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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4] sched/fair: Introduce SIS_UTIL to search idle CPU based on sum of util_avg
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Hello Chenyu,

I'm sorry for the delay. The testing took a while but below are
the results from testing on our system.

tl;dr

o We ran all the tests with with SIS_PROP disabled.
o tbench reaches close to saturation early with 256 clients.
o schbench shows improvements for low worker counts.
o All other benchmark results seem comparable to tip.
We don't see any serious regressions with v4.

I've added detailed benchmark results and some analysis below.

On 6/12/2022 10:04 PM, Chen Yu wrote:
> [Problem Statement]
> select_idle_cpu() might spend too much time searching for an idle CPU,
> when the system is overloaded.
>
> The following histogram is the time spent in select_idle_cpu(),
> when running 224 instances of netperf on a system with 112 CPUs
> per LLC domain:
>
> @usecs:
> [0] 533 | |
> [1] 5495 | |
> [2, 4) 12008 | |
> [4, 8) 239252 | |
> [8, 16) 4041924 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ |
> [16, 32) 12357398 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ |
> [32, 64) 14820255 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@|
> [64, 128) 13047682 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ |
> [128, 256) 8235013 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ |
> [256, 512) 4507667 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ |
> [512, 1K) 2600472 |@@@@@@@@@ |
> [1K, 2K) 927912 |@@@ |
> [2K, 4K) 218720 | |
> [4K, 8K) 98161 | |
> [8K, 16K) 37722 | |
> [16K, 32K) 6715 | |
> [32K, 64K) 477 | |
> [64K, 128K) 7 | |
>
> netperf latency usecs:
> =======
> case load Lat_99th std%
> TCP_RR thread-224 257.39 ( 0.21)
>
> The time spent in select_idle_cpu() is visible to netperf and might have a negative
> impact.
>
> [Symptom analysis]
> The patch [1] from Mel Gorman has been applied to track the efficiency
> of select_idle_sibling. Copy the indicators here:
>
> SIS Search Efficiency(se_eff%):
> A ratio expressed as a percentage of runqueues scanned versus
> idle CPUs found. A 100% efficiency indicates that the target,
> prev or recent CPU of a task was idle at wakeup. The lower the
> efficiency, the more runqueues were scanned before an idle CPU
> was found.
>
> SIS Domain Search Efficiency(dom_eff%):
> Similar, except only for the slower SIS
> patch.
>
> SIS Fast Success Rate(fast_rate%):
> Percentage of SIS that used target, prev or
> recent CPUs.
>
> SIS Success rate(success_rate%):
> Percentage of scans that found an idle CPU.
>
> The test is based on Aubrey's schedtests tool, including netperf, hackbench,
> schbench and tbench.
>
> Test on vanilla kernel:
> schedstat_parse.py -f netperf_vanilla.log
> case load se_eff% dom_eff% fast_rate% success_rate%
> TCP_RR 28 threads 99.978 18.535 99.995 100.000
> TCP_RR 56 threads 99.397 5.671 99.964 100.000
> TCP_RR 84 threads 21.721 6.818 73.632 100.000
> TCP_RR 112 threads 12.500 5.533 59.000 100.000
> TCP_RR 140 threads 8.524 4.535 49.020 100.000
> TCP_RR 168 threads 6.438 3.945 40.309 99.999
> TCP_RR 196 threads 5.397 3.718 32.320 99.982
> TCP_RR 224 threads 4.874 3.661 25.775 99.767
> UDP_RR 28 threads 99.988 17.704 99.997 100.000
> UDP_RR 56 threads 99.528 5.977 99.970 100.000
> UDP_RR 84 threads 24.219 6.992 76.479 100.000
> UDP_RR 112 threads 13.907 5.706 62.538 100.000
> UDP_RR 140 threads 9.408 4.699 52.519 100.000
> UDP_RR 168 threads 7.095 4.077 44.352 100.000
> UDP_RR 196 threads 5.757 3.775 35.764 99.991
> UDP_RR 224 threads 5.124 3.704 28.748 99.860
