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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 14/26] hugetlb: add HGM support for hugetlb_fault and hugetlb_no_page
On Wed, Jun 29, 2022 at 7:41 AM manish.mishra <manish.mishra@nutanix.com> wrote:
>
>
> On 24/06/22 11:06 pm, James Houghton wrote:
> > This CL is the first main functional HugeTLB change. Together, these
> > changes allow the HugeTLB fault path to handle faults on HGM-enabled
> > VMAs. The two main behaviors that can be done now:
> > 1. Faults can be passed to handle_userfault. (Userspace will want to
> > use UFFD_FEATURE_REAL_ADDRESS to get the real address to know which
> > region they should be call UFFDIO_CONTINUE on later.)
> > 2. Faults on pages that have been partially mapped (and userfaultfd is
> > not being used) will get mapped at the largest possible size.
> > For example, if a 1G page has been partially mapped at 2M, and we
> > fault on an unmapped 2M section, hugetlb_no_page will create a 2M
> > PMD to map the faulting address.
> >
> > This commit does not handle hugetlb_wp right now, and it doesn't handle
> > HugeTLB page migration and swap entries.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: James Houghton <jthoughton@google.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/hugetlb.h | 12 ++++
> > mm/hugetlb.c | 121 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> > 2 files changed, 106 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> > index 321f5745d87f..ac4ac8fbd901 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
> > @@ -1185,6 +1185,9 @@ enum split_mode {
> > #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_HIGH_GRANULARITY_MAPPING
> > /* If HugeTLB high-granularity mappings are enabled for this VMA. */
> > bool hugetlb_hgm_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
> > +int hugetlb_alloc_largest_pte(struct hugetlb_pte *hpte, struct mm_struct *mm,
> > + struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> > + unsigned long end);
> > int huge_pte_alloc_high_granularity(struct hugetlb_pte *hpte,
> > struct mm_struct *mm,
> > struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > @@ -1197,6 +1200,15 @@ static inline bool hugetlb_hgm_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> > {
> > return false;
> > }
> > +
> > +static inline
> > +int hugetlb_alloc_largest_pte(struct hugetlb_pte *hpte, struct mm_struct *mm,
> > + struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> > + unsigned long end)
> > +{
> > + BUG();
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline int huge_pte_alloc_high_granularity(struct hugetlb_pte *hpte,
> > struct mm_struct *mm,
> > struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
> > index 6e0c5fbfe32c..da30621656b8 100644
> > --- a/mm/hugetlb.c
> > +++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
> > @@ -5605,18 +5605,24 @@ static inline vm_fault_t hugetlb_handle_userfault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t idx,
> > - unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep,
> > + unsigned long address, struct hugetlb_pte *hpte,
> > pte_t old_pte, unsigned int flags)
> > {
> > struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma);
> > vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> > int anon_rmap = 0;
> > unsigned long size;
> > - struct page *page;
> > + struct page *page, *subpage;
> > pte_t new_pte;
> > spinlock_t *ptl;
> > unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h);
> > + unsigned long haddr_hgm = address & hugetlb_pte_mask(hpte);
> > bool new_page, new_pagecache_page = false;
> > + /*
> > + * This page is getting mapped for the first time, in which case we
> > + * want to increment its mapcount.
> > + */
> > + bool new_mapping = hpte->shift == huge_page_shift(h);
> >
> > /*
> > * Currently, we are forced to kill the process in the event the
> > @@ -5665,9 +5671,9 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > * here. Before returning error, get ptl and make
> > * sure there really is no pte entry.
> > */
> > - ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep);
> > + ptl = hugetlb_pte_lock(mm, hpte);
> > ret = 0;
> > - if (huge_pte_none(huge_ptep_get(ptep)))
> > + if (hugetlb_pte_none(hpte))
> > ret = vmf_error(PTR_ERR(page));
> > spin_unlock(ptl);
> > goto out;
> > @@ -5731,18 +5737,25 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > vma_end_reservation(h, vma, haddr);
> > }
> >
> > - ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep);
> > + ptl = hugetlb_pte_lock(mm, hpte);
> > ret = 0;
> > /* If pte changed from under us, retry */
> > - if (!pte_same(huge_ptep_get(ptep), old_pte))
> > + if (!pte_same(hugetlb_ptep_get(hpte), old_pte))
> > goto backout;
> >
> > - if (anon_rmap) {
> > - ClearHPageRestoreReserve(page);
> > - hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, haddr);
> > - } else
> > - page_dup_file_rmap(page, true);
> > - new_pte = make_huge_pte(vma, page, ((vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
> > + if (new_mapping) {
> > + /* Only increment this page's mapcount if we are mapping it
> > + * for the first time.
> > + */
> > + if (anon_rmap) {
> > + ClearHPageRestoreReserve(page);
> > + hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, haddr);
> > + } else
> > + page_dup_file_rmap(page, true);
> > + }
> > +
> > + subpage = hugetlb_find_subpage(h, page, haddr_hgm);
>
> sorry did not understand why make_huge_pte we may be mapping just PAGE_SIZE
>
> too here.
>

