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Subject[PATCH Part2 v6 03/49] x86/sev: Add the host SEV-SNP initialization support
Date
From: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>

The memory integrity guarantees of SEV-SNP are enforced through a new
structure called the Reverse Map Table (RMP). The RMP is a single data
structure shared across the system that contains one entry for every 4K
page of DRAM that may be used by SEV-SNP VMs. The goal of RMP is to
track the owner of each page of memory. Pages of memory can be owned by
the hypervisor, owned by a specific VM or owned by the AMD-SP. See APM2
section 15.36.3 for more detail on RMP.

The RMP table is used to enforce access control to memory. The table itself
is not directly writable by the software. New CPU instructions (RMPUPDATE,
PVALIDATE, RMPADJUST) are used to manipulate the RMP entries.

Based on the platform configuration, the BIOS reserves the memory used
for the RMP table. The start and end address of the RMP table must be
queried by reading the RMP_BASE and RMP_END MSRs. If the RMP_BASE and
RMP_END are not set then disable the SEV-SNP feature.

The SEV-SNP feature is enabled only after the RMP table is successfully
initialized.

Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h | 8 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 6 +
arch/x86/kernel/sev.c | 144 +++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 157 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
index 36369e76cc63..c1be3091a383 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
@@ -68,6 +68,12 @@
# define DISABLE_TDX_GUEST (1 << (X86_FEATURE_TDX_GUEST & 31))
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
+# define DISABLE_SEV_SNP 0
+#else
+# define DISABLE_SEV_SNP (1 << (X86_FEATURE_SEV_SNP & 31))
+#endif
+
/*
* Make sure to add features to the correct mask
*/
@@ -91,7 +97,7 @@
DISABLE_ENQCMD)
#define DISABLED_MASK17 0
#define DISABLED_MASK18 0
-#define DISABLED_MASK19 0
+#define DISABLED_MASK19 (DISABLE_SEV_SNP)
#define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 20)

#endif /* _ASM_X86_DISABLED_FEATURES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 9e2e7185fc1d..57a8280e283a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -507,6 +507,8 @@
#define MSR_AMD64_SEV_ENABLED BIT_ULL(MSR_AMD64_SEV_ENABLED_BIT)
#define MSR_AMD64_SEV_ES_ENABLED BIT_ULL(MSR_AMD64_SEV_ES_ENABLED_BIT)
#define MSR_AMD64_SEV_SNP_ENABLED BIT_ULL(MSR_AMD64_SEV_SNP_ENABLED_BIT)
+#define MSR_AMD64_RMP_BASE 0xc0010132
+#define MSR_AMD64_RMP_END 0xc0010133

#define MSR_AMD64_VIRT_SPEC_CTRL 0xc001011f

@@ -581,6 +583,10 @@
#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG 0xc0010010
#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_MEM_ENCRYPT_BIT 23
#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_MEM_ENCRYPT BIT_ULL(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_MEM_ENCRYPT_BIT)
+#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN_BIT 24
+#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN BIT_ULL(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN_BIT)
+#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_VMPL_EN_BIT 25
+#define MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_VMPL_EN BIT_ULL(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_VMPL_EN_BIT)
#define MSR_K8_INT_PENDING_MSG 0xc0010055
/* C1E active bits in int pending message */
#define K8_INTP_C1E_ACTIVE_MASK 0x18000000
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c
index f01f4550e2c6..3a233b5d47c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sev.c
@@ -22,6 +22,8 @@
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>

#include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h>
#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
@@ -38,6 +40,7 @@
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/cpuid.h>
#include <asm/cmdline.h>
+#include <asm/iommu.h>

#define DR7_RESET_VALUE 0x400

@@ -57,6 +60,12 @@
#define AP_INIT_CR0_DEFAULT 0x60000010
#define AP_INIT_MXCSR_DEFAULT 0x1f80

+/*
+ * The first 16KB from the RMP_BASE is used by the processor for the
+ * bookkeeping, the range need to be added during the RMP entry lookup.
+ */
+#define RMPTABLE_CPU_BOOKKEEPING_SZ 0x4000
+
/* For early boot hypervisor communication in SEV-ES enabled guests */
static struct ghcb boot_ghcb_page __bss_decrypted __aligned(PAGE_SIZE);

