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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 3/3] tpm: Add tpm_tis_i2c backend for tpm_tis_core
On Wed, Jun 08, 2022 at 07:31:13PM +0200, Alexander Steffen wrote:
> Implement the TCG I2C Interface driver, as specified in the TCG PC
> Client Platform TPM Profile (PTP) specification for TPM 2.0 v1.04
> revision 14, section 8, I2C Interface Definition.
>
> This driver supports Guard Times. That is, if required by the TPM, the
> driver has to wait by a vendor-specific time after each I2C read/write.
> The specific time is read from the TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY register.
>
> Unfortunately, the TCG specified almost but not quite compatible
> register addresses. Therefore, the TIS register addresses need to be
> mapped to I2C ones. The locality is stripped because for now, only
> locality 0 is supported.
>
> Add a sanity check to I2C reads of e.g. TPM_ACCESS and TPM_STS. This is
> to detect communication errors and issues due to non-standard behaviour
> (E.g. the clock stretching quirk in the BCM2835, see 4dbfb5f4401f). In
> case the sanity check fails, attempt a retry.
>
> Co-developed-by: Johannes Holland <johannes.holland@infineon.com>
> Signed-off-by: Johannes Holland <johannes.holland@infineon.com>
> Co-developed-by: Amir Mizinski <amirmizi6@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Amir Mizinski <amirmizi6@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Steffen <Alexander.Steffen@infineon.com>
> ---
> drivers/char/tpm/Kconfig | 12 +
> drivers/char/tpm/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis_i2c.c | 391 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 404 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis_i2c.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/Kconfig b/drivers/char/tpm/Kconfig
> index 4a5516406c22..927088b2c3d3 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/Kconfig
> @@ -74,6 +74,18 @@ config TCG_TIS_SPI_CR50
> If you have a H1 secure module running Cr50 firmware on SPI bus,
> say Yes and it will be accessible from within Linux.
>
> +config TCG_TIS_I2C
> + tristate "TPM Interface Specification 1.3 Interface / TPM 2.0 FIFO Interface - (I2C - generic)"
> + depends on I2C
> + select CRC_CCITT
> + select TCG_TIS_CORE
> + help
> + If you have a TPM security chip, compliant with the TCG TPM PTP
> + (I2C interface) specification and connected to an I2C bus master,
> + say Yes and it will be accessible from within Linux.
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here;
> + the module will be called tpm_tis_i2c.
> +
> config TCG_TIS_SYNQUACER
> tristate "TPM Interface Specification 1.2 Interface / TPM 2.0 FIFO Interface (MMIO - SynQuacer)"
> depends on ARCH_SYNQUACER || COMPILE_TEST
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile b/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile
> index 66d39ea6bd10..0222b1ddb310 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ tpm_tis_spi-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_SPI_CR50) += tpm_tis_spi_cr50.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_I2C_CR50) += tpm_tis_i2c_cr50.o
>
> +obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_I2C) += tpm_tis_i2c.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_I2C_ATMEL) += tpm_i2c_atmel.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_I2C_INFINEON) += tpm_i2c_infineon.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_I2C_NUVOTON) += tpm_i2c_nuvoton.o
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis_i2c.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis_i2c.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..8e0686fe4eb1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis_i2c.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,391 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2014-2021 Nuvoton Technology corporation
> + * Copyright (C) 2019-2022 Infineon Technologies AG
> + *
> + * This device driver implements the TPM interface as defined in the TCG PC
> + * Client Platform TPM Profile (PTP) Specification for TPM 2.0 v1.04
> + * Revision 14.