>
> schedstat_parse.py -f schbench_vanilla.log
> (each group has 28 tasks)
> case load se_eff% dom_eff% fast_rate% success_rate%
> normal 1 mthread 99.152 6.400 99.941 100.000
> normal 2 mthreads 97.844 4.003 99.908 100.000
> normal 3 mthreads 96.395 2.118 99.917 99.998
> normal 4 mthreads 55.288 1.451 98.615 99.804
> normal 5 mthreads 7.004 1.870 45.597 61.036
> normal 6 mthreads 3.354 1.346 20.777 34.230
> normal 7 mthreads 2.183 1.028 11.257 21.055
> normal 8 mthreads 1.653 0.825 7.849 15.549
>
> schedstat_parse.py -f hackbench_vanilla.log
> (each group has 28 tasks)
> case load se_eff% dom_eff% fast_rate% success_rate%
> process-pipe 1 group 99.991 7.692 99.999 100.000
> process-pipe 2 groups 99.934 4.615 99.997 100.000
> process-pipe 3 groups 99.597 3.198 99.987 100.000
> process-pipe 4 groups 98.378 2.464 99.958 100.000
> process-pipe 5 groups 27.474 3.653 89.811 99.800
> process-pipe 6 groups 20.201 4.098 82.763 99.570
> process-pipe 7 groups 16.423 4.156 77.398 99.316
> process-pipe 8 groups 13.165 3.920 72.232 98.828
> process-sockets 1 group 99.977 5.882 99.999 100.000
> process-sockets 2 groups 99.927 5.505 99.996 100.000
> process-sockets 3 groups 99.397 3.250 99.980 100.000
> process-sockets 4 groups 79.680 4.258 98.864 99.998
> process-sockets 5 groups 7.673 2.503 63.659 92.115
> process-sockets 6 groups 4.642 1.584 58.946 88.048
> process-sockets 7 groups 3.493 1.379 49.816 81.164
> process-sockets 8 groups 3.015 1.407 40.845 75.500
> threads-pipe 1 group 99.997 0.000 100.000 100.000
> threads-pipe 2 groups 99.894 2.932 99.997 100.000
> threads-pipe 3 groups 99.611 4.117 99.983 100.000
> threads-pipe 4 groups 97.703 2.624 99.937 100.000
> threads-pipe 5 groups 22.919 3.623 87.150 99.764
> threads-pipe 6 groups 18.016 4.038 80.491 99.557
> threads-pipe 7 groups 14.663 3.991 75.239 99.247
> threads-pipe 8 groups 12.242 3.808 70.651 98.644
> threads-sockets 1 group 99.990 6.667 99.999 100.000
> threads-sockets 2 groups 99.940 5.114 99.997 100.000
> threads-sockets 3 groups 99.469 4.115 99.977 100.000
> threads-sockets 4 groups 87.528 4.038 99.400 100.000
> threads-sockets 5 groups 6.942 2.398 59.244 88.337
> threads-sockets 6 groups 4.359 1.954 49.448 87.860
> threads-sockets 7 groups 2.845 1.345 41.198 77.102
> threads-sockets 8 groups 2.871 1.404 38.512 74.312
>
> schedstat_parse.py -f tbench_vanilla.log
> case load se_eff% dom_eff% fast_rate% success_rate%
> loopback 28 threads 99.976 18.369 99.995 100.000
> loopback 56 threads 99.222 7.799 99.934 100.000
> loopback 84 threads 19.723 6.819 70.215 100.000
> loopback 112 threads 11.283 5.371 55.371 99.999
> loopback 140 threads 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
> loopback 168 threads 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
> loopback 196 threads 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
> loopback 224 threads 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
>
> According to the test above, if the system becomes busy, the
> SIS Search Efficiency(se_eff%) drops significantly. Although some
> benchmarks would finally find an idle CPU(success_rate% = 100%), it is
> doubtful whether it is worth it to search the whole LLC domain.
>
> [Proposal]
> It would be ideal to have a crystal ball to answer this question:
> How many CPUs must a wakeup path walk down, before it can find an idle
> CPU? Many potential metrics could be used to predict the number.
> One candidate is the sum of util_avg in this LLC domain. The benefit
> of choosing util_avg is that it is a metric of accumulated historic
> activity, which seems to be smoother than instantaneous metrics
> (such as rq->nr_running). Besides, choosing the sum of util_avg
