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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 2/2] iio: accel: bma400: Add support for single and double tap events
On Sun, 26 Jun 2022 18:53:11 +0530
Jagath Jog J <jagathjog1996@gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Jonathan,
>
> On Sun, Jun 19, 2022 at 6:38 PM Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, 14 Jun 2022 00:47:06 +0530
> > Jagath Jog J <jagathjog1996@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > > Add support for single and double tap events based on the tap threshold
> > > value and minimum quiet time value between the taps. The INT1 pin is used
> > > to interrupt and event is pushed to userspace.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Jagath Jog J <jagathjog1996@gmail.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/iio/accel/bma400.h | 11 ++
> > > drivers/iio/accel/bma400_core.c | 210 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > > 2 files changed, 211 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/accel/bma400.h b/drivers/iio/accel/bma400.h
> > > index e8f802a82300..d05edd9b009a 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/iio/accel/bma400.h
> > > +++ b/drivers/iio/accel/bma400.h
> > > @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
> > > #define BMA400_INT_STAT1_REG 0x0f
> > > #define BMA400_INT_STAT2_REG 0x10
> > > #define BMA400_INT12_MAP_REG 0x23
> > > +#define BMA400_INT_ENG_OVRUN_MSK BIT(4)
> > >
> > > /* Temperature register */
> > > #define BMA400_TEMP_DATA_REG 0x11
> > > @@ -105,6 +106,16 @@
> > > #define BMA400_INT_GEN2_MSK BIT(3)
> > > #define BMA400_GEN_HYST_MSK GENMASK(1, 0)
> > >
> > > +/* TAP config registers */
> > > +#define BMA400_TAP_CONFIG 0x57
> > > +#define BMA400_TAP_CONFIG1 0x58
> > > +#define BMA400_S_TAP_MSK BIT(2)
> > > +#define BMA400_D_TAP_MSK BIT(3)
> > > +#define BMA400_INT_S_TAP_MSK BIT(10)
> > > +#define BMA400_INT_D_TAP_MSK BIT(11)
> > > +#define BMA400_TAP_SEN_MSK GENMASK(2, 0)
> > > +#define BMA400_TAP_QUIET_MSK GENMASK(3, 2)
> >
> > So following up on the 'what is the maximum time between double taps
> > question I took a look at the datasheet.
> >
> > What about quiet_dt and tics_th?
>
> I kept both of them as default values since there is only _period attribute
> which matches these values.

Understood. Definitely feels like we are stretching that ABI too far.

>
> >
> > quiet_dt seems to be min time between taps in a double tap, and tics_th
> > is about the 'tap' algorithm itself.
> >
> > Interesting, tics_th is kind of the opposite of what we'd normally use period
> > for. We only get event if the max to min of tap occur closer together than
> > this value.
> >
> > quiet_dt seems a closer fit to what you documented period for. quiet
> > controls min space between single taps. So related but indirectly to
> > double tap detection.
> > If I have understood this correctly.
> >
> > * If two taps are more that quiet apart then we get 2 single taps.
> > * If two taps are more than quiet_dt apart but less than quiet apart then
> > we get a double tap.
> > * If two taps are less than quiet_dt apart, then we probably detect them
> > as a single tap, as long as the tics_th timing condition is met.
> >
> > Whilst quiet effects both single and double tap I think we would have
> > to define it as controls on both of them (linked by changing value of
> > one effecting the other).
> >
> > Period doesn't fit any of these but I'm struggling to come up with
> > good ABI.
> >
> > Maybe use "holdoff" for single tap to indicate minimum time after
> > first tap before we can have another one. (lifted from naming of
> > controls on oscilloscope triggers).
> >
> > What to call the same time for double taps (which it's a limit on how
> > far apart they can be) isn't obvious. Nor is what would map to quiet_dt
> > a they are both very specific to double taps.
> > Maybe "period" makes sense for quiet (not quiet_dt) when applied to a double
> > tap as it's time within which the event must have completed (got 2 taps)
> > but it's a stetch.
> >
> > Anyhow, this needs more thought. All suggestions welcome!
>
> Thanks for the suggestion,
> For double-tap, the quiet value represents window time which means both taps
> should occur within this period of time.
>
> Please give me suggestions for the name "pulse window" or only "window" for
> double tap quiet value and "latency" for the quiet_dt.

Window doesn't really describe anything - it's too vague.

>
> Most of the accelerometer sensors which support tap feature define
> quite, quite_dt
> register field with different names then, can I add these attributes in the core
> with the final suggested name?