> + *
> + * It is based on the tpm_tis_spi device driver.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/crc-ccitt.h>
> +#include "tpm_tis_core.h"
> +
> +/* TPM registers */
> +#define TPM_I2C_LOC_SEL 0x00
> +#define TPM_I2C_ACCESS 0x04
> +#define TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY 0x30
> +#define TPM_I2C_DEVICE_ADDRESS 0x38
> +#define TPM_I2C_DATA_CSUM_ENABLE 0x40
> +#define TPM_DATA_CSUM 0x44
> +#define TPM_I2C_DID_VID 0x48
> +#define TPM_I2C_RID 0x4C
> +
> +/* TIS-compatible register address to avoid clash with TPM_ACCESS (0x00) */
> +#define TPM_LOC_SEL 0x0FFF
> +
> +/* Mask to extract the I2C register from TIS register addresses */
> +#define TPM_TIS_REGISTER_MASK 0x0FFF
> +
> +/* Default Guard Time of 250µs until interface capability register is read */
> +#define GUARD_TIME_DEFAULT_MIN 250
> +#define GUARD_TIME_DEFAULT_MAX 300
> +
> +/* Guard Time of 250µs after I2C slave NACK */
> +#define GUARD_TIME_ERR_MIN 250
> +#define GUARD_TIME_ERR_MAX 300
> +
> +/* Guard Time bit masks; SR is repeated start, RW is read then write, etc. */
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_SR_MASK 0x40000000
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_RR_MASK 0x00100000
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_RW_MASK 0x00080000
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_WR_MASK 0x00040000
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_WW_MASK 0x00020000
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_MIN_MASK 0x0001FE00
> +#define TPM_GUARD_TIME_MIN_SHIFT 9
> +
> +/* Masks with bits that must be read zero */
> +#define TPM_ACCESS_READ_ZERO 0x48
> +#define TPM_INT_ENABLE_ZERO 0x7FFFFF6
> +#define TPM_STS_READ_ZERO 0x23
> +#define TPM_INTF_CAPABILITY_ZERO 0x0FFFF000
> +#define TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY_ZERO 0x80000000
> +
> +struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy {
> + struct tpm_tis_data priv;
> + struct i2c_client *i2c_client;
> + bool guard_time_read;
> + bool guard_time_write;
> + u16 guard_time_min;
> + u16 guard_time_max;
> + u8 *io_buf;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy *
> +to_tpm_tis_i2c_phy(struct tpm_tis_data *data)
> +{
> + return container_of(data, struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy, priv);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * tpm_tis_core uses the register addresses as defined in Table 19 "Allocation
> + * of Register Space for FIFO TPM Access" of the TCG PC Client PTP
> + * Specification. In order for this code to work together with tpm_tis_core,
> + * those addresses need to mapped to the registers defined for I2C TPMs in
> + * Table 51 "I2C-TPM Register Overview".
> + *
> + * For most addresses this can be done by simply stripping off the locality
> + * information from the address. A few addresses need to be mapped explicitly,
> + * since the corresponding I2C registers have been moved around. TPM_LOC_SEL is
> + * only defined for I2C TPMs and is also mapped explicitly here to distinguish
> + * it from TPM_ACCESS(0).
> + *
> + * Locality information is ignored, since this driver assumes exclusive access
> + * to the TPM and always uses locality 0.
> + */
> +static u8 tpm_tis_i2c_address_to_register(u32 addr)
> +{
> + addr &= TPM_TIS_REGISTER_MASK;
> +
> + switch (addr) {
> + case TPM_ACCESS(0):
> + return TPM_I2C_ACCESS;
> + case TPM_LOC_SEL:
> + return TPM_I2C_LOC_SEL;
> + case TPM_DID_VID(0):
> + return TPM_I2C_DID_VID;
> + case TPM_RID(0):
> + return TPM_I2C_RID;
> + default:
> + return addr;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_retry_transfer_until_ack(struct tpm_tis_data *data,
> + struct i2c_msg *msg)
> +{
> + struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy *phy = to_tpm_tis_i2c_phy(data);
> + bool guard_time;
> + int i = 0;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (msg->flags & I2C_M_RD)
> + guard_time = phy->guard_time_read;
> + else
> + guard_time = phy->guard_time_write;
> +
> + do {
> + ret = i2c_transfer(phy->i2c_client->adapter, msg, 1);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + usleep_range(GUARD_TIME_ERR_MIN, GUARD_TIME_ERR_MAX);
