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Subject[PATCH] um: seed rng using host OS rng
UML generally does not provide access to special CPU instructions like
RDRAND, and execution tends to be rather deterministic, with no real
hardware interrupts, making good randomness really very hard, if not
all together impossible. Not only is this a security eyebrow raiser, but
it's also quite annoying when trying to do various pieces of UML-based
automation that takes a long time to boot, if ever.

Fix this by trivially calling getrandom() in the host and using that
seed as "bootloader randomness", which initializes the rng immediately
at UML boot.

The old behavior can be restored the same way as on any other arch, by
random.trust_bootloader=0. So seen from that perspective, this just
makes UML act like other archs, which is positive in its own right.

Cc: Johannes Berg <>
Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <>
arch/um/include/shared/os.h | 7 +++++++
arch/um/kernel/um_arch.c | 8 ++++++++
arch/um/os-Linux/util.c | 6 ++++++
3 files changed, 21 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/um/include/shared/os.h b/arch/um/include/shared/os.h
index fafde1d5416e..79644dd88d58 100644
--- a/arch/um/include/shared/os.h
+++ b/arch/um/include/shared/os.h
@@ -11,6 +11,12 @@
#include <irq_user.h>
#include <longjmp.h>
#include <mm_id.h>
+/* This is to get size_t */
+#ifndef __UM_HOST__
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <stddef.h>

#define CATCH_EINTR(expr) while ((errno = 0, ((expr) < 0)) && (errno == EINTR))

@@ -243,6 +249,7 @@ extern void stack_protections(unsigned long address);
extern int raw(int fd);
extern void setup_machinename(char *machine_out);
extern void setup_hostinfo(char *buf, int len);
+extern ssize_t os_getrandom(void *buf, size_t len, unsigned int flags);
extern void os_dump_core(void) __attribute__ ((noreturn));
extern void um_early_printk(const char *s, unsigned int n);
extern void os_fix_helper_signals(void);
diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/um_arch.c b/arch/um/kernel/um_arch.c
index 0760e24f2eba..74f3efd96bd4 100644
--- a/arch/um/kernel/um_arch.c
+++ b/arch/um/kernel/um_arch.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
@@ -406,6 +407,8 @@ int __init __weak read_initrd(void)

void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
+ u8 rng_seed[32];
stack_protections((unsigned long) &init_thread_info);
setup_physmem(uml_physmem, uml_reserved, physmem_size, highmem);
mem_total_pages(physmem_size, iomem_size, highmem);
@@ -416,6 +419,11 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
strlcpy(boot_command_line, command_line, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
*cmdline_p = command_line;
setup_hostinfo(host_info, sizeof host_info);
+ if (os_getrandom(rng_seed, sizeof(rng_seed), 0) == sizeof(rng_seed)) {
+ add_bootloader_randomness(rng_seed, sizeof(rng_seed));
+ memzero_explicit(rng_seed, sizeof(rng_seed));
+ }

void __init check_bugs(void)
diff --git a/arch/um/os-Linux/util.c b/arch/um/os-Linux/util.c
index 41297ec404bf..fc0f2a9dee5a 100644
--- a/arch/um/os-Linux/util.c
+++ b/arch/um/os-Linux/util.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>
+#include <sys/random.h>
#include <init.h>
#include <os.h>

@@ -96,6 +97,11 @@ static inline void __attribute__ ((noreturn)) uml_abort(void)

+ssize_t os_getrandom(void *buf, size_t len, unsigned int flags)
+ return getrandom(buf, len, flags);
* UML helper threads must not handle SIGWINCH/INT/TERM
 \ /
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