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SubjectRe: [PATCH v15 5/6] arm64: Create a list of SYM_CODE functions, check return PC against list
On Fri, Jun 17, 2022 at 04:07:16PM -0500, madvenka@linux.microsoft.com wrote:
> From: "Madhavan T. Venkataraman" <madvenka@linux.microsoft.com>
>
> SYM_CODE functions don't follow the usual calling conventions. Check if the
> return PC in a stack frame falls in any of these. If it does, consider the
> stack trace unreliable.
>
> Define a special section for unreliable functions
> =================================================
>
> Define a SYM_CODE_END() macro for arm64 that adds the function address
> range to a new section called "sym_code_functions".
>
> Linker file
> ===========
>
> Include the "sym_code_functions" section under read-only data in
> vmlinux.lds.S.
>
> Initialization
> ==============
>
> Define an early_initcall() to create a sym_code_functions[] array from
> the linker data.
>
> Unwinder check
> ==============
>
> Add a reliability check in unwind_check_reliability() that compares a
> return PC with sym_code_functions[]. If there is a match, then return
> failure.
>
> Signed-off-by: Madhavan T. Venkataraman <madvenka@linux.microsoft.com>
> Reviewed-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h | 11 +++++++
> arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h | 1 +
> arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 10 ++++++
> 4 files changed, 77 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h
> index 43f8c25b3fda..d4058de4af78 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/linkage.h
> @@ -39,4 +39,15 @@
> SYM_START(name, SYM_L_WEAK, SYM_A_NONE) \
> bti c ;
>
> +/*
> + * Record the address range of each SYM_CODE function in a struct code_range
> + * in a special section.
> + */
> +#define SYM_CODE_END(name) \
> + SYM_END(name, SYM_T_NONE) ;\
> +99: .pushsection "sym_code_functions", "aw" ;\
> + .quad name ;\
> + .quad 99b ;\
> + .popsection
> +
> #endif
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
> index 40971ac1303f..50cfd1083563 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sections.h
> @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ extern char __irqentry_text_start[], __irqentry_text_end[];
> extern char __mmuoff_data_start[], __mmuoff_data_end[];
> extern char __entry_tramp_text_start[], __entry_tramp_text_end[];
> extern char __relocate_new_kernel_start[], __relocate_new_kernel_end[];
> +extern char __sym_code_functions_start[], __sym_code_functions_end[];
>
> static inline size_t entry_tramp_text_size(void)
> {
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
> index 5ef2ce217324..eda8581f7dbe 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
> @@ -62,6 +62,31 @@ struct unwind_state {
> bool reliable;
> };
>
> +struct code_range {
> + unsigned long start;
> + unsigned long end;
> +};
> +
> +static struct code_range *sym_code_functions;
> +static int num_sym_code_functions;
> +
> +int __init init_sym_code_functions(void)
> +{
> + size_t size = (unsigned long)__sym_code_functions_end -
> + (unsigned long)__sym_code_functions_start;
> +
> + sym_code_functions = (struct code_range *)__sym_code_functions_start;
> + /*
> + * Order it so that sym_code_functions is not visible before
> + * num_sym_code_functions.
> + */
> + smp_mb();
> + num_sym_code_functions = size / sizeof(struct code_range);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +early_initcall(init_sym_code_functions);

There's no reason to need an initcall for this; we can iterate over this
directly using __sym_code_functions_start and __sym_code_functions_end, like we
do for exception tables today.

For example:

static inline bool pc_is_sym_code(unsigned long pc)
{
extern struct code_range *__sym_code_functions_start;
extern struct code_range *__sym_code_functions_end;

struct code_range *r;

for (r = __sym_code_functions_start; r < __sym_code_functions_end; r++) {
if (pc >= r->start && pc < r->end)
return true;
}

return false;
}

Thanks,
Mark.

> +
> static void unwind_init_common(struct unwind_state *state,
> struct task_struct *task)
> {
> @@ -251,6 +276,10 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(unwind_next);
> */
> static void unwind_check_reliability(struct unwind_state *state)
> {
> + const struct code_range *range;
> + unsigned long pc;
> + int i;
> +
> if (state->fp == state->final_fp) {
> /* Final frame; no more unwind, no need to check reliability */
> return;
> @@ -263,6 +292,32 @@ static void unwind_check_reliability(struct unwind_state *state)
> */
> if (!__kernel_text_address(state->pc))
> state->reliable = false;
> +
> + /*
> + * Check the return PC against sym_code_functions[]. If there is a
> + * match, then the consider the stack frame unreliable.
> + *
> + * As SYM_CODE functions don't follow the usual calling conventions,
> + * we assume by default that any SYM_CODE function cannot be unwound
> + * reliably.
> + *
> + * Note that this includes:
> + *
> + * - Exception handlers and entry assembly
> + * - Trampoline assembly (e.g., ftrace, kprobes)
> + * - Hypervisor-related assembly
> + * - Hibernation-related assembly
> + * - CPU start-stop, suspend-resume assembly
> + * - Kernel relocation assembly
> + */
> + pc = state->pc;
> + for (i = 0; i < num_sym_code_functions; i++) {
> + range = &sym_code_functions[i];
> + if (pc >= range->start && pc < range->end) {
> + state->reliable = false;
> + return;
> + }
> + }
> }
>
> static bool notrace unwind(struct unwind_state *state,
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> index 2d4a8f995175..414dbc82d0a6 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> @@ -120,6 +120,14 @@ jiffies = jiffies_64;
> #define TRAMP_TEXT
> #endif
>
> +#define SYM_CODE_FUNCTIONS \
> + . = ALIGN(16); \
> + .symcode : AT(ADDR(.symcode) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
> + __sym_code_functions_start = .; \
> + KEEP(*(sym_code_functions)) \
> + __sym_code_functions_end = .; \
> + }
> +
> /*
> * The size of the PE/COFF section that covers the kernel image, which
> * runs from _stext to _edata, must be a round multiple of the PE/COFF
> @@ -212,6 +220,8 @@ SECTIONS
> swapper_pg_dir = .;
> . += PAGE_SIZE;
>
> + SYM_CODE_FUNCTIONS
> +
> . = ALIGN(SEGMENT_ALIGN);
> __init_begin = .;
> __inittext_begin = .;
> --
> 2.25.1
>

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