@@ -69,6 +78,10 @@ static struct ghcb *boot_ghcb __section(".data");
/* Bitmap of SEV features supported by the hypervisor */
static u64 sev_hv_features __ro_after_init;

+static unsigned long rmptable_start __ro_after_init;
+static unsigned long rmptable_end __ro_after_init;
+
+
/* #VC handler runtime per-CPU data */
struct sev_es_runtime_data {
struct ghcb ghcb_page;
@@ -2218,3 +2231,134 @@ static int __init snp_init_platform_device(void)
return 0;
}
device_initcall(snp_init_platform_device);
+
+#undef pr_fmt
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "SEV-SNP: " fmt
+
+static int __snp_enable(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ u64 val;
+
+ if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SEV_SNP))
+ return 0;
+
+ rdmsrl(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG, val);
+
+ val |= MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN;
+ val |= MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_VMPL_EN;
+
+ wrmsrl(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG, val);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __init void snp_enable(void *arg)
+{
+ __snp_enable(smp_processor_id());
+}
+
+static bool get_rmptable_info(u64 *start, u64 *len)
+{
+ u64 calc_rmp_sz, rmp_sz, rmp_base, rmp_end, nr_pages;
+
+ rdmsrl(MSR_AMD64_RMP_BASE, rmp_base);
+ rdmsrl(MSR_AMD64_RMP_END, rmp_end);
+
+ if (!rmp_base || !rmp_end) {
+ pr_info("Memory for the RMP table has not been reserved by BIOS\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ rmp_sz = rmp_end - rmp_base + 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Calculate the amount the memory that must be reserved by the BIOS to
+ * address the full system RAM. The reserved memory should also cover the
+ * RMP table itself.
+ *
+ * See PPR Family 19h Model 01h, Revision B1 section 2.1.4.2 for more
+ * information on memory requirement.
+ */
+ nr_pages = totalram_pages();
+ calc_rmp_sz = (((rmp_sz >> PAGE_SHIFT) + nr_pages) << 4) + RMPTABLE_CPU_BOOKKEEPING_SZ;
+
+ if (calc_rmp_sz > rmp_sz) {
+ pr_info("Memory reserved for the RMP table does not cover full system RAM (expected 0x%llx got 0x%llx)\n",
+ calc_rmp_sz, rmp_sz);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ *start = rmp_base;
+ *len = rmp_sz;
+
+ pr_info("RMP table physical address 0x%016llx - 0x%016llx\n", rmp_base, rmp_end);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static __init int __snp_rmptable_init(void)
+{
+ u64 rmp_base, sz;
+ void *start;
+ u64 val;
+
+ if (!get_rmptable_info(&rmp_base, &sz))
+ return 1;
+
+ start = memremap(rmp_base, sz, MEMREMAP_WB);
+ if (!start) {
+ pr_err("Failed to map RMP table 0x%llx+0x%llx\n", rmp_base, sz);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Check if SEV-SNP is already enabled, this can happen if we are coming from
+ * kexec boot.
+ */
+ rdmsrl(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG, val);
+ if (val & MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN)
+ goto skip_enable;
+
+ /* Initialize the RMP table to zero */
+ memset(start, 0, sz);
+
+ /* Flush the caches to ensure that data is written before SNP is enabled. */
+ wbinvd_on_all_cpus();
+
+ /* Enable SNP on all CPUs. */
+ on_each_cpu(snp_enable, NULL, 1);
+
+skip_enable:
+ rmptable_start = (unsigned long)start;
+ rmptable_end = rmptable_start + sz;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init snp_rmptable_init(void)
+{
+ if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEV_SNP))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!iommu_sev_snp_supported())
+ goto nosnp;
+
+ if (__snp_rmptable_init())
+ goto nosnp;
+
+ cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, "x86/rmptable_init:online", __snp_enable, NULL);
+
+ return 0;
+
+nosnp:
+ setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_SEV_SNP);
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This must be called after the PCI subsystem. This is because before enabling
+ * the SNP feature we need to ensure that IOMMU supports the SEV-SNP feature.
+ * The iommu_sev_snp_support() is used for checking the feature, and it is
+ * available after subsys_initcall().
+ */
+fs_initcall(snp_rmptable_init);
--
2.25.1
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