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SubjectRe: [PATCH v15 3/6] arm64: Make the unwind loop in unwind() similar to other architectures
On Fri, Jun 17, 2022 at 04:07:14PM -0500, madvenka@linux.microsoft.com wrote:
> From: "Madhavan T. Venkataraman" <madvenka@linux.microsoft.com>
>
> Change the loop in unwind()
> ===========================
>
> Change the unwind loop in unwind() to:
>
> while (unwind_continue(state, consume_entry, cookie))
> unwind_next(state);
>
> This is easy to understand and maintain.
> New function unwind_continue()
> ==============================
>
> Define a new function unwind_continue() that is used in the unwind loop
> to check for conditions that terminate a stack trace.
>
> The conditions checked are:
>
> - If the bottom of the stack (final frame) has been reached,
> terminate.
>
> - If the consume_entry() function returns false, the caller of
> unwind has asked to terminate the stack trace. So, terminate.
>
> - If unwind_next() failed for some reason (like stack corruption),
> terminate.

I'm a bit confused as to why this structure, since AFAICT this doesn't match
other architectures (looking at x86, powerpc, and s390). I note that x86 has:

* In arch_stack_walk():

for (unwind_start(&state, task, regs, NULL); !unwind_done(&state);
unwind_next_frame(&state)) {
...
if (!consume_entry(...))
break;
...
}

* In arch_stack_walk_reliable():

for (unwind_start(&state, task, NULL, NULL);
!unwind_done(&state) && !unwind_error(&state);
unwind_next_frame(&state)) {
...
if (!consume_entry(...)
return -EINVAL;
}

... and back in v6 I suggeted exactly that shape:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20210728165635.GA47345@C02TD0UTHF1T.local/

>
> Do not return an error value from unwind_next()
> ===============================================
>
> We want to check for terminating conditions only in unwind_continue() from
> the unwinder loop. So, do not return an error value from unwind_next().
> Simply set a flag in unwind_state and check the flag in unwind_continue().

I'm fine with the concept of moving ghe return value out of unwind_next() (e.g.
if we go with an x86-like structure), but I don't think that we should
centralize the other checks *and* the consumption within unwind_continue(), as
I think those are two separate things.

>
> Final FP
> ========
>
> Introduce a new field "final_fp" in "struct unwind_state". Initialize this
> to the final frame of the stack trace:
>
> task_pt_regs(task)->stackframe
>
> This is where the stacktrace must terminate if it is successful. Add an
> explicit comment to that effect.

Can we please make this change as a preparatory step, as with the 'task' field?

We can wrap this in a helper like:

static bool is_final_frame(struct unwind state *state)
{
return state->fp == state->final_fp;
}

... and use that in the main loop.

Thanks,
Mark.

>
> Signed-off-by: Madhavan T. Venkataraman <madvenka@linux.microsoft.com>
> Reviewed-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> ---
> arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> 1 file changed, 52 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
> index 8e43444d50e2..c749129aba5a 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
> @@ -40,6 +40,10 @@
> * value.
> *
> * @task: The task being unwound.
> + *
> + * @final_fp: Pointer to the final frame.
> + *
> + * @failed: Unwind failed.
> */
> struct unwind_state {
> unsigned long fp;
> @@ -51,6 +55,8 @@ struct unwind_state {
> struct llist_node *kr_cur;
> #endif
> struct task_struct *task;
> + unsigned long final_fp;
> + bool failed;
> };
>
> static void unwind_init_common(struct unwind_state *state,
> @@ -73,6 +79,10 @@ static void unwind_init_common(struct unwind_state *state,
> bitmap_zero(state->stacks_done, __NR_STACK_TYPES);
> state->prev_fp = 0;
> state->prev_type = STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN;
> + state->failed = false;
> +
> + /* Stack trace terminates here. */
> + state->final_fp = (unsigned long)task_pt_regs(task)->stackframe;
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -126,6 +136,25 @@ static inline void unwind_init_from_task(struct unwind_state *state,
> state->pc = thread_saved_pc(task);
> }
>
> +static bool notrace unwind_continue(struct unwind_state *state,
> + stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry,
> + void *cookie)
> +{
> + if (state->failed) {
> + /* PC is suspect. Cannot consume it. */
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> + if (!consume_entry(cookie, state->pc)) {
> + /* Caller terminated the unwind. */
> + state->failed = true;
> + return false;
> + }
> +
> + return state->fp != state->final_fp;
> +}
> +NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(unwind_continue);
> +
> /*
> * Unwind from one frame record (A) to the next frame record (B).
> *
> @@ -133,24 +162,26 @@ static inline void unwind_init_from_task(struct unwind_state *state,
> * records (e.g. a cycle), determined based on the location and fp value of A
> * and the location (but not the fp value) of B.
> */
> -static int notrace unwind_next(struct unwind_state *state)
> +static void notrace unwind_next(struct unwind_state *state)
> {
> struct task_struct *tsk = state->task;
> unsigned long fp = state->fp;
> struct stack_info info;
>
> - /* Final frame; nothing to unwind */
> - if (fp == (unsigned long)task_pt_regs(tsk)->stackframe)
> - return -ENOENT;
> -
> - if (fp & 0x7)
> - return -EINVAL;
> + if (fp & 0x7) {
> + state->failed = true;
> + return;
> + }
>
> - if (!on_accessible_stack(tsk, fp, 16, &info))
> - return -EINVAL;
> + if (!on_accessible_stack(tsk, fp, 16, &info)) {
> + state->failed = true;
> + return;
> + }

>
> - if (test_bit(info.type, state->stacks_done))
> - return -EINVAL;
> + if (test_bit(info.type, state->stacks_done)) {
> + state->failed = true;
> + return;
> + }
>
> /*
> * As stacks grow downward, any valid record on the same stack must be
> @@ -166,8 +197,10 @@ static int notrace unwind_next(struct unwind_state *state)
> * stack.
> */
> if (info.type == state->prev_type) {
> - if (fp <= state->prev_fp)
> - return -EINVAL;
> + if (fp <= state->prev_fp) {
> + state->failed = true;
> + return;
> + }
> } else {
> set_bit(state->prev_type, state->stacks_done);
> }
> @@ -195,8 +228,10 @@ static int notrace unwind_next(struct unwind_state *state)
> */
> orig_pc = ftrace_graph_ret_addr(tsk, NULL, state->pc,
> (void *)state->fp);
> - if (WARN_ON_ONCE(state->pc == orig_pc))
> - return -EINVAL;
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(state->pc == orig_pc)) {
> + state->failed = true;
> + return;
> + }
> state->pc = orig_pc;
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER */
> @@ -204,23 +239,14 @@ static int notrace unwind_next(struct unwind_state *state)
> if (is_kretprobe_trampoline(state->pc))
> state->pc = kretprobe_find_ret_addr(tsk, (void *)state->fp, &state->kr_cur);
> #endif
> -
> - return 0;
> }
> NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(unwind_next);
>
> static void notrace unwind(struct unwind_state *state,
> stack_trace_consume_fn consume_entry, void *cookie)
> {
> - while (1) {
> - int ret;
> -
> - if (!consume_entry(cookie, state->pc))
> - break;
> - ret = unwind_next(state);
> - if (ret < 0)
> - break;
> - }
> + while (unwind_continue(state, consume_entry, cookie))
> + unwind_next(state);
> }
> NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(unwind);
>
> --
> 2.25.1
>

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