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Subject[PATCH v22 1/5] fpga: fpga-mgr: support bitstream offset in image buffer
Date
At the moment FPGA manager core loads to the device entire image
provided to fpga_mgr_load(). But it is not always whole FPGA image
buffer meant to be written to the device. In particular, .dat formatted
image for Microchip MPF contains meta info in the header that is not
meant to be written to the device. This is issue for those low level
drivers that loads data to the device with write() fpga_manager_ops
callback, since write() can be called in iterator over scatter-gather
table, not only linear image buffer. On the other hand, write_sg()
callback is provided with whole image in scatter-gather form and can
decide itself which part should be sent to the device.

Add header_size and data_size to the fpga_image_info struct, add
skip_header to the fpga_manager_ops struct and adjust fpga_mgr_write()
callers with respect to them.

* info->header_size indicates part at the beginning of image buffer
that contains some meta info. It is optional and can be 0,
initialized with mops->initial_header_size.

* mops->skip_header tells fpga-mgr core whether write should start
from the beginning of image buffer or at the offset of header_size.

* info->data_size is the size of bitstream data that is meant to be
written to the device. It is also optional and can be 0, which
means bitstream data is up to the end of image buffer.

Also add parse_header() callback to fpga_manager_ops, which purpose is
to set info->header_size and info->data_size. At least
initial_header_size bytes of image buffer will be passed into
parse_header() first time. If it is not enough, parse_header() should
set desired size into info->header_size and return -EAGAIN, then it will
be called again with greater part of image buffer on the input.

Suggested-by: Xu Yilun <yilun.xu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ivan Bornyakov <i.bornyakov@metrotek.ru>
---
drivers/fpga/fpga-mgr.c | 223 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
include/linux/fpga/fpga-mgr.h | 24 +++-
2 files changed, 220 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/fpga/fpga-mgr.c b/drivers/fpga/fpga-mgr.c
index 08dc85fcd511..a0fa0a2cb8af 100644
--- a/drivers/fpga/fpga-mgr.c
+++ b/drivers/fpga/fpga-mgr.c
@@ -74,6 +74,15 @@ static inline int fpga_mgr_write_complete(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
return 0;
}

+static inline int fpga_mgr_parse_header(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
+ struct fpga_image_info *info,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ if (mgr->mops->parse_header)
+ return mgr->mops->parse_header(mgr, info, buf, count);
+ return 0;
+}
+
static inline int fpga_mgr_write_init(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
struct fpga_image_info *info,
const char *buf, size_t count)
@@ -136,24 +145,141 @@ void fpga_image_info_free(struct fpga_image_info *info)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpga_image_info_free);

/*
- * Call the low level driver's write_init function. This will do the
+ * Call the low level driver's parse_header function with entire FPGA image
+ * buffer on the input. This will set info->header_size and info->data_size.
+ */
+static int fpga_mgr_parse_header_mapped(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
+ struct fpga_image_info *info,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER;
+ ret = fpga_mgr_parse_header(mgr, info, buf, count);
+
+ if (info->header_size + info->data_size > count) {
+ dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Bitsream data outruns FPGA image\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error while parsing FPGA image header\n");
+ mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER_ERR;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Call the low level driver's parse_header function with first fragment of
+ * scattered FPGA image on the input. If header fits first fragment,
+ * parse_header will set info->header_size and info->data_size. If it is not,
+ * parse_header will set desired size to info->header_size and -EAGAIN will be
+ * returned.
+ */
+static int fpga_mgr_parse_header_sg_first(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
+ struct fpga_image_info *info,
+ struct sg_table *sgt)
+{
+ struct sg_mapping_iter miter;
+ int ret;
+
+ mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER;
+
+ sg_miter_start(&miter, sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, SG_MITER_FROM_SG);
+ if (sg_miter_next(&miter) &&
+ miter.length >= info->header_size)
+ ret = fpga_mgr_parse_header(mgr, info, miter.addr, miter.length);
+ else
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ sg_miter_stop(&miter);
+
+ if (ret && ret != -EAGAIN) {
+ dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error while parsing FPGA image header\n");
+ mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER_ERR;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy scattered FPGA image fragments to temporary buffer and call the
+ * low level driver's parse_header function. This should be called after
+ * fpga_mgr_parse_header_sg_first() returned -EAGAIN. In case of success,
+ * pointer to the newly allocated image header copy will be returned and
+ * its size will be set into *ret_size. Returned buffer needs to be freed.
+ */
+static void *fpga_mgr_parse_header_sg(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
+ struct fpga_image_info *info,
+ struct sg_table *sgt, size_t *ret_size)
+{
+ size_t len, new_header_size, header_size = 0;
+ char *new_buf, *buf = NULL;
+ int ret;
+
+ do {
+ new_header_size = info->header_size;
+ if (new_header_size <= header_size) {
+ dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Requested invalid header size\n");
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ new_buf = krealloc(buf, new_header_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new_buf) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ buf = new_buf;
+
+ len = sg_pcopy_to_buffer(sgt->sgl, sgt->nents,
+ buf + header_size,
+ new_header_size - header_size,
+ header_size);
+ if (len != new_header_size - header_size) {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ header_size = new_header_size;
+ ret = fpga_mgr_parse_header(mgr, info, buf, header_size);
+ } while (ret == -EAGAIN);
+
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error while parsing FPGA image header\n");
+ mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER_ERR;
+ kfree(buf);
+ buf = ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ *ret_size = header_size;
+
+ return buf;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Call the low level driver's write_init function. This will do the
* device-specific things to get the FPGA into the state where it is ready to
- * receive an FPGA image. The low level driver only gets to see the first
- * initial_header_size bytes in the buffer.
+ * receive an FPGA image. The low level driver gets to see at least first
+ * info->header_size bytes in the buffer. If info->header_size is 0,
+ * write_init will not get any bytes of image buffer.
*/
static int fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
struct fpga_image_info *info,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
+ size_t header_size = info->header_size;
int ret;

mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT;
- if (!mgr->mops->initial_header_size) {
+
+ if (header_size > count)
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ else if (!header_size)
ret = fpga_mgr_write_init(mgr, info, NULL, 0);
- } else {
- count = min(mgr->mops->initial_header_size, count);
+ else
ret = fpga_mgr_write_init(mgr, info, buf, count);
- }

if (ret) {
dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error preparing FPGA for writing\n");
@@ -164,39 +290,50 @@ static int fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
return 0;
}

-static int fpga_mgr_write_init_sg(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
- struct fpga_image_info *info,
- struct sg_table *sgt)
+static int fpga_mgr_prepare_sg(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
+ struct fpga_image_info *info,
+ struct sg_table *sgt)
{
struct sg_mapping_iter miter;
size_t len;
char *buf;
int ret;

- if (!mgr->mops->initial_header_size)
+ /* Short path. Low level driver don't care about image header. */
+ if (!mgr->mops->initial_header_size && !mgr->mops->parse_header)
return fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(mgr, info, NULL, 0);

/*
* First try to use miter to map the first fragment to access the
* header, this is the typical path.
*/
- sg_miter_start(&miter, sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, SG_MITER_FROM_SG);
- if (sg_miter_next(&miter) &&
- miter.length >= mgr->mops->initial_header_size) {
- ret = fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(mgr, info, miter.addr,
- miter.length);
+ ret = fpga_mgr_parse_header_sg_first(mgr, info, sgt);
+ /* If 0, header fits first fragment, call write_init on it */
+ if (!ret) {
+ sg_miter_start(&miter, sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, SG_MITER_FROM_SG);
+ if (sg_miter_next(&miter)) {
+ ret = fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(mgr, info, miter.addr,
+ miter.length);
+ sg_miter_stop(&miter);
+ return ret;
+ }
sg_miter_stop(&miter);
+ /*
+ * If -EAGAIN, more sg buffer is needed,
+ * otherwise an error has occurred.
+ */
+ } else if (ret != -EAGAIN) {
return ret;
}
- sg_miter_stop(&miter);

- /* Otherwise copy the fragments into temporary memory. */
- buf = kmalloc(mgr->mops->initial_header_size, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!buf)
- return -ENOMEM;
+ /*
+ * Copy the fragments into temporary memory.
+ * Copying is done inside fpga_mgr_parse_header_sg().
+ */
+ buf = fpga_mgr_parse_header_sg(mgr, info, sgt, &len);
+ if (IS_ERR(buf))
+ return PTR_ERR(buf);

- len = sg_copy_to_buffer(sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, buf,
- mgr->mops->initial_header_size);
ret = fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(mgr, info, buf, len);

kfree(buf);
@@ -227,7 +364,7 @@ static int fpga_mgr_buf_load_sg(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
{
int ret;

- ret = fpga_mgr_write_init_sg(mgr, info, sgt);
+ ret = fpga_mgr_prepare_sg(mgr, info, sgt);
if (ret)
return ret;

@@ -236,17 +373,35 @@ static int fpga_mgr_buf_load_sg(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
if (mgr->mops->write_sg) {
ret = fpga_mgr_write_sg(mgr, sgt);
} else {
+ size_t length, count = 0, data_size = info->data_size;
struct sg_mapping_iter miter;

sg_miter_start(&miter, sgt->sgl, sgt->nents, SG_MITER_FROM_SG);
+
+ if (mgr->mops->skip_header &&
+ !sg_miter_skip(&miter, info->header_size)) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
while (sg_miter_next(&miter)) {
- ret = fpga_mgr_write(mgr, miter.addr, miter.length);
+ if (data_size)
+ length = min(miter.length, data_size - count);
+ else
+ length = miter.length;
+
+ ret = fpga_mgr_write(mgr, miter.addr, length);
if (ret)
break;
+
+ count += length;
+ if (data_size && count >= data_size)
+ break;
}
sg_miter_stop(&miter);
}