> would help predict the load of the LLC domain more precisely, because
> SIS_PROP uses one CPU's idle time to estimate the total LLC domain idle
> time.
>
> In summary, the lower the util_avg is, the more select_idle_cpu()
> should scan for idle CPU, and vice versa. When the sum of util_avg
> in this LLC domain hits 85% or above, the scan stops. The reason to
> choose 85% as the threshold is that this is the imbalance_pct(117)
> when a LLC sched group is overloaded.
>
> Introduce the quadratic function:
>
> y = SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE - p * x^2
> and y'= y / SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE
>
> x is the ratio of sum_util compared to the CPU capacity:
> x = sum_util / (llc_weight * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE)
> y' is the ratio of CPUs to be scanned in the LLC domain,
> and the number of CPUs to scan is calculated by:
>
> nr_scan = llc_weight * y'
>
> Choosing quadratic function is because:
> [1] Compared to the linear function, it scans more aggressively when the
> sum_util is low.
> [2] Compared to the exponential function, it is easier to calculate.
> [3] It seems that there is no accurate mapping between the sum of util_avg
> and the number of CPUs to be scanned. Use heuristic scan for now.
>
> For a platform with 112 CPUs per LLC, the number of CPUs to scan is:
> sum_util% 0 5 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85 86 ...
> scan_nr 112 111 108 102 93 81 65 47 25 1 0 ...
>
> For a platform with 16 CPUs per LLC, the number of CPUs to scan is:
> sum_util% 0 5 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85 86 ...
> scan_nr 16 15 15 14 13 11 9 6 3 0 0 ...
>
> Furthermore, to minimize the overhead of calculating the metrics in
> select_idle_cpu(), borrow the statistics from periodic load balance.
> As mentioned by Abel, on a platform with 112 CPUs per LLC, the
> sum_util calculated by periodic load balance after 112 ms would
> decay to about 0.5 * 0.5 * 0.5 * 0.7 = 8.75%, thus bringing a delay
> in reflecting the latest utilization. But it is a trade-off.
> Checking the util_avg in newidle load balance would be more frequent,
> but it brings overhead - multiple CPUs write/read the per-LLC shared
> variable and introduces cache contention. Tim also mentioned that,
> it is allowed to be non-optimal in terms of scheduling for the
> short-term variations, but if there is a long-term trend in the load
> behavior, the scheduler can adjust for that.
>
> When SIS_UTIL is enabled, the select_idle_cpu() uses the nr_scan
> calculated by SIS_UTIL instead of the one from SIS_PROP. As Peter and
> Mel suggested, SIS_UTIL should be enabled by default.
>
> This patch is based on the util_avg, which is very sensitive to the
> CPU frequency invariance. There is an issue that, when the max frequency
> has been clamp, the util_avg would decay insanely fast when
> the CPU is idle. Commit addca285120b ("cpufreq: intel_pstate: Handle no_turbo
> in frequency invariance") could be used to mitigate this symptom, by adjusting
> the arch_max_freq_ratio when turbo is disabled. But this issue is still
> not thoroughly fixed, because the current code is unaware of the user-specified
> max CPU frequency.
>
> [Test result]
>
> netperf and tbench were launched with 25% 50% 75% 100% 125% 150%
> 175% 200% of CPU number respectively. Hackbench and schbench were launched
> by 1, 2 ,4, 8 groups. Each test lasts for 100 seconds and repeats 3 times.
>
> The following is the benchmark result comparison between
> baseline:vanilla v5.19-rc1 and compare:patched kernel. Positive compare%
> indicates better performance.
