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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] rcu: back off on allocation failure in fill_page_cache_func
On Thu 23-06-22 20:39:50, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 22, 2022 at 08:54:22PM +0200, Uladzislau Rezki wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 22, 2022 at 01:47:11PM +0200, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > > From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> > >
> > > fill_page_cache_func allocates couple of pages to store
> > > kvfree_rcu_bulk_data. This is a lightweight (GFP_NORETRY) allocation
> > > which can fail under memory pressure. The function will, however keep
> > > retrying even when the previous attempt has failed.
> > >
> > > While this is not really incorrect there is one thing to consider. This
> > > allocation is invoked from the WQ context and that means that if the
> > > memory reclaim gets stuck it can hog the worker for quite some time.
> > > WQ concurrency is only triggered when the worker context sleeps and that
> > > is not guaranteed for __GFP_NORETRY allocation attempts (see
> > > should_reclaim_retry).
> > >
> > > We have seen WQ lockups
> > > kernel: BUG: workqueue lockup - pool cpus=93 node=1 flags=0x1 nice=0 stuck for 32s!
> > > [...]
> > > kernel: pool 74: cpus=37 node=0 flags=0x1 nice=0 hung=32s workers=2 manager: 2146
> > > kernel: pwq 498: cpus=249 node=1 flags=0x1 nice=0 active=4/256 refcnt=5
> > > kernel: in-flight: 1917:fill_page_cache_func
> > > kernel: pending: dbs_work_handler, free_work, kfree_rcu_monitor
> > >
> > > Originaly, we thought that several retries with direct reclaim being
> > > stuck is the underlying reason but we couldn't have confirmed that and
> > > have seen a similar lockups detected even without any heavy memory
> > > pressure so there is likely something else/more going on. On the other
> > > hand failing the allocation shouldn't have a big impact and from the
> > > code it is not really obvious why retrying is desirable so back off
> > > after the allocation failure.
> > >
> > > Cc: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
> > > Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>
> > > Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
> > > Cc: Neeraj Upadhyay <quic_neeraju@quicinc.com>
> > > Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
> > > Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> > > Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
> > > Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
> > > Cc: Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org>
> > > Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> > > ---
> > >
> > > Hi,
> > > I am sending this as an RFC because I couldn't prove that the WQ
> > > concurency issue as a result from the allocation retry is really a
> > > problem. On the other hand I couldn't see a good reason to retry after a
> > > previous failure. While the kswapd running in the background could have
> > > released some memory this is a not really guaranteed and mostly a
> > > wishful thinking.
> > >
> > > I do not understand the code well enough so I could be easily missing
> > > something. If the patch is a wrong thing to do then it would be really
> > > nice to add a comment why the retry is desirable and a good thing to do.
> > >
> > > The retry loop should be bound to rcu_min_cached_objs which is quite
> > > small but configurable so this can get large in some setups.
> > >
> > > Thanks
> > >
> > > kernel/rcu/tree.c | 17 +++++++++--------
> > > 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > index c25ba442044a..54a3a19c4c0b 100644
> > > --- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > @@ -3508,15 +3508,16 @@ static void fill_page_cache_func(struct work_struct *work)
> > > bnode = (struct kvfree_rcu_bulk_data *)
> > > __get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN);
> > >
> > > - if (bnode) {
> > > - raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&krcp->lock, flags);
> > > - pushed = put_cached_bnode(krcp, bnode);
> > > - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&krcp->lock, flags);
> > > + if (!bnode)
> > > + break;
> > >
> > > - if (!pushed) {
> > > - free_page((unsigned long) bnode);
> > > - break;
> > > - }
> > > + raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&krcp->lock, flags);
> > > + pushed = put_cached_bnode(krcp, bnode);
> > > + raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&krcp->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + if (!pushed) {
> > > + free_page((unsigned long) bnode);
> > > + break;
> > > }
> > > }
> > >
> > > --
> > > 2.30.2
> > >
> > OK. You would like to break the loop once an allocation does not succeed.
> > To me it also makes sense, i mean there is no reason to repeat it several
> > times that can lead to worqueue hogging.
> >
> > Reviewed-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>

Thanks for the review!

> Queued for testing and further review, thank you both!
>
> My normal process would send this not into the upcoming merge window
> (v5.20?) but instead into the next one (v6.0?). Please let me know if
> this is more urgent then that, and I will see what I can do.

No, it is not really urgent. As I've said, it turned out that there are
other contributors to the WQ stalls so this is mostly a cosmetic change.

Thanks!
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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