> + else if (guard_time)
> + usleep_range(phy->guard_time_min, phy->guard_time_max);
> + /* retry on TPM NACK */
> + } while (ret < 0 && i++ < TPM_RETRY);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/* Check that bits which must be read zero are not set */
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_sanity_check_read(u8 reg, u16 len, u8 *buf)
> +{
> + u32 zero_mask;
> + u32 value;
> +
> + switch (len) {
> + case sizeof(u8):
> + value = buf[0];
> + break;
> + case sizeof(u16):
> + value = le16_to_cpup((__le16 *)buf);
> + break;
> + case sizeof(u32):
> + value = le32_to_cpup((__le32 *)buf);
> + break;
> + default:
> + /* unknown length, skip check */
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + switch (reg) {
> + case TPM_I2C_ACCESS:
> + zero_mask = TPM_ACCESS_READ_ZERO;
> + break;
> + case TPM_INT_ENABLE(0) & TPM_TIS_REGISTER_MASK:
> + zero_mask = TPM_INT_ENABLE_ZERO;
> + break;
> + case TPM_STS(0) & TPM_TIS_REGISTER_MASK:
> + zero_mask = TPM_STS_READ_ZERO;
> + break;
> + case TPM_INTF_CAPS(0) & TPM_TIS_REGISTER_MASK:
> + zero_mask = TPM_INTF_CAPABILITY_ZERO;
> + break;
> + case TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY:
> + zero_mask = TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY_ZERO;
> + break;
> + default:
> + /* unknown register, skip check */
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (unlikely((value & zero_mask) != 0x00)) {
> + pr_debug("TPM I2C read of register 0x%02x failed sanity check: 0x%x\n", reg, value);
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_read_bytes(struct tpm_tis_data *data, u32 addr, u16 len,
> + u8 *result, enum tpm_tis_io_mode io_mode)
> +{
> + struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy *phy = to_tpm_tis_i2c_phy(data);
> + struct i2c_msg msg = { .addr = phy->i2c_client->addr };
> + u8 reg = tpm_tis_i2c_address_to_register(addr);
> + int i;
> + int ret;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < TPM_RETRY; i++) {
> + /* write register */
> + msg.len = sizeof(reg);
> + msg.buf = &reg;
> + msg.flags = 0;
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_retry_transfer_until_ack(data, &msg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + /* read data */
> + msg.buf = result;
> + msg.len = len;
> + msg.flags = I2C_M_RD;
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_retry_transfer_until_ack(data, &msg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_sanity_check_read(reg, len, result);
> + if (ret == 0)
> + return 0;
> +
> + usleep_range(GUARD_TIME_ERR_MIN, GUARD_TIME_ERR_MAX);
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_write_bytes(struct tpm_tis_data *data, u32 addr, u16 len,
> + const u8 *value,
> + enum tpm_tis_io_mode io_mode)
> +{
> + struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy *phy = to_tpm_tis_i2c_phy(data);
> + struct i2c_msg msg = { .addr = phy->i2c_client->addr };
> + u8 reg = tpm_tis_i2c_address_to_register(addr);
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (len > TPM_BUFSIZE - 1)
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + /* write register and data in one go */
> + phy->io_buf[0] = reg;
> + memcpy(phy->io_buf + sizeof(reg), value, len);
> +
> + msg.len = sizeof(reg) + len;
> + msg.buf = phy->io_buf;
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_retry_transfer_until_ack(data, &msg);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_verify_crc(struct tpm_tis_data *data, size_t len,
> + const u8 *value)
> +{
> + u16 crc_tpm, crc_host;
> + int rc;
> +
> + rc = tpm_tis_read16(data, TPM_DATA_CSUM, &crc_tpm);
> + if (rc < 0)
> + return rc;
> +
> + /* reflect crc result, regardless of host endianness */
> + crc_host = swab16(crc_ccitt(0, value, len));
> + if (crc_tpm != crc_host)
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Guard Time:
> + * After each I2C operation, the TPM might require the master to wait.
> + * The time period is vendor-specific and must be read from the
> + * TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY register.
> + *
> + * Before the Guard Time is read (or after the TPM failed to send an I2C NACK),
> + * a Guard Time of 250µs applies.