This should be make_huge_pte_with_shift(), with shift =
hugetlb_pte_shift(hpte). Thanks.

> > + new_pte = make_huge_pte(vma, subpage, ((vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
> > && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)));
> > /*
> > * If this pte was previously wr-protected, keep it wr-protected even
> > @@ -5750,12 +5763,13 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > */
> > if (unlikely(pte_marker_uffd_wp(old_pte)))
> > new_pte = huge_pte_wrprotect(huge_pte_mkuffd_wp(new_pte));
> > - set_huge_pte_at(mm, haddr, ptep, new_pte);
> > + set_huge_pte_at(mm, haddr_hgm, hpte->ptep, new_pte);
> >
> > - hugetlb_count_add(pages_per_huge_page(h), mm);
> > + hugetlb_count_add(hugetlb_pte_size(hpte) / PAGE_SIZE, mm);
> > if ((flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) {
> > + BUG_ON(hugetlb_pte_size(hpte) != huge_page_size(h));
> > /* Optimization, do the COW without a second fault */
> > - ret = hugetlb_wp(mm, vma, address, ptep, flags, page, ptl);
> > + ret = hugetlb_wp(mm, vma, address, hpte->ptep, flags, page, ptl);
> > }
> >
> > spin_unlock(ptl);
> > @@ -5816,11 +5830,15 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > u32 hash;
> > pgoff_t idx;
> > struct page *page = NULL;
> > + struct page *subpage = NULL;
> > struct page *pagecache_page = NULL;
> > struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma);
> > struct address_space *mapping;
> > int need_wait_lock = 0;
> > unsigned long haddr = address & huge_page_mask(h);
> > + unsigned long haddr_hgm;
> > + bool hgm_enabled = hugetlb_hgm_enabled(vma);
> > + struct hugetlb_pte hpte;
> >
> > ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h));
> > if (ptep) {
> > @@ -5866,11 +5884,22 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx);
> > mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
> >
> > - entry = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
> > + hugetlb_pte_populate(&hpte, ptep, huge_page_shift(h));
> > +
> > + if (hgm_enabled) {
> > + ret = hugetlb_walk_to(mm, &hpte, address,
> > + PAGE_SIZE, /*stop_at_none=*/true);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + ret = vmf_error(ret);
> > + goto out_mutex;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + entry = hugetlb_ptep_get(&hpte);
> > /* PTE markers should be handled the same way as none pte */
> > - if (huge_pte_none_mostly(entry)) {
> > - ret = hugetlb_no_page(mm, vma, mapping, idx, address, ptep,
> > - entry, flags);
> > + if (hugetlb_pte_none_mostly(&hpte)) {
> > + ret = hugetlb_no_page(mm, vma, mapping, idx, address, &hpte,
> > + entry, flags);
> > goto out_mutex;
> > }
> >
> > @@ -5908,14 +5937,17 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > vma, haddr);
> > }
> >
> > - ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep);
> > + ptl = hugetlb_pte_lock(mm, &hpte);
> >
> > /* Check for a racing update before calling hugetlb_wp() */
> > - if (unlikely(!pte_same(entry, huge_ptep_get(ptep))))
> > + if (unlikely(!pte_same(entry, hugetlb_ptep_get(&hpte))))
> > goto out_ptl;
> >
> > + /* haddr_hgm is the base address of the region that hpte maps. */
> > + haddr_hgm = address & hugetlb_pte_mask(&hpte);
> > +
> > /* Handle userfault-wp first, before trying to lock more pages */
> > - if (userfaultfd_wp(vma) && huge_pte_uffd_wp(huge_ptep_get(ptep)) &&
> > + if (userfaultfd_wp(vma) && huge_pte_uffd_wp(hugetlb_ptep_get(&hpte)) &&
> > (flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !huge_pte_write(entry)) {
> > struct vm_fault vmf = {
> > .vma = vma,
> > @@ -5939,7 +5971,8 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > * pagecache_page, so here we need take the former one
> > * when page != pagecache_page or !pagecache_page.
> > */
> > - page = pte_page(entry);
> > + subpage = pte_page(entry);
> > + page = compound_head(subpage);
> > if (page != pagecache_page)
> > if (!trylock_page(page)) {
> > need_wait_lock = 1;
> > @@ -5950,7 +5983,8 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> >
> > if (flags & (FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_UNSHARE)) {
> > if (!huge_pte_write(entry)) {
> > - ret = hugetlb_wp(mm, vma, address, ptep, flags,
> > + BUG_ON(hugetlb_pte_size(&hpte) != huge_page_size(h));
>
> is it in respect to fact that userfault_wp is not support with HGM mapping currently? Not
>
> sure yet though how it is controlled may be next patches will have more details.