+out:
if (ret) {
dev_err(&mgr->dev, "Error while writing image data to FPGA\n");
mgr->state = FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_ERR;
@@ -262,10 +417,22 @@ static int fpga_mgr_buf_load_mapped(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
{
int ret;

+ ret = fpga_mgr_parse_header_mapped(mgr, info, buf, count);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
ret = fpga_mgr_write_init_buf(mgr, info, buf, count);
if (ret)
return ret;

+ if (mgr->mops->skip_header) {
+ buf += info->header_size;
+ count -= info->header_size;
+ }
+
+ if (info->data_size)
+ count = info->data_size;
+
/*
* Write the FPGA image to the FPGA.
*/
@@ -404,6 +571,8 @@ static int fpga_mgr_firmware_load(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
*/
int fpga_mgr_load(struct fpga_manager *mgr, struct fpga_image_info *info)
{
+ info->header_size = mgr->mops->initial_header_size;
+
if (info->sgt)
return fpga_mgr_buf_load_sg(mgr, info, info->sgt);
if (info->buf && info->count)
@@ -424,6 +593,10 @@ static const char * const state_str[] = {
[FPGA_MGR_STATE_FIRMWARE_REQ] = "firmware request",
[FPGA_MGR_STATE_FIRMWARE_REQ_ERR] = "firmware request error",

+ /* Parse FPGA image header */
+ [FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER] = "parse header",
+ [FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER_ERR] = "parse header error",
+
/* Preparing FPGA to receive image */
[FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT] = "write init",
[FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT_ERR] = "write init error",
diff --git a/include/linux/fpga/fpga-mgr.h b/include/linux/fpga/fpga-mgr.h
index 0f9468771bb9..54f63459efd6 100644
--- a/include/linux/fpga/fpga-mgr.h
+++ b/include/linux/fpga/fpga-mgr.h
@@ -22,6 +22,8 @@ struct sg_table;
* @FPGA_MGR_STATE_RESET: FPGA in reset state
* @FPGA_MGR_STATE_FIRMWARE_REQ: firmware request in progress
* @FPGA_MGR_STATE_FIRMWARE_REQ_ERR: firmware request failed
+ * @FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER: parse FPGA image header
+ * @FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER_ERR: Error during PARSE_HEADER stage
* @FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT: preparing FPGA for programming
* @FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT_ERR: Error during WRITE_INIT stage
* @FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE: writing image to FPGA
@@ -41,7 +43,9 @@ enum fpga_mgr_states {
FPGA_MGR_STATE_FIRMWARE_REQ,
FPGA_MGR_STATE_FIRMWARE_REQ_ERR,

- /* write sequence: init, write, complete */
+ /* write sequence: parse header, init, write, complete */
+ FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER,
+ FPGA_MGR_STATE_PARSE_HEADER_ERR,
FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT,
FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE_INIT_ERR,
FPGA_MGR_STATE_WRITE,
@@ -85,6 +89,9 @@ enum fpga_mgr_states {
* @sgt: scatter/gather table containing FPGA image
* @buf: contiguous buffer containing FPGA image
* @count: size of buf
+ * @header_size: size of image header.
+ * @data_size: size of image data to be sent to the device. If not specified,
+ * whole image will be used. Header may be skipped in either case.
* @region_id: id of target region
* @dev: device that owns this
* @overlay: Device Tree overlay
@@ -98,6 +105,8 @@ struct fpga_image_info {
struct sg_table *sgt;
const char *buf;
size_t count;
+ size_t header_size;
+ size_t data_size;
int region_id;
struct device *dev;
#ifdef CONFIG_OF
@@ -137,9 +146,16 @@ struct fpga_manager_info {

/**
* struct fpga_manager_ops - ops for low level fpga manager drivers
- * @initial_header_size: Maximum number of bytes that should be passed into write_init
+ * @initial_header_size: minimum number of bytes that should be passed into
+ * parse_header and write_init.
+ * @skip_header: bool flag to tell fpga-mgr core whether it should skip
+ * info->header_size part at the beginning of the image when invoking
+ * write callback.
* @state: returns an enum value of the FPGA's state
* @status: returns status of the FPGA, including reconfiguration error code
+ * @parse_header: parse FPGA image header to set info->header_size and
+ * info->data_size. In case the input buffer is not large enough, set
+ * required size to info->header_size and return -EAGAIN.
* @write_init: prepare the FPGA to receive configuration data
* @write: write count bytes of configuration data to the FPGA
* @write_sg: write the scatter list of configuration data to the FPGA
@@ -153,8 +169,12 @@ struct fpga_manager_info {
*/
struct fpga_manager_ops {
size_t initial_header_size;
+ bool skip_header;
enum fpga_mgr_states (*state)(struct fpga_manager *mgr);
u64 (*status)(struct fpga_manager *mgr);
+ int (*parse_header)(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
+ struct fpga_image_info *info,
+ const char *buf, size_t count);
int (*write_init)(struct fpga_manager *mgr,
struct fpga_image_info *info,
const char *buf, size_t count);
--
2.36.1

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