ABI definition is tricky. Normal trick is to look at other similar sorts of things
(like oscilloscope triggers). https://download.tek.com/document/55W_17291_6_0.pdf (1st
hit in google)
So, one option is to use the concept of triggers resetting.

Hence quiet might work as
gesture_singletap_resettimeout (in seconds) Until this time has passed the
detector is not reset to look for another event.

It's a bit of a stretch to use this for quiet_dt. There is a similar concept
in the above scope manual, but it's defined as AB triggers and that's complex
and doesn't map great to simple naming.
gesture_doubletap_tap2mindelay (in seconds)
maybe? Note these are only vague suggestions. There are a various userspace
folk who are often kind enough to give us feedback on things affecting ABI.
So +CC
Bastien Nocera <hadess@hadess.net>
Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>

(for Bastien and Hans: the aim here is to finally add ABI to IIO for single and double
tap detection from accelerometers - in particular trying to come up with sensible tunables
that are suitable for the algorithms various devices implement).

>
> Since tics_th is specific to bma400 can I define this by creating custom
> attributes with the same name using IIO_DEVICE_ATTR_RW()?

No. Custom ABI is fine for a driver if needed like here, but it needs to be inline with
the standard ABI such that if we make it standard later, we can hopefully make
use of it. I'm not sure this will ever be standards, but let's aim for
something readable(ish).

_maxtomin_time (in seconds) might work perhaps?

I've not looked at what the input subsystem does for touch screens. Feels like they'll
have at least some of the same controls. Perhaps there is something to be learnt
from there?