>
> Each netperf test is a:
> netperf -4 -H 127.0.1 -t TCP/UDP_RR -c -C -l 100
> netperf.throughput
> =======
> case load baseline(std%) compare%( std%)
> TCP_RR 28 threads 1.00 ( 0.34) -0.16 ( 0.40)
> TCP_RR 56 threads 1.00 ( 0.19) -0.02 ( 0.20)
> TCP_RR 84 threads 1.00 ( 0.39) -0.47 ( 0.40)
> TCP_RR 112 threads 1.00 ( 0.21) -0.66 ( 0.22)
> TCP_RR 140 threads 1.00 ( 0.19) -0.69 ( 0.19)
> TCP_RR 168 threads 1.00 ( 0.18) -0.48 ( 0.18)
> TCP_RR 196 threads 1.00 ( 0.16) +194.70 ( 16.43)
> TCP_RR 224 threads 1.00 ( 0.16) +197.30 ( 7.85)
> UDP_RR 28 threads 1.00 ( 0.37) +0.35 ( 0.33)
> UDP_RR 56 threads 1.00 ( 11.18) -0.32 ( 0.21)
> UDP_RR 84 threads 1.00 ( 1.46) -0.98 ( 0.32)
> UDP_RR 112 threads 1.00 ( 28.85) -2.48 ( 19.61)
> UDP_RR 140 threads 1.00 ( 0.70) -0.71 ( 14.04)
> UDP_RR 168 threads 1.00 ( 14.33) -0.26 ( 11.16)
> UDP_RR 196 threads 1.00 ( 12.92) +186.92 ( 20.93)
> UDP_RR 224 threads 1.00 ( 11.74) +196.79 ( 18.62)
>
> Take the 224 threads as an example, the SIS search metrics changes are
> illustrated below:
>
> vanilla patched
> 4544492 +237.5% 15338634 sched_debug.cpu.sis_domain_search.avg
> 38539 +39686.8% 15333634 sched_debug.cpu.sis_failed.avg
> 128300000 -87.9% 15551326 sched_debug.cpu.sis_scanned.avg
> 5842896 +162.7% 15347978 sched_debug.cpu.sis_search.avg
>
> There is -87.9% less CPU scans after patched, which indicates lower overhead.
> Besides, with this patch applied, there is -13% less rq lock contention
> in perf-profile.calltrace.cycles-pp._raw_spin_lock.raw_spin_rq_lock_nested
> .try_to_wake_up.default_wake_function.woken_wake_function.
> This might help explain the performance improvement - Because this patch allows
> the waking task to remain on the previous CPU, rather than grabbing other CPUs'
> lock.
>
> Each hackbench test is a:
> hackbench -g $job --process/threads --pipe/sockets -l 1000000 -s 100
> hackbench.throughput
> =========
> case load baseline(std%) compare%( std%)
> process-pipe 1 group 1.00 ( 1.29) +0.57 ( 0.47)
> process-pipe 2 groups 1.00 ( 0.27) +0.77 ( 0.81)
> process-pipe 4 groups 1.00 ( 0.26) +1.17 ( 0.02)
> process-pipe 8 groups 1.00 ( 0.15) -4.79 ( 0.02)
> process-sockets 1 group 1.00 ( 0.63) -0.92 ( 0.13)
> process-sockets 2 groups 1.00 ( 0.03) -0.83 ( 0.14)
> process-sockets 4 groups 1.00 ( 0.40) +5.20 ( 0.26)
> process-sockets 8 groups 1.00 ( 0.04) +3.52 ( 0.03)
> threads-pipe 1 group 1.00 ( 1.28) +0.07 ( 0.14)
> threads-pipe 2 groups 1.00 ( 0.22) -0.49 ( 0.74)
> threads-pipe 4 groups 1.00 ( 0.05) +1.88 ( 0.13)
> threads-pipe 8 groups 1.00 ( 0.09) -4.90 ( 0.06)
> threads-sockets 1 group 1.00 ( 0.25) -0.70 ( 0.53)
> threads-sockets 2 groups 1.00 ( 0.10) -0.63 ( 0.26)
> threads-sockets 4 groups 1.00 ( 0.19) +11.92 ( 0.24)
> threads-sockets 8 groups 1.00 ( 0.08) +4.31 ( 0.11)
>
> Each tbench test is a:
> tbench -t 100 $job 127.0.0.1
> tbench.throughput
> ======
> case load baseline(std%) compare%( std%)
> loopback 28 threads 1.00 ( 0.06) -0.14 ( 0.09)
> loopback 56 threads 1.00 ( 0.03) -0.04 ( 0.17)
> loopback 84 threads 1.00 ( 0.05) +0.36 ( 0.13)
> loopback 112 threads 1.00 ( 0.03) +0.51 ( 0.03)
> loopback 140 threads 1.00 ( 0.02) -1.67 ( 0.19)
> loopback 168 threads 1.00 ( 0.38) +1.27 ( 0.27)
> loopback 196 threads 1.00 ( 0.11) +1.34 ( 0.17)
> loopback 224 threads 1.00 ( 0.11) +1.67 ( 0.22)
>
> Each schbench test is a:
> schbench -m $job -t 28 -r 100 -s 30000 -c 30000
> schbench.latency_90%_us
> ========
> case load baseline(std%) compare%( std%)
> normal 1 mthread 1.00 ( 31.22) -7.36 ( 20.25)*
> normal 2 mthreads 1.00 ( 2.45) -0.48 ( 1.79)
> normal 4 mthreads 1.00 ( 1.69) +0.45 ( 0.64)
> normal 8 mthreads 1.00 ( 5.47) +9.81 ( 14.28)


