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Subject[PATCH 4.14 170/237] random: avoid initializing twice in credit race
Date
From: "Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@zx2c4.com>

commit fed7ef061686cc813b1f3d8d0edc6c35b4d3537b upstream.

Since all changes of crng_init now go through credit_init_bits(), we can
fix a long standing race in which two concurrent callers of
credit_init_bits() have the new bit count >= some threshold, but are
doing so with crng_init as a lower threshold, checked outside of a lock,
resulting in crng_reseed() or similar being called twice.

In order to fix this, we can use the original cmpxchg value of the bit
count, and only change crng_init when the bit count transitions from
below a threshold to meeting the threshold.

Reviewed-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
drivers/char/random.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -264,7 +264,6 @@ static void crng_reseed(void)
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long next_gen;
u8 key[CHACHA20_KEY_SIZE];
- bool finalize_init = false;

extract_entropy(key, sizeof(key));

@@ -281,28 +280,10 @@ static void crng_reseed(void)
++next_gen;
WRITE_ONCE(base_crng.generation, next_gen);
WRITE_ONCE(base_crng.birth, jiffies);
- if (!crng_ready()) {
+ if (!crng_ready())
crng_init = CRNG_READY;
- finalize_init = true;
- }
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base_crng.lock, flags);
memzero_explicit(key, sizeof(key));
- if (finalize_init) {
- process_random_ready_list();
- wake_up_interruptible(&crng_init_wait);
- kill_fasync(&fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
- pr_notice("crng init done\n");
- if (unseeded_warning.missed) {
- pr_notice("%d get_random_xx warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting\n",
- unseeded_warning.missed);
- unseeded_warning.missed = 0;
- }
- if (urandom_warning.missed) {
- pr_notice("%d urandom warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting\n",
- urandom_warning.missed);
- urandom_warning.missed = 0;
- }
- }
}

/*
@@ -818,7 +799,7 @@ static void extract_entropy(void *buf, s

static void credit_init_bits(size_t nbits)
{
- unsigned int init_bits, orig, add;
+ unsigned int new, orig, add;
unsigned long flags;

if (crng_ready() || !nbits)
@@ -828,13 +809,28 @@ static void credit_init_bits(size_t nbit

do {
orig = READ_ONCE(input_pool.init_bits);
- init_bits = min_t(unsigned int, POOL_BITS, orig + add);
- } while (cmpxchg(&input_pool.init_bits, orig, init_bits) != orig);
+ new = min_t(unsigned int, POOL_BITS, orig + add);
+ } while (cmpxchg(&input_pool.init_bits, orig, new) != orig);

- if (!crng_ready() && init_bits >= POOL_READY_BITS)
- crng_reseed();
- else if (unlikely(crng_init == CRNG_EMPTY && init_bits >= POOL_EARLY_BITS)) {
+ if (orig < POOL_READY_BITS && new >= POOL_READY_BITS) {
+ crng_reseed(); /* Sets crng_init to CRNG_READY under base_crng.lock. */
+ process_random_ready_list();
+ wake_up_interruptible(&crng_init_wait);
+ kill_fasync(&fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
+ pr_notice("crng init done\n");
+ if (unseeded_warning.missed) {
+ pr_notice("%d get_random_xx warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting\n",
+ unseeded_warning.missed);
+ unseeded_warning.missed = 0;
+ }
+ if (urandom_warning.missed) {
+ pr_notice("%d urandom warning(s) missed due to ratelimiting\n",
+ urandom_warning.missed);
+ urandom_warning.missed = 0;
+ }
+ } else if (orig < POOL_EARLY_BITS && new >= POOL_EARLY_BITS) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&base_crng.lock, flags);
+ /* Check if crng_init is CRNG_EMPTY, to avoid race with crng_reseed(). */
if (crng_init == CRNG_EMPTY) {
extract_entropy(base_crng.key, sizeof(base_crng.key));
crng_init = CRNG_EARLY;

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