Jonathan


>
> Thank you,
> Jagath
>
>
> >
> >
> > A few trivial things inline as well.
> >
> >
> >
> > > +
> > > /*
> > > * BMA400_SCALE_MIN macro value represents m/s^2 for 1 LSB before
> > > * converting to micro values for +-2g range.
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iio/accel/bma400_core.c b/drivers/iio/accel/bma400_core.c
> > > index c31bdd9b168e..f8945dc0de04 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/iio/accel/bma400_core.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/iio/accel/bma400_core.c
> > > @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
> > > #include <linux/iio/trigger.h>
> > > #include <linux/iio/trigger_consumer.h>
> > > #include <linux/iio/triggered_buffer.h>
> > > +#include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
> > >
> > > #include "bma400.h"
> > >
> > > @@ -88,6 +89,7 @@ struct bma400_data {
> > > bool step_event_en;
> > > bool activity_event_en;
> > > unsigned int generic_event_en;
> > > + unsigned int tap_event_en;
> > > /* Correct time stamp alignment */
> > > struct {
> > > __le16 buff[3];
> > > @@ -216,6 +218,36 @@ static const struct iio_event_spec bma400_accel_event[] = {
> > > BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_HYSTERESIS) |
> > > BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_ENABLE),
> > > },
> > > + {
> > > + .type = IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE,
> > > + .dir = IIO_EV_DIR_SINGLETAP,
> > > + .mask_shared_by_type = BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_VALUE) |
> > > + BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_ENABLE),
> > > + },
> > > + {
> > > + .type = IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE,
> > > + .dir = IIO_EV_DIR_DOUBLETAP,
> > > + .mask_shared_by_type = BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_VALUE) |
> > > + BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_PERIOD) |
> > > + BIT(IIO_EV_INFO_ENABLE),
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +/* List of sensitivity values available to configure tap interrupts */
> > > +static IIO_CONST_ATTR(in_accel_gesture_value_available, "0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7");
> > > +
> > > +/* List of minimum quiet time before and after double tap, in data samples. */
> > > +static IIO_CONST_ATTR(in_accel_gesture_doubletap_period_available,
> > > + "60 80 100 120");
> > > +
> > > +static struct attribute *bma400_event_attributes[] = {
> > > + &iio_const_attr_in_accel_gesture_value_available.dev_attr.attr,
> > > + &iio_const_attr_in_accel_gesture_doubletap_period_available.dev_attr.attr,
> > > + NULL
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static const struct attribute_group bma400_event_attribute_group = {
> > > + .attrs = bma400_event_attributes,
> > > };
> > >
> > > #define BMA400_ACC_CHANNEL(_index, _axis) { \
> > > @@ -1012,6 +1044,10 @@ static int bma400_read_event_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > case IIO_EV_DIR_FALLING:
> > > return FIELD_GET(BMA400_INT_GEN2_MSK,
> > > data->generic_event_en);
> > > + case IIO_EV_DIR_SINGLETAP:
> > > + return FIELD_GET(BMA400_S_TAP_MSK, data->tap_event_en);
> > > + case IIO_EV_DIR_DOUBLETAP:
> > > + return FIELD_GET(BMA400_D_TAP_MSK, data->tap_event_en);
> > > default:
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > }
> > > @@ -1101,6 +1137,80 @@ static int bma400_activity_event_en(struct bma400_data *data,
> > > return 0;
> > > }
> > >
> > > +static int bma400_tap_event_en(struct bma400_data *data,
> > > + enum iio_event_direction dir, int state)
> > > +{
> > > + int ret;
> > > + unsigned int mask, field_value;
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * Tap interrupts can be configured only in normal mode.
> > > + * See table in section 4.3 "Power modes - performance modes" of
> > > + * datasheet v1.2.
> > > + */
> > > + if (data->power_mode != POWER_MODE_NORMAL)
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * Tap interrupts are operating with the data rate of 200Hz.
> > > + * See section 4.7 "Tap sensing interrupt" in datasheet v1.2.
> > > + */
> > > + if (data->sample_freq.hz != 200) {
> > > + dev_err(data->dev, "Invalid data rate for tap interrupts.\n");
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + ret = regmap_update_bits(data->regmap, BMA400_INT12_MAP_REG,
> > > + BMA400_S_TAP_MSK,
> > > + FIELD_PREP(BMA400_S_TAP_MSK, state));
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + switch (dir) {
> > > + case IIO_EV_DIR_SINGLETAP:
> > > + mask = BMA400_S_TAP_MSK;
> > > + set_mask_bits(&field_value, BMA400_S_TAP_MSK,
> > > + FIELD_PREP(BMA400_S_TAP_MSK, state));
> > > + break;
> > > + case IIO_EV_DIR_DOUBLETAP:
> > > + mask = BMA400_D_TAP_MSK;
> > > + set_mask_bits(&field_value, BMA400_D_TAP_MSK,
> > > + FIELD_PREP(BMA400_D_TAP_MSK, state));
> > > + break;
> > > + default:
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + ret = regmap_update_bits(data->regmap, BMA400_INT_CONFIG1_REG, mask,
> > > + field_value);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + set_mask_bits(&data->tap_event_en, mask, field_value);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int bma400_disable_adv_interrupt(struct bma400_data *data)
> > > +{
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + ret = regmap_write(data->regmap, BMA400_INT_CONFIG0_REG, 0);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + ret = regmap_write(data->regmap, BMA400_INT_CONFIG1_REG, 0);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + data->tap_event_en = 0;
> > > + data->generic_event_en = 0;
> > > + data->step_event_en = 0;
> > > + data->activity_event_en = 0;
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static int bma400_write_event_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
> > > enum iio_event_type type,