Following are the results from dual socket Zen3 platform (2 x 64C/128T) running with
various NPS configuration:

Following is the NUMA configuration for each NPS mode on the system:

NPS1: Each socket is a NUMA node.
Total 2 NUMA nodes in the dual socket machine.

Node 0: 0-63, 128-191
Node 1: 64-127, 192-255

NPS2: Each socket is further logically divided into 2 NUMA regions.
Total 4 NUMA nodes exist over 2 socket.

Node 0: 0-31, 128-159
Node 1: 32-63, 160-191
Node 2: 64-95, 192-223
Node 3: 96-127, 223-255

NPS4: Each socket is logically divided into 4 NUMA regions.
Total 8 NUMA nodes exist over 2 socket.

Node 0: 0-15, 128-143
Node 1: 16-31, 144-159
Node 2: 32-47, 160-175
Node 3: 48-63, 176-191
Node 4: 64-79, 192-207
Node 5: 80-95, 208-223
Node 6: 96-111, 223-231
Node 7: 112-127, 232-255

Kernel versions:
- tip: 5.19-rc2 tip sched/core
- SIS_UTIL: 5.19-rc2 tip sched/core + this patch

When we started testing, the tip was at:
commit: f3dd3f674555 "sched: Remove the limitation of WF_ON_CPU on wakelist if wakee cpu is idle"

~~~~~~~~~
hackbench
~~~~~~~~~

NPS1

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
1-groups: 4.64 (0.00 pct) 4.77 (-2.80 pct)
2-groups: 5.22 (0.00 pct) 5.17 (0.95 pct)
4-groups: 5.43 (0.00 pct) 5.29 (2.57 pct)
8-groups: 5.85 (0.00 pct) 5.75 (1.70 pct)
16-groups: 7.54 (0.00 pct) 7.62 (-1.06 pct)

NPS2

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
1-groups: 4.61 (0.00 pct) 4.79 (-3.90 pct)
2-groups: 5.00 (0.00 pct) 4.94 (1.20 pct)
4-groups: 5.14 (0.00 pct) 5.00 (2.72 pct)
8-groups: 5.66 (0.00 pct) 5.49 (3.00 pct)
16-groups: 7.54 (0.00 pct) 7.33 (2.78 pct)

NPS4

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
1-groups: 4.64 (0.00 pct) 4.69 (-1.07 pct)
2-groups: 5.03 (0.00 pct) 4.98 (0.99 pct)
4-groups: 5.66 (0.00 pct) 5.88 (-3.88 pct)
8-groups: 6.16 (0.00 pct) 6.14 (0.32 pct)
16-groups: 7.37 (0.00 pct) 9.60 (-30.25 pct) * (System overloaded)
16-groups: 7.38 (0.00 pct) 7.99 (-8.26 pct) [Verification Run]

~~~~~~~~
schbench
~~~~~~~~

NPS1

#workers: tip SIS_UTIL
1: 23.50 (0.00 pct) 20.00 (14.89 pct)
2: 33.00 (0.00 pct) 29.50 (10.60 pct)
4: 43.50 (0.00 pct) 40.00 (8.04 pct)
8: 52.50 (0.00 pct) 50.00 (4.76 pct)
16: 70.00 (0.00 pct) 72.50 (-3.57 pct)
32: 103.50 (0.00 pct) 100.50 (2.89 pct)
64: 175.50 (0.00 pct) 183.00 (-4.27 pct)
128: 362.00 (0.00 pct) 368.50 (-1.79 pct)
256: 867.00 (0.00 pct) 867.00 (0.00 pct)
512: 60224.00 (0.00 pct) 58368.00 (3.08 pct)

