_sensor_clb;
> };
>
> struct at91_adc_trigger {
> @@ -491,6 +558,18 @@ struct at91_adc_touch {
> struct work_struct workq;
> };
>
> +/**
> + * struct at91_adc_temp - at91-sama5d2 temperature information structure
> + * @sample_period_val: sample period value
> + * @saved_sample_rate: saved sample rate
> + * @saved_oversampling: saved oversampling
> + */
> +struct at91_adc_temp {
> + u16 sample_period_val;
> + u16 saved_sample_rate;
> + u16 saved_oversampling;
> +};
> +
> /*
> * Buffer size requirements:
> * No channels * bytes_per_channel(2) + timestamp bytes (8)
> @@ -518,6 +597,7 @@ struct at91_adc_state {
> wait_queue_head_t wq_data_available;
> struct at91_adc_dma dma_st;
> struct at91_adc_touch touch_st;
> + struct at91_adc_temp temp_st;
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
> /* Ensure naturally aligned timestamp */
> u16 buffer[AT91_BUFFER_MAX_HWORDS] __aligned(8);
> @@ -607,6 +687,7 @@ static const struct iio_chan_spec at91_sama7g5_adc_channels[] = {
> AT91_SAMA5D2_CHAN_DIFF(22, 12, 13, 0x90),
> AT91_SAMA5D2_CHAN_DIFF(23, 14, 15, 0x98),
> IIO_CHAN_SOFT_TIMESTAMP(24),
> + AT91_SAMA5D2_CHAN_TEMP(AT91_SAMA7G5_ADC_TEMP_CHANNEL, "temp", 0xdc),
> };
>
> static const struct at91_adc_platform sama5d2_platform = {
> @@ -639,10 +720,13 @@ static const struct at91_adc_platform sama7g5_platform = {
> .adc_channels = &at91_sama7g5_adc_channels,
> #define AT91_SAMA7G5_SINGLE_CHAN_CNT 16
> #define AT91_SAMA7G5_DIFF_CHAN_CNT 8
> +#define AT91_SAMA7G5_TEMP_CHAN_CNT 1
> .nr_channels = AT91_SAMA7G5_SINGLE_CHAN_CNT +
> - AT91_SAMA7G5_DIFF_CHAN_CNT,
> + AT91_SAMA7G5_DIFF_CHAN_CNT +
> + AT91_SAMA7G5_TEMP_CHAN_CNT,
> #define AT91_SAMA7G5_MAX_CHAN_IDX (AT91_SAMA7G5_SINGLE_CHAN_CNT + \
> - AT91_SAMA7G5_DIFF_CHAN_CNT)
> + AT91_SAMA7G5_DIFF_CHAN_CNT + \
> + AT91_SAMA7G5_TEMP_CHAN_CNT)
> .max_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(at91_sama7g5_adc_channels),
> .max_index = AT91_SAMA7G5_MAX_CHAN_IDX,
> #define AT91_SAMA7G5_HW_TRIG_CNT 3
> @@ -651,6 +735,8 @@ static const struct at91_adc_platform sama7g5_platform = {
> .oversampling_avail = { 1, 4, 16, 64, 256, },
> .oversampling_avail_no = 5,
> .chan_realbits = 16,
> + .temp_sensor = true,
> + .temp_chan = AT91_SAMA7G5_ADC_TEMP_CHANNEL,
> };
>
> static int at91_adc_chan_xlate(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, int chan)
> @@ -1190,7 +1276,8 @@ static int at91_adc_buffer_prepare(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
> continue;
> /* these channel types cannot be handled by this trigger */
> if (chan->type == IIO_POSITIONRELATIVE ||
> - chan->type == IIO_PRESSURE)
> + chan->type == IIO_PRESSURE ||
> + chan->type == IIO_TEMP)
> continue;
>
> at91_adc_cor(st, chan);
> @@ -1232,7 +1319,8 @@ static int at91_adc_buffer_postdisable(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
> continue;
> /* these channel types are virtual, no need to do anything */
> if (chan->type == IIO_POSITIONRELATIVE ||
> - chan->type == IIO_PRESSURE)
> + chan->type == IIO_PRESSURE ||
> + chan->type == IIO_TEMP)
> continue;
>
> at91_adc_writel(st, CHDR, BIT(chan->channel));
> @@ -1610,12 +1698,19 @@ static int at91_adc_read_info_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> return ret;
> }
>
> - /* in this case we have a voltage channel */
> + /* in this case we have a voltage or temperature channel */
>
> st->chan = chan;
>
> at91_adc_cor(st, chan);
> at91_adc_writel(st, CHER, BIT(chan->channel));
> + /*
> + * TEMPMR.TEMPON needs to update after CHER otherwise if none
> + * of the channels are enabled and TEMPMR.TEMPON = 1 will
> + * trigger DRDY interruption while preparing for temperature read.