Yeah this BUG_ON is just because I haven't implemented support for
userfaultfd_wp yet (userfaultfd_wp for HugeTLB was added pretty
recently, while I was working on this patch series). I'll improve WP
support for the next version.

>
> > + ret = hugetlb_wp(mm, vma, address, hpte.ptep, flags,
> > pagecache_page, ptl);
> > goto out_put_page;
> > } else if (likely(flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) {
> > @@ -5958,9 +5992,9 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > }
> > }
> > entry = pte_mkyoung(entry);
> > - if (huge_ptep_set_access_flags(vma, haddr, ptep, entry,
> > + if (huge_ptep_set_access_flags(vma, haddr_hgm, hpte.ptep, entry,
> > flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE))
> > - update_mmu_cache(vma, haddr, ptep);
> > + update_mmu_cache(vma, haddr_hgm, hpte.ptep);
> > out_put_page:
> > if (page != pagecache_page)
> > unlock_page(page);
> > @@ -6951,7 +6985,8 @@ pte_t *huge_pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > pte = (pte_t *)pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
> > }
> > }
> > - BUG_ON(pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_huge(*pte));
> > + if (!hugetlb_hgm_enabled(vma))
> > + BUG_ON(pte && pte_present(*pte) && !pte_huge(*pte));
> >
> > return pte;
> > }
> > @@ -7057,6 +7092,38 @@ static unsigned int __shift_for_hstate(struct hstate *h)
> > (tmp_h) <= &hstates[hugetlb_max_hstate]; \
> > (tmp_h)++)
> >
> > +/*
> > + * Allocate a HugeTLB PTE that maps as much of [start, end) as possible with a
> > + * single page table entry. The allocated HugeTLB PTE is returned in hpte.
> > + */
>
> Will it be used for madvise_collapase? If so will it make sense to keep it in different patch
>
> as this one title says just for handle_page_fault routines.

This is used by userfaultfd/UFFDIO_CONTINUE -- I will move this diff
to the patch that uses it (certainly shouldn't be in this patch).

>
> > +int hugetlb_alloc_largest_pte(struct hugetlb_pte *hpte, struct mm_struct *mm,
> > + struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
> > + unsigned long end)
> > +{
> > + struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma), *tmp_h;
> > + unsigned int shift;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + for_each_hgm_shift(h, tmp_h, shift) {
> > + unsigned long sz = 1UL << shift;
> > +
> > + if (!IS_ALIGNED(start, sz) || start + sz > end)
> > + continue;
> > + ret = huge_pte_alloc_high_granularity(hpte, mm, vma, start,
> > + shift, HUGETLB_SPLIT_NONE,
> > + /*write_locked=*/false);
> > + if (ret)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + if (hpte->shift > shift)
> > + return -EEXIST;
> > +
> > + BUG_ON(hpte->shift != shift);
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +}
> > +
> > /*
> > * Given a particular address, split the HugeTLB PTE that currently maps it
> > * so that, for the given address, the PTE that maps it is `desired_shift`.

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