NPS2

#workers: tip SIS_UTIL
1: 19.50 (0.00 pct) 17.00 (12.82 pct)
2: 31.50 (0.00 pct) 21.50 (31.74 pct)
4: 39.00 (0.00 pct) 31.50 (19.23 pct)
8: 54.50 (0.00 pct) 46.00 (15.59 pct)
16: 73.50 (0.00 pct) 78.00 (-6.12 pct) *
16: 74.00 (0.00 pct) 76.00 (-2.70 pct) [Verification Run]
32: 105.00 (0.00 pct) 100.00 (4.76 pct)
64: 181.50 (0.00 pct) 176.00 (3.03 pct)
128: 368.50 (0.00 pct) 368.00 (0.13 pct)
256: 885.00 (0.00 pct) 875.00 (1.12 pct)
512: 58752.00 (0.00 pct) 59520.00 (-1.30 pct)

NPS4

#workers: tip SIS_UTIL
1: 19.00 (0.00 pct) 15.50 (18.42 pct)
2: 32.00 (0.00 pct) 21.50 (32.81 pct)
4: 36.50 (0.00 pct) 29.00 (20.54 pct)
8: 47.50 (0.00 pct) 51.00 (-7.36 pct) *
8: 49.50 (0.00 pct) 44.50 (10.10 pct) [Verification Run]
16: 74.50 (0.00 pct) 78.00 (-4.69 pct) *
16: 81.50 (0.00 pct) 73.00 (10.42 pct) [Verification Run]
32: 98.50 (0.00 pct) 101.50 (-3.04 pct)
64: 182.00 (0.00 pct) 185.50 (-1.92 pct)
128: 369.50 (0.00 pct) 384.00 (-3.92 pct)
256: 920.00 (0.00 pct) 901.00 (2.06 pct)
512: 60224.00 (0.00 pct) 59136.00 (1.80 pct)

~~~~~~
tbench
~~~~~~

NPS1

Clients: tip SIS_UTIL
1 444.41 (0.00 pct) 445.90 (0.33 pct)
2 879.23 (0.00 pct) 871.32 (-0.89 pct)
4 1648.83 (0.00 pct) 1648.23 (-0.03 pct)
8 3263.81 (0.00 pct) 3251.66 (-0.37 pct)
16 6011.19 (0.00 pct) 5997.98 (-0.21 pct)
32 12058.31 (0.00 pct) 11625.00 (-3.59 pct)
64 21258.21 (0.00 pct) 20847.13 (-1.93 pct)
128 30795.27 (0.00 pct) 29286.06 (-4.90 pct) *
128 29848.21 (0.00 pct) 31613.76 (5.91 pct) [Verification run]
256 25138.43 (0.00 pct) 51160.59 (103.51 pct)
512 51287.93 (0.00 pct) 51829.94 (1.05 pct)
1024 53176.97 (0.00 pct) 53211.32 (0.06 pct)

NPS2

Clients: tip SIS_UTIL
1 445.45 (0.00 pct) 447.64 (0.49 pct)
2 869.24 (0.00 pct) 868.63 (-0.07 pct)
4 1644.28 (0.00 pct) 1632.35 (-0.72 pct)
8 3120.83 (0.00 pct) 3157.00 (1.15 pct)
16 5972.29 (0.00 pct) 5679.18 (-4.90 pct) *
16 5668.91 (0.00 pct) 5701.57 (0.57 pct) [Verification run]
32 11776.38 (0.00 pct) 11253.96 (-4.43 pct) *
32 11668.66 (0.00 pct) 11272.02 (-3.39 pct) [Verification run]
64 20933.15 (0.00 pct) 20717.28 (-1.03 pct)
128 32195.00 (0.00 pct) 30400.11 (-5.57 pct) *
128 30248.19 (0.00 pct) 30781.22 (1.76 pct) [Verification run]
256 24641.52 (0.00 pct) 44940.70 (82.37 pct)
512 50806.96 (0.00 pct) 51937.08 (2.22 pct)
1024 51993.96 (0.00 pct) 52154.38 (0.30 pct)

