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Subject[PATCH 4.19 158/234] random: remove ratelimiting for in-kernel unseeded randomness
From: "Jason A. Donenfeld" <>

commit cc1e127bfa95b5fb2f9307e7168bf8b2b45b4c5e upstream.

The CONFIG_WARN_ALL_UNSEEDED_RANDOM debug option controls whether the
kernel warns about all unseeded randomness or just the first instance.
There's some complicated rate limiting and comparison to the previous
caller, such that even with CONFIG_WARN_ALL_UNSEEDED_RANDOM enabled,
developers still don't see all the messages or even an accurate count of
how many were missed. This is the result of basically parallel
mechanisms aimed at accomplishing more or less the same thing, added at
different points in random.c history, which sort of compete with the
first-instance-only limiting we have now.

It turns out, however, that nobody cares about the first unseeded
randomness instance of in-kernel users. The same first user has been
there for ages now, and nobody is doing anything about it. It isn't even
clear that anybody _can_ do anything about it. Most places that can do
something about it have switched over to using get_random_bytes_wait()
or wait_for_random_bytes(), which is the right thing to do, but there is
still much code that needs randomness sometimes during init, and as a
geeneral rule, if you're not using one of the _wait functions or the
readiness notifier callback, you're bound to be doing it wrong just
based on that fact alone.

So warning about this same first user that can't easily change is simply
not an effective mechanism for anything at all. Users can't do anything
about it, as the Kconfig text points out -- the problem isn't in
userspace code -- and kernel developers don't or more often can't react
to it.

Instead, show the warning for all instances when CONFIG_WARN_ALL_UNSEEDED_RANDOM
is set, so that developers can debug things need be, or if it isn't set,
don't show a warning at all.

At the same time, CONFIG_WARN_ALL_UNSEEDED_RANDOM now implies setting
random.ratelimit_disable=1 on by default, since if you care about one
you probably care about the other too. And we can clean up usage around
the related urandom_warning ratelimiter as well (whose behavior isn't
changing), so that it properly counts missed messages after the 10
message threshold is reached.

Cc: Theodore Ts'o <>
Cc: Dominik Brodowski <>
Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
drivers/char/random.c | 61 ++++++++++++++------------------------------------
lib/Kconfig.debug | 3 --
2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -86,11 +86,10 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(random_ready_chai
static RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(random_ready_chain);

/* Control how we warn userspace. */
-static struct ratelimit_state unseeded_warning =
- RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT("warn_unseeded_randomness", HZ, 3);
static struct ratelimit_state urandom_warning =
RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT("warn_urandom_randomness", HZ, 3);
-static int ratelimit_disable __read_mostly;
+static int ratelimit_disable __read_mostly =
module_param_named(ratelimit_disable, ratelimit_disable, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(ratelimit_disable, "Disable random ratelimit suppression");

@@ -183,27 +182,15 @@ static void process_random_ready_list(vo
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&random_ready_chain_lock, flags);

-#define warn_unseeded_randomness(previous) \
- _warn_unseeded_randomness(__func__, (void *)_RET_IP_, (previous))
+#define warn_unseeded_randomness() \
+ _warn_unseeded_randomness(__func__, (void *)_RET_IP_)

-static void _warn_unseeded_randomness(const char *func_name, void *caller, void **previous)
+static void _warn_unseeded_randomness(const char *func_name, void *caller)
- const bool print_once = false;
- static bool print_once __read_mostly;
- if (print_once || crng_ready() ||
- (previous && (caller == READ_ONCE(*previous))))
- WRITE_ONCE(*previous, caller);
- print_once = true;
- if (__ratelimit(&unseeded_warning))
- printk_deferred(KERN_NOTICE "random: %s called from %pS with crng_init=%d\n",
- func_name, caller, crng_init);
+ printk_deferred(KERN_NOTICE "random: %s called from %pS with crng_init=%d\n",
+ func_name, caller, crng_init);

@@ -454,9 +441,7 @@ static void _get_random_bytes(void *buf,
void get_random_bytes(void *buf, size_t nbytes)
- static void *previous;
- warn_unseeded_randomness(&previous);
+ warn_unseeded_randomness();
_get_random_bytes(buf, nbytes);
@@ -550,10 +535,9 @@ u64 get_random_u64(void)
u64 ret;
unsigned long flags;
struct batched_entropy *batch;
- static void *previous;
unsigned long next_gen;

- warn_unseeded_randomness(&previous);
+ warn_unseeded_randomness();

if (!crng_ready()) {
_get_random_bytes(&ret, sizeof(ret));
@@ -588,10 +572,9 @@ u32 get_random_u32(void)
u32 ret;
unsigned long flags;
struct batched_entropy *batch;
- static void *previous;
unsigned long next_gen;

- warn_unseeded_randomness(&previous);
+ warn_unseeded_randomness();

if (!crng_ready()) {
_get_random_bytes(&ret, sizeof(ret));
@@ -818,16 +801,9 @@ static void credit_init_bits(size_t nbit
kill_fasync(&fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
pr_notice("crng init done\n");
- if (unseeded_warning.missed) {
- pr_notice("%d get_random_xx warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting\n",
- unseeded_warning.missed);
- unseeded_warning.missed = 0;
- }
- if (urandom_warning.missed) {
+ if (urandom_warning.missed)
pr_notice("%d urandom warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting\n",
- urandom_warning.missed = 0;
- }
} else if (orig < POOL_EARLY_BITS && new >= POOL_EARLY_BITS) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&base_crng.lock, flags);
/* Check if crng_init is CRNG_EMPTY, to avoid race with crng_reseed(). */
@@ -940,10 +916,6 @@ int __init rand_initialize(void)
else if (arch_init && trust_cpu)
credit_init_bits(BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE * 8);

- if (ratelimit_disable) {
- urandom_warning.interval = 0;
- unseeded_warning.interval = 0;
- }
return 0;

@@ -1389,11 +1361,14 @@ static ssize_t urandom_read(struct file
static int maxwarn = 10;

- if (!crng_ready() && maxwarn > 0) {
- maxwarn--;
- if (__ratelimit(&urandom_warning))
+ if (!crng_ready()) {
+ if (!ratelimit_disable && maxwarn <= 0)
+ ++urandom_warning.missed;
+ else if (ratelimit_disable || __ratelimit(&urandom_warning)) {
+ --maxwarn;
pr_notice("%s: uninitialized urandom read (%zd bytes read)\n",
current->comm, nbytes);
+ }

return get_random_bytes_user(buf, nbytes);
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1277,8 +1277,7 @@ config WARN_ALL_UNSEEDED_RANDOM
so architecture maintainers really need to do what they can
to get the CRNG seeded sooner after the system is booted.
However, since users cannot do anything actionable to
- address this, by default the kernel will issue only a single
- warning for the first use of unseeded randomness.
+ address this, by default this option is disabled.

Say Y here if you want to receive warnings for all uses of
unseeded randomness. This will be of use primarily for

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