> + *
> + * Various flags in the same register indicate if a guard time is needed:
> + * - SR: <I2C read with repeated start> <guard time> <I2C read>
> + * - RR: <I2C read> <guard time> <I2C read>
> + * - RW: <I2C read> <guard time> <I2C write>
> + * - WR: <I2C write> <guard time> <I2C read>
> + * - WW: <I2C write> <guard time> <I2C write>
> + *
> + * See TCG PC Client PTP Specification v1.04, 8.1.10 GUARD_TIME
> + */
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_init_guard_time(struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy *phy)
> +{
> + u32 i2c_caps;
> + int ret;
> +
> + phy->guard_time_read = true;
> + phy->guard_time_write = true;
> + phy->guard_time_min = GUARD_TIME_DEFAULT_MIN;
> + phy->guard_time_max = GUARD_TIME_DEFAULT_MAX;
> +
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_read_bytes(&phy->priv, TPM_I2C_INTERFACE_CAPABILITY,
> + sizeof(i2c_caps), (u8 *)&i2c_caps,
> + TPM_TIS_PHYS_32);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + phy->guard_time_read = (i2c_caps & TPM_GUARD_TIME_RR_MASK) ||
> + (i2c_caps & TPM_GUARD_TIME_RW_MASK);
> + phy->guard_time_write = (i2c_caps & TPM_GUARD_TIME_WR_MASK) ||
> + (i2c_caps & TPM_GUARD_TIME_WW_MASK);
> + phy->guard_time_min = (i2c_caps & TPM_GUARD_TIME_MIN_MASK) >>
> + TPM_GUARD_TIME_MIN_SHIFT;
> + /* guard_time_max = guard_time_min * 1.2 */
> + phy->guard_time_max = phy->guard_time_min + phy->guard_time_min / 5;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(tpm_tis_pm, tpm_pm_suspend, tpm_tis_resume);
> +
> +static const struct tpm_tis_phy_ops tpm_i2c_phy_ops = {
> + .read_bytes = tpm_tis_i2c_read_bytes,
> + .write_bytes = tpm_tis_i2c_write_bytes,
> + .verify_crc = tpm_tis_i2c_verify_crc,
> +};
> +
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_probe(struct i2c_client *dev,
> + const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> +{
> + struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy *phy;
> + const u8 crc_enable = 1;
> + const u8 locality = 0;
> + int ret;
> +
> + phy = devm_kzalloc(&dev->dev, sizeof(struct tpm_tis_i2c_phy),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!phy)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + phy->io_buf = devm_kzalloc(&dev->dev, TPM_BUFSIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!phy->io_buf)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + phy->i2c_client = dev;
> +
> + /* must precede all communication with the tpm */
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_init_guard_time(phy);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_write_bytes(&phy->priv, TPM_LOC_SEL, sizeof(locality),
> + &locality, TPM_TIS_PHYS_8);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = tpm_tis_i2c_write_bytes(&phy->priv, TPM_I2C_DATA_CSUM_ENABLE,
> + sizeof(crc_enable), &crc_enable,
> + TPM_TIS_PHYS_8);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return tpm_tis_core_init(&dev->dev, &phy->priv, -1, &tpm_i2c_phy_ops,
> + NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static int tpm_tis_i2c_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> + struct tpm_chip *chip = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> +
> + tpm_chip_unregister(chip);
> + tpm_tis_remove(chip);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_device_id tpm_tis_i2c_id[] = {
> + { "tpm_tis_i2c", 0 },
> + {}
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, tpm_tis_i2c_id);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OF
> +static const struct of_device_id of_tis_i2c_match[] = {
> + { .compatible = "infineon,slb9673", },
> + {}
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, of_tis_i2c_match);
> +#endif
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver tpm_tis_i2c_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .name = "tpm_tis_i2c",
> + .pm = &tpm_tis_pm,
> + .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(of_tis_i2c_match),
> + },
> + .probe = tpm_tis_i2c_probe,
> + .remove = tpm_tis_i2c_remove,
> + .id_table = tpm_tis_i2c_id,
> +};
> +module_i2c_driver(tpm_tis_i2c_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TPM Driver for native I2C access");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> --
> 2.25.1
>

Looks decent, has anyone been able to test this?

BR, Jarkko

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