NPS4

Clients: tip SIS_UTIL
1 442.10 (0.00 pct) 449.20 (1.60 pct)
2 870.94 (0.00 pct) 875.15 (0.48 pct)
4 1615.30 (0.00 pct) 1636.92 (1.33 pct)
8 3195.95 (0.00 pct) 3222.69 (0.83 pct)
16 5937.41 (0.00 pct) 5705.23 (-3.91 pct)
32 11800.41 (0.00 pct) 11337.91 (-3.91 pct)
64 20844.71 (0.00 pct) 20123.99 (-3.45 pct)
128 31003.62 (0.00 pct) 30219.39 (-2.52 pct)
256 27476.37 (0.00 pct) 49333.89 (79.55 pct)
512 52276.72 (0.00 pct) 50807.17 (-2.81 pct)
1024 51372.10 (0.00 pct) 51566.42 (0.37 pct)

Note: tbench resuts for 256 workers are known to have
run to run variation on the test machine. Any regression
seen for the data point can be safely ignored.

~~~~~~
Stream
~~~~~~

- 10 runs

NPS1

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
Copy: 152431.37 (0.00 pct) 165782.13 (8.75 pct)
Scale: 187983.72 (0.00 pct) 180133.46 (-4.17 pct)
Add: 211713.09 (0.00 pct) 205588.71 (-2.89 pct)
Triad: 207302.09 (0.00 pct) 201103.81 (-2.98 pct)

NPS2

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
Copy: 134099.98 (0.00 pct) 146487.66 (9.23 pct)
Scale: 168404.01 (0.00 pct) 180551.46 (7.21 pct)
Add: 184326.77 (0.00 pct) 197117.20 (6.93 pct)
Triad: 182707.29 (0.00 pct) 195282.60 (6.88 pct)

NPS4

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
Copy: 123058.63 (0.00 pct) 129624.17 (5.33 pct)
Scale: 178696.74 (0.00 pct) 182611.49 (2.19 pct)
Add: 169836.95 (0.00 pct) 179869.80 (5.90 pct)
Triad: 170036.21 (0.00 pct) 177249.46 (4.24 pct)

- 100 runs

NPS1

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
Copy: 215860.05 (0.00 pct) 205953.63 (-4.58 pct)
Scale: 207886.55 (0.00 pct) 203384.29 (-2.16 pct)
Add: 253513.05 (0.00 pct) 243351.95 (-4.00 pct)
Triad: 239471.82 (0.00 pct) 232221.90 (-3.02 pct)

NPS2

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
Copy: 223991.94 (0.00 pct) 217920.18 (-2.71 pct)
Scale: 205631.20 (0.00 pct) 213060.40 (3.61 pct)
Add: 252292.90 (0.00 pct) 266848.26 (5.76 pct)
Triad: 239838.71 (0.00 pct) 252369.51 (5.22 pct)

NPS4

Test: tip SIS_UTIL
Copy: 225480.09 (0.00 pct) 218902.02 (-2.91 pct)
Scale: 218218.59 (0.00 pct) 210839.93 (-3.38 pct)
Add: 273879.95 (0.00 pct) 261761.62 (-4.42 pct)
Triad: 255765.98 (0.00 pct) 246971.11 (-3.43 pct)

~~~~~~~~~~~~
ycsb-mongodb
~~~~~~~~~~~~

NPS1

sched-tip: 301330.33 (var: 3.28)
SIS_UTIL: 295360.33 (var: 0.76) (-1.98%)

NPS2

sched-tip: 287786.00 (var: 4.24)
SIS_UTIL: 288888.33 (var: 1.58) (+0.38%)

NPS4

sched-tip: 293671.00 (var: 0.89)
SIS_UTIL: 295682.33 (var: 0.92) (+0.68%)


~~~~~
Notes
~~~~~

o tbench reaches close to saturation at 256 clients which was
previously an unreliable data point and usually showed regression
compared to the result with 128 clients.
o schbench improves for low worker count. It is not strictly because
of SIS_UTIL.
o Most serious regression seen seem to reverse with a rerun suggesting
some run to run variance with few data points on tip as well as with
this patch.
o Any small regression or improvements seen are within the margin of
run to run variance seen on the tip as well. The results seem to be
more stable with SIS_UTIL compared to SIS_PROP

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
SIS Efficiency Stats for Hackbench
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Following are the system wide SIS Efficiency stats for SIS_PROP and SIS_UTIL
when running hackbench with Mel's patch applied as is on both kernels:
(https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210726102247.21437-2-mgorman@techsingularity.net/)

Metrics and the labels assigned for better readability

SIS Search : Number of calls to select_idle_sibling
SIS Domain Search : Number of times the domain was searched (fast path failed)
SIS Scanned : Number of runqueues scanned
SIS Failures : Number of SIS calls that failed to find an idle CPU