> + */
> + if (chan->type == IIO_TEMP)
> + at91_adc_writel(st, TEMPMR, AT91_SAMA5D2_TEMPMR_TEMPON);
> at91_adc_eoc_ena(st, chan->channel);
> at91_adc_writel(st, CR, AT91_SAMA5D2_CR_START);
>
> @@ -1635,6 +1730,8 @@ static int at91_adc_read_info_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> }
>
> at91_adc_eoc_dis(st, st->chan->channel);
> + if (chan->type == IIO_TEMP)
> + at91_adc_writel(st, TEMPMR, 0U);
> at91_adc_writel(st, CHDR, BIT(chan->channel));
>
> /* Needed to ACK the DRDY interruption */
> @@ -1662,6 +1759,89 @@ static int at91_adc_read_info_locked(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static void at91_adc_temp_sensor_configure(struct at91_adc_state *st,
> + bool start)
> +{
> + u32 sample_rate, oversampling_ratio;
> + u32 startup_time, tracktim, trackx;
> +
> + if (start) {
> + /*
> + * Configure the sensor for best accuracy: 10MHz frequency,
> + * oversampling rate of 256, tracktim=0xf and trackx=1.
> + */
> + sample_rate = 10000000U;

Use the multipliers in units.h e.g.

sample_rate = 10 * MEGA;
> + oversampling_ratio = 256;
> + startup_time = AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_STARTUP_TS_MIN;
> + tracktim = AT91_SAMA5D2_MR_TRACKTIM_TS;
> + trackx = AT91_SAMA5D2_TRACKX_TS;
> +
> + st->temp_st.saved_sample_rate = st->current_sample_rate;
> + st->temp_st.saved_oversampling = st->oversampling_ratio;
> + } else {
> + /* Go back to previous settings. */
> + sample_rate = st->temp_st.saved_sample_rate;
> + oversampling_ratio = st->temp_st.saved_oversampling;
> + startup_time = st->soc_info.startup_time;
> + tracktim = 0;
> + trackx = 0;
> + }
> +
> + at91_adc_setup_samp_freq(st->indio_dev, sample_rate, startup_time,
> + tracktim);
> + at91_adc_config_emr(st, oversampling_ratio, trackx);
> +}
> +
> +static int at91_adc_read_temp(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> + struct iio_chan_spec const *chan, int *val)
> +{
> + struct at91_adc_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> + struct at91_adc_temp_sensor_clb *clb = &st->soc_info.temp_sensor_clb;
> + u64 div1, div2;
> + u32 tmp;
> + int ret, vbg, vtemp;
> +
> + ret = iio_device_claim_direct_mode(indio_dev);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + mutex_lock(&st->lock);
> +
> + at91_adc_temp_sensor_configure(st, true);
> +
> + /* Read VBG. */
> + tmp = at91_adc_readl(st, ACR);
> + tmp |= AT91_SAMA5D2_ACR_SRCLCH;
> + at91_adc_writel(st, ACR, tmp);
> + ret = at91_adc_read_info_raw(indio_dev, chan, &vbg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto restore_config;
> +
> + /* Read VTEMP. */
> + tmp &= ~AT91_SAMA5D2_ACR_SRCLCH;
> + at91_adc_writel(st, ACR, tmp);
> + ret = at91_adc_read_info_raw(indio_dev, chan, &vtemp);
> +
> +restore_config:
> + /* Revert previous settings. */
> + at91_adc_temp_sensor_configure(st, false);
> + mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
> + iio_device_release_direct_mode(indio_dev);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * Temp[milli] = p1[milli] + (vtemp * clb->p6 - clb->p4 * vbg)/
> + * (vbg * AT91_ADC_TS_VTEMP_DT)
> + */
> + div1 = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(((u64)vtemp * clb->p6), vbg);
> + div1 = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL((div1 * 1000), AT91_ADC_TS_VTEMP_DT);
> + div2 = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL((u64)clb->p4, AT91_ADC_TS_VTEMP_DT);
> + div2 *= 1000;
> + *val = clb->p1 + (int)div1 - (int)div2;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> static int at91_adc_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
> int *val, int *val2, long mask)