> > > @@ -1111,10 +1221,20 @@ static int bma400_write_event_config(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > >
> > > switch (chan->type) {
> > > case IIO_ACCEL:
> > > - mutex_lock(&data->mutex);
> > > - ret = bma400_activity_event_en(data, dir, state);
> > > - mutex_unlock(&data->mutex);
> > > - return ret;
> > > + switch (type) {
> > > + case IIO_EV_TYPE_MAG:
> > > + mutex_lock(&data->mutex);
> > > + ret = bma400_activity_event_en(data, dir, state);
> > > + mutex_unlock(&data->mutex);
> > > + return ret;
> > > + case IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE:
> > > + mutex_lock(&data->mutex);
> > > + ret = bma400_tap_event_en(data, dir, state);
> > > + mutex_unlock(&data->mutex);
> > > + return ret;
> > > + default:
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > case IIO_STEPS:
> > > mutex_lock(&data->mutex);
> > > ret = bma400_steps_event_enable(data, state);
> > > @@ -1159,8 +1279,8 @@ static int bma400_read_event_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > struct bma400_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > > int ret, reg;
> > >
> > > - switch (chan->type) {
> > > - case IIO_ACCEL:
> > > + switch (type) {
> > > + case IIO_EV_TYPE_MAG:
> > > reg = get_gen_config_reg(dir);
> > > if (reg < 0)
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > @@ -1196,6 +1316,25 @@ static int bma400_read_event_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > default:
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > }
> > > + case IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE:
> > > + switch (info) {
> > > + case IIO_EV_INFO_VALUE:
> > > + ret = regmap_read(data->regmap, BMA400_TAP_CONFIG,
> > > + val);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > + *val = FIELD_GET(BMA400_TAP_SEN_MSK, *val);
> >
> > I'd prefer a local variable for regval into which the regmap_read goes.
> >
> > Slightly more readable that way as *val then only ever means one thing.
> >
> > > + return IIO_VAL_INT;
> > > + case IIO_EV_INFO_PERIOD:
> > > + ret = regmap_read(data->regmap, BMA400_TAP_CONFIG1,
> > > + val);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > + *val = FIELD_GET(BMA400_TAP_QUIET_MSK, *val);
> > > + return IIO_VAL_INT;
> > > + default:
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > default:
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > }
> > > @@ -1209,10 +1348,10 @@ static int bma400_write_event_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > int val, int val2)
> > > {
> > > struct bma400_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> > > - int reg, ret;
> > > + int reg, ret, quiet_period;
> > >
> > > - switch (chan->type) {
> > > - case IIO_ACCEL:
> > > + switch (type) {
> > > + case IIO_EV_TYPE_MAG:
> > > reg = get_gen_config_reg(dir);
> > > if (reg < 0)
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > @@ -1228,7 +1367,6 @@ static int bma400_write_event_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > case IIO_EV_INFO_PERIOD:
> > > if (val < 1 || val > 65535)
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > -
> >
> > Clear out this noise.
> >
> > > mutex_lock(&data->mutex);
> > > put_unaligned_be16(val, &data->duration);
> > > ret = regmap_bulk_write(data->regmap,
> > > @@ -1248,6 +1386,31 @@ static int bma400_write_event_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> > > default:
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > }
> > > + case IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE:
> > > + switch (info) {
> > > + case IIO_EV_INFO_VALUE:
> > > + if (val < 0 || val > 7)
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > +
> > > + return regmap_update_bits(data->regmap,
> > > + BMA400_TAP_CONFIG,
> > > + BMA400_TAP_SEN_MSK,
> > > + FIELD_PREP(BMA400_TAP_SEN_MSK,
> > > + val));
> > > +
> > > + case IIO_EV_INFO_PERIOD:
> > > + quiet_period = (val / 20) - 3;
> > > + if (quiet_period < 0 || quiet_period > 3)
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > +
> > > + return regmap_update_bits(data->regmap,
> > > + BMA400_TAP_CONFIG1,
> > > + BMA400_TAP_QUIET_MSK,
> > > + FIELD_PREP(BMA400_TAP_QUIET_MSK,
> > > + quiet_period));
> > > + default:
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > default:
> > > return -EINVAL;
> > > }
> > > @@ -1287,6 +1450,7 @@ static const struct iio_info bma400_info = {
> > > .write_event_config = bma400_write_event_config,
> > > .write_event_value = bma400_write_event_value,
> > > .read_event_value = bma400_read_event_value,
> > > + .event_attrs = &bma400_event_attribute_group,
> > > };
> > >
> > > static const struct iio_trigger_ops bma400_trigger_ops = {
> > > @@ -1350,6 +1514,32 @@ static irqreturn_t bma400_interrupt(int irq, void *private)
> > > if (ret || !data->status)
> > > goto unlock_err;
> > >
> > > + /*
> > > + * Disable all advance interrupts if interrupt engine overrun occurs.
> > > + * See section 4.7 "Interrupt engine overrun" in datasheet v1.2.
> > > + */
> > > + if (FIELD_GET(BMA400_INT_ENG_OVRUN_MSK, le16_to_cpu(data->status))) {
> > > + bma400_disable_adv_interrupt(data);
> > > + dev_err(data->dev, "Interrupt engine overrun\n");
> > > + goto unlock_err;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + if (FIELD_GET(BMA400_INT_S_TAP_MSK, le16_to_cpu(data->status)))
> > > + iio_push_event(indio_dev,
> > > + IIO_MOD_EVENT_CODE(IIO_ACCEL, 0,
> > > + IIO_MOD_X_OR_Y_OR_Z,
> > > + IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE,
> > > + IIO_EV_DIR_SINGLETAP),
> > > + timestamp);
> > > +
> > > + if (FIELD_GET(BMA400_INT_D_TAP_MSK, le16_to_cpu(data->status)))
> > > + iio_push_event(indio_dev,
> > > + IIO_MOD_EVENT_CODE(IIO_ACCEL, 0,
> > > + IIO_MOD_X_OR_Y_OR_Z,
> > > + IIO_EV_TYPE_GESTURE,
> > > + IIO_EV_DIR_DOUBLETAP),
> > > + timestamp);
> > > +
> > > if (FIELD_GET(BMA400_INT_GEN1_MSK, le16_to_cpu(data->status)))
> > > ev_dir = IIO_EV_DIR_RISING;
> > >
> >

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