SIS Logic: SIS_PROP SIS_UTIL Diff (SIS_UTIL wrt SIS_PROP)

o 1-group

Benchmark Results (sec) : 4.823 4.841 (-0.37 pct)
Number of calls to select_idle_sibling : 3154397 3166395 (0.38 pct)
Number of times the domain was searched (fast path failed) : 931530 1349865 (44.91 pct)
Number of runqueues scanned : 7846894 11026784 (40.52 pct)
Number of SIS calls that failed to find an idle CPU : 76463 118968 (55.59 pct)
Avg. No. of runqueues scanned per domain search : 8.42 8.16 (-3.09 pct)

o 2-groups

Benchmark Results (sec) : 4.705 4.912 (-4.40 pct)
Number of calls to select_idle_sibling : 3521182 4879821 (38.58 pct)
Number of times the domain was searched (fast path failed) : 2049034 2979202 (45.40 pct)
Number of runqueues scanned : 16717385 24743444 (48.01 pct)
Number of SIS calls that failed to find an idle CPU : 366643 241789 (-34.05 pct)
Avg. No. of runqueues scanned per domain search : 8.15 8.30 (1.84 pct)

o 4-groups

Benchmark Results (sec) : 5.503 5.268 (4.27 pct)
Number of calls to select_idle_sibling : 13293368 11006088 (-17.21 pct)
Number of times the domain was searched (fast path failed) : 5487436 4604635 (-16.09 pct)
Number of runqueues scanned : 53028113 43238439 (-18.46 pct)
Number of SIS calls that failed to find an idle CPU : 1171727 1040776 (-11.18 pct)
Avg. No. of runqueues scanned per domain search : 9.66 9.39 (-2.80 pct)

o 8-groups

Benchmark Results (sec) : 5.794 5.752 (0.72 pct)
Number of calls to select_idle_sibling : 26367244 24734896 (-6.19 pct)
Number of times the domain was searched (fast path failed) : 11137288 9528659 (-14.44 pct)
Number of runqueues scanned : 106216549 91895107 (-13.48 pct)
Number of SIS calls that failed to find an idle CPU : 3154674 3012751 (-4.50 pct)
Avg. No. of runqueues scanned per domain search : 9.53 9.64 (1.15 pct)

o 16-groups

Benchmark Results (sec) : 7.405 7.363 (0.57 pct)
Number of calls to select_idle_sibling : 57323447 49331195 (-13.94 pct)
Number of times the domain was searched (fast path failed) : 27853188 23892530 (-14.22 pct)
Number of runqueues scanned : 248062785 180150761 (-27.38 pct)
Number of SIS calls that failed to find an idle CPU : 12182277 14125960 (15.96 pct)
Avg. No. of runqueues scanned per domain search : 8.90 7.54 (-15.28 pct)

For 16 groups, when comparing SIS_UTIL to SIS_PROP, the
"Avg. No. of runqueues scanned per domain search" goes down and we
know there is high chance we won't find an idle CPU but it is
still relatively high for lower number of groups where the
opportunity to find idle cpus is more.

>
> [..snip..]
>
> #define NUMA_IMBALANCE_MIN 2
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/features.h b/kernel/sched/features.h
> index 1cf435bbcd9c..3334a1b93fc6 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/features.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/features.h
> @@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ SCHED_FEAT(TTWU_QUEUE, true)
> * When doing wakeups, attempt to limit superfluous scans of the LLC domain.
> */
> SCHED_FEAT(SIS_PROP, true)

SIS_PROP was disabled in our testing as follows:

--
-SCHED_FEAT(SIS_PROP, true)
+SCHED_FEAT(SIS_PROP, false)
--

> +SCHED_FEAT(SIS_UTIL, true)
> /*
> * Issue a WARN when we do multiple update_rq_clock() calls
>
> [..snip..]
>

With v4 on the current tip, I don't see any need for
a special case for systems with smaller LLCs with
SIS_PROP disabled and SIS_UITL enable. Even SIS Efficiency
seems to be better with SIS_UTIL for hackbench.

Tested-by: K Prateek Nayak <kprateek.nayak@amd.com>
--
Thanks and Regards,
Prateek
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