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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/9] mm/demotion: Add support for explicit memory tiers
Hello,

On Wed, Jun 08, 2022 at 10:11:31AM -0400, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 03, 2022 at 07:12:29PM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
> > @@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> > +#ifndef _LINUX_MEMORY_TIERS_H
> > +#define _LINUX_MEMORY_TIERS_H
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_TIERED_MEMORY
> > +
> > +#define MEMORY_TIER_HBM_GPU 0
> > +#define MEMORY_TIER_DRAM 1
> > +#define MEMORY_TIER_PMEM 2
> > +
> > +#define MEMORY_RANK_HBM_GPU 300
> > +#define MEMORY_RANK_DRAM 200
> > +#define MEMORY_RANK_PMEM 100
> > +
> > +#define DEFAULT_MEMORY_TIER MEMORY_TIER_DRAM
> > +#define MAX_MEMORY_TIERS 3
>
> I understand the names are somewhat arbitrary, and the tier ID space
> can be expanded down the line by bumping MAX_MEMORY_TIERS.
>
> But starting out with a packed ID space can get quite awkward for
> users when new tiers - especially intermediate tiers - show up in
> existing configurations. I mentioned in the other email that DRAM !=
> DRAM, so new tiers seem inevitable already.
>
> It could make sense to start with a bigger address space and spread
> out the list of kernel default tiers a bit within it:
>
> MEMORY_TIER_GPU 0
> MEMORY_TIER_DRAM 10
> MEMORY_TIER_PMEM 20

Forgive me if I'm asking a question that has been answered. I went
back to earlier threads and couldn't work it out - maybe there were
some off-list discussions? Anyway...

Why is there a distinction between tier ID and rank? I undestand that
rank was added because tier IDs were too few. But if rank determines
ordering, what is the use of a separate tier ID? IOW, why not make the
tier ID space wider and have the kernel pick a few spread out defaults
based on known hardware, with plenty of headroom to be future proof.

$ ls tiers
100 # DEFAULT_TIER
$ cat tiers/100/nodelist
0-1 # conventional numa nodes

<pmem is onlined>

$ grep . tiers/*/nodelist
tiers/100/nodelist:0-1 # conventional numa
tiers/200/nodelist:2 # pmem

$ grep . nodes/*/tier
nodes/0/tier:100
nodes/1/tier:100
nodes/2/tier:200

<unknown device is online as node 3, defaults to 100>

$ grep . tiers/*/nodelist
tiers/100/nodelist:0-1,3
tiers/200/nodelist:2

$ echo 300 >nodes/3/tier
$ grep . tiers/*/nodelist
tiers/100/nodelist:0-1
tiers/200/nodelist:2
tiers/300/nodelist:3

$ echo 200 >nodes/3/tier
$ grep . tiers/*/nodelist
tiers/100/nodelist:0-1
tiers/200/nodelist:2-3

etc.

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