> @@ -1679,6 +1859,11 @@ static int at91_adc_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> *val2 = chan->scan_type.realbits;
> return IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2;
>
> + case IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED:
> + if (chan->type != IIO_TEMP)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + return at91_adc_read_temp(indio_dev, chan, val);
> +
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
> *val = at91_adc_get_sample_freq(st);
> return IIO_VAL_INT;
> @@ -1994,12 +2179,61 @@ static int at91_adc_buffer_and_trigger_init(struct device *dev,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static int at91_adc_temp_sensor_init(struct at91_adc_state *st,
> + struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct at91_adc_temp_sensor_clb *clb = &st->soc_info.temp_sensor_clb;
> + struct nvmem_cell *temp_calib;
> + u32 *buf;
> + size_t len;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + if (!st->soc_info.platform->temp_sensor)
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* Get the calibration data from NVMEM. */
> + temp_calib = devm_nvmem_cell_get(dev, "temperature_calib");
> + if (IS_ERR(temp_calib)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(temp_calib);
> + if (ret != -ENOENT)
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to get temperature_calib cell!\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + buf = nvmem_cell_read(temp_calib, &len);
> + if (IS_ERR(buf)) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to read calibration data!\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(buf);
> + }
> + if (len < AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_MAX * 4) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Invalid calibration data!\n");
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto free_buf;
> + }
> +
> + /* Store calibration data for later use. */
> + clb->p1 = buf[AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P1];
> + clb->p4 = buf[AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P4];
> + clb->p6 = buf[AT91_ADC_TS_CLB_IDX_P6];
> +
> + /*
> + * We prepare here the conversion to milli and also add constant
> + * factor (5 degrees Celsius) to p1 here to avoid doing it on
> + * hotpath.
> + */
> + clb->p1 = clb->p1 * 1000 + 5000;
> +
> +free_buf:
> + kfree(buf);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> static int at91_adc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> {
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
> struct at91_adc_state *st;
> struct resource *res;
> - int ret, i;
> + int ret, i, num_channels;
> u32 edge_type = IRQ_TYPE_NONE;
>
> indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*st));
> @@ -2011,11 +2245,18 @@ static int at91_adc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>
> st->soc_info.platform = of_device_get_match_data(&pdev->dev);
>
> + ret = at91_adc_temp_sensor_init(st, &pdev->dev);
> + /* Don't register temperature channel if initialization failed. */
> + if (ret)
> + num_channels = st->soc_info.platform->max_channels - 1;
> + else
> + num_channels = st->soc_info.platform->max_channels;
> +
> indio_dev->name = dev_name(&pdev->dev);
> indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE | INDIO_BUFFER_SOFTWARE;
> indio_dev->info = &at91_adc_info;
> indio_dev->channels = *st->soc_info.platform->adc_channels;
> - indio_dev->num_channels = st->soc_info.platform->max_channels;
> + indio_dev->num_channels = num_channels;
>
> bitmap_set(&st->touch_st.channels_bitmask,
> st->soc_info.platform->touch_chan_x, 1);

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