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Subject[PATCH 4.14 175/237] random: use static branch for crng_ready()
Date
From: "Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@zx2c4.com>

commit f5bda35fba615ace70a656d4700423fa6c9bebee upstream.

Since crng_ready() is only false briefly during initialization and then
forever after becomes true, we don't need to evaluate it after, making
it a prime candidate for a static branch.

One complication, however, is that it changes state in a particular call
to credit_init_bits(), which might be made from atomic context, which
means we must kick off a workqueue to change the static key. Further
complicating things, credit_init_bits() may be called sufficiently early
on in system initialization such that system_wq is NULL.

Fortunately, there exists the nice function execute_in_process_context(),
which will immediately execute the function if !in_interrupt(), and
otherwise defer it to a workqueue. During early init, before workqueues
are available, in_interrupt() is always false, because interrupts
haven't even been enabled yet, which means the function in that case
executes immediately. Later on, after workqueues are available,
in_interrupt() might be true, but in that case, the work is queued in
system_wq and all goes well.

Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Sultan Alsawaf <sultan@kerneltoast.com>
Reviewed-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
drivers/char/random.c | 16 ++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -77,8 +77,9 @@ static enum {
CRNG_EMPTY = 0, /* Little to no entropy collected */
CRNG_EARLY = 1, /* At least POOL_EARLY_BITS collected */
CRNG_READY = 2 /* Fully initialized with POOL_READY_BITS collected */
-} crng_init = CRNG_EMPTY;
-#define crng_ready() (likely(crng_init >= CRNG_READY))
+} crng_init __read_mostly = CRNG_EMPTY;
+static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(crng_is_ready);
+#define crng_ready() (static_branch_likely(&crng_is_ready) || crng_init >= CRNG_READY)
/* Various types of waiters for crng_init->CRNG_READY transition. */
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(crng_init_wait);
static struct fasync_struct *fasync;
@@ -108,6 +109,11 @@ bool rng_is_initialized(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rng_is_initialized);

+static void crng_set_ready(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ static_branch_enable(&crng_is_ready);
+}
+
/* Used by wait_for_random_bytes(), and considered an entropy collector, below. */
static void try_to_generate_entropy(void);

@@ -267,7 +273,7 @@ static void crng_reseed(void)
++next_gen;
WRITE_ONCE(base_crng.generation, next_gen);
WRITE_ONCE(base_crng.birth, jiffies);
- if (!crng_ready())
+ if (!static_branch_likely(&crng_is_ready))
crng_init = CRNG_READY;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base_crng.lock, flags);
memzero_explicit(key, sizeof(key));
@@ -782,6 +788,7 @@ static void extract_entropy(void *buf, s

static void credit_init_bits(size_t nbits)
{
+ static struct execute_work set_ready;
unsigned int new, orig, add;
unsigned long flags;

@@ -797,6 +804,7 @@ static void credit_init_bits(size_t nbit

if (orig < POOL_READY_BITS && new >= POOL_READY_BITS) {
crng_reseed(); /* Sets crng_init to CRNG_READY under base_crng.lock. */
+ execute_in_process_context(crng_set_ready, &set_ready);
process_random_ready_list();
wake_up_interruptible(&crng_init_wait);
kill_fasync(&fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
@@ -1306,7 +1314,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(getrandom, char __user *
if (count > INT_MAX)
count = INT_MAX;

- if (!(flags & GRND_INSECURE) && !crng_ready()) {
+ if (!crng_ready() && !(flags & GRND_INSECURE)) {
int ret;

if (flags & GRND_NONBLOCK)

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