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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 06/22] x86/virt/tdx: Add skeleton to initialize TDX on demand
On Wed, Jun 22, 2022 at 11:16:29PM +1200, Kai Huang wrote:
>Before the TDX module can be used to create and run TD guests, it must
>be loaded into the isolated region pointed by the SEAMRR and properly
>initialized. The TDX module is expected to be loaded by BIOS before
>booting to the kernel, and the kernel is expected to detect and
>initialize it.
>The TDX module can be initialized only once in its lifetime. Instead
>of always initializing it at boot time, this implementation chooses an
>on-demand approach to initialize TDX until there is a real need (e.g
>when requested by KVM). This avoids consuming the memory that must be
>allocated by kernel and given to the TDX module as metadata (~1/256th of
>the TDX-usable memory), and also saves the time of initializing the TDX
>module (and the metadata) when TDX is not used at all. Initializing the
>TDX module at runtime on-demand also is more flexible to support TDX
>module runtime updating in the future (after updating the TDX module, it
>needs to be initialized again).
>Add a placeholder tdx_init() to detect and initialize the TDX module on
>demand, with a state machine protected by mutex to support concurrent
>calls from multiple callers.
>The TDX module will be initialized in multi-steps defined by the TDX
> 1) Global initialization;
> 2) Logical-CPU scope initialization;
> 3) Enumerate the TDX module capabilities and platform configuration;
> 4) Configure the TDX module about usable memory ranges and global
> KeyID information;
> 5) Package-scope configuration for the global KeyID;
> 6) Initialize usable memory ranges based on 4).
>The TDX module can also be shut down at any time during its lifetime.
>In case of any error during the initialization process, shut down the
>module. It's pointless to leave the module in any intermediate state
>during the initialization.
>Signed-off-by: Kai Huang <>

Reviewed-by: Chao Gao <>

One nit below:

>+static int __tdx_init(void)
>+ int ret;
>+ /*
>+ * Initializing the TDX module requires running some code on
>+ * all MADT-enabled CPUs. If not all MADT-enabled CPUs are
>+ * online, it's not possible to initialize the TDX module.
>+ *
>+ * For simplicity temporarily disable CPU hotplug to prevent
>+ * any CPU from going offline during the initialization.
>+ */
>+ cpus_read_lock();
>+ /*
>+ * Check whether all MADT-enabled CPUs are online and return
>+ * early with an explicit message so the user can be aware.
>+ *
>+ * Note ACPI CPU hotplug is prevented when TDX is enabled, so
>+ * num_processors always reflects all present MADT-enabled
>+ * CPUs during boot when disabled_cpus is 0.
>+ */
>+ if (disabled_cpus || num_online_cpus() != num_processors) {
>+ pr_err("Unable to initialize the TDX module when there's offline CPU(s).\n");
>+ ret = -EINVAL;
>+ goto out;
>+ }
>+ ret = init_tdx_module();
>+ if (ret == -ENODEV) {
>+ pr_info("TDX module is not loaded.\n");

tdx_module_status should be set to TDX_MODULE_NONE here.

>+ goto out;
>+ }

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