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SubjectRe: [v3 PATCH 6/7] mm: thp: kill __transhuge_page_enabled()
On Thu, Jun 9, 2022 at 7:22 PM Zach O'Keefe <zokeefe@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 6, 2022 at 2:44 PM Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > The page fault path checks THP eligibility with
> > __transhuge_page_enabled() which does the similar thing as
> > hugepage_vma_check(), so use hugepage_vma_check() instead.
> >
> > However page fault allows DAX and !anon_vma cases, so added a new flag,
> > in_pf, to hugepage_vma_check() to make page fault work correctly.
> >
> > The in_pf flag is also used to skip shmem and file THP for page fault
> > since shmem handles THP in its own shmem_fault() and file THP allocation
> > on fault is not supported yet.
> >
> > Also remove hugepage_vma_enabled() since hugepage_vma_check() is the
> > only caller now, it is not necessary to have a helper function.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 2 +-
> > include/linux/huge_mm.h | 57 ++------------------------------------
> > include/linux/khugepaged.h | 2 +-
> > mm/huge_memory.c | 25 ++++++++++++-----
> > mm/khugepaged.c | 8 +++---
> > mm/memory.c | 7 +++--
> > 6 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 70 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
> > index fd79566e204c..a0850303baec 100644
> > --- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
> > +++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
> > @@ -860,7 +860,7 @@ static int show_smap(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
> > __show_smap(m, &mss, false);
> >
> > seq_printf(m, "THPeligible: %d\n",
> > - hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags, true));
> > + hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags, true, false));
> >
> > if (arch_pkeys_enabled())
> > seq_printf(m, "ProtectionKey: %8u\n", vma_pkey(vma));
> > diff --git a/include/linux/huge_mm.h b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
> > index f561c3e16def..d478e8875023 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/huge_mm.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
> > @@ -153,48 +153,6 @@ static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > return true;
> > }
> >
> > -static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > - unsigned long vm_flags)
> > -{
> > - /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */
> > - if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) ||
> > - test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags))
> > - return false;
> > - return true;
> > -}
> > -
> > -/*
> > - * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP.
> > - * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise
> > - */
> > -static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> > -{
> > -
> > - /*
> > - * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled.
> > - */
> > - if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX))
> > - return false;
> > -
> > - if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags))
> > - return false;
> > -
> > - if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma))
> > - return false;
> > -
> > - if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG))
> > - return true;
> > -
> > - if (vma_is_dax(vma))
> > - return true;
> > -
> > - if (transparent_hugepage_flags &
> > - (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG))
> > - return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE);
> > -
> > - return false;
> > -}
> > -
> > static inline bool file_thp_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> > {
> > struct inode *inode;
> > @@ -211,7 +169,7 @@ static inline bool file_thp_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> >
> > bool hugepage_vma_check(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > unsigned long vm_flags,
> > - bool smaps);
> > + bool smaps, bool in_pf);
> >
> > #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \
> > (transparent_hugepage_flags & \
> > @@ -355,11 +313,6 @@ static inline bool folio_test_pmd_mappable(struct folio *folio)
> > return false;
> > }
> >
> > -static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> > -{
> > - return false;
> > -}
> > -
> > static inline bool transhuge_vma_size_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> > {
> > return false;
> > @@ -371,15 +324,9 @@ static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > return false;
> > }
> >
> > -static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > - unsigned long vm_flags)
> > -{
> > - return false;
> > -}
> > -
> > static inline bool hugepage_vma_check(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > unsigned long vm_flags,
> > - bool smaps)
> > + bool smaps, bool in_pf)
> > {
> > return false;
> > }
> > diff --git a/include/linux/khugepaged.h b/include/linux/khugepaged.h
> > index 8a6452e089ca..e047be601268 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/khugepaged.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/khugepaged.h
> > @@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ static inline void khugepaged_enter(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > {
> > if (!test_bit(MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE, &vma->vm_mm->flags) &&
> > khugepaged_enabled()) {
> > - if (hugepage_vma_check(vma, vm_flags, false))
> > + if (hugepage_vma_check(vma, vm_flags, false, false))
> > __khugepaged_enter(vma->vm_mm);
> > }
> > }
> > diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
> > index bc8370856e85..b95786ada466 100644
> > --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
> > +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
> > @@ -71,17 +71,25 @@ unsigned long huge_zero_pfn __read_mostly = ~0UL;
> >
> > bool hugepage_vma_check(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > unsigned long vm_flags,
> > - bool smaps)
> > + bool smaps, bool in_pf)
> > {
> > - if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vm_flags))
> > + /* Explicitly disabled through madvise or prctl. */
>
> Or s390 kvm (not that this has to be exhaustively maintained).
>
> > + if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) ||
> > + test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags))
> > + return false;
> > + /*
> > + * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled.
> > + */
> > + if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX))
> > return false;
>
> This introduces an extra check for khugepaged path. I don't know
> enough about TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, but I assume this is ok?
> What would have happened previously if khugepaged tried to collapse
> this memory?

Please refer to commit bae849538157 ("mm/pmem: avoid inserting
hugepage PTE entry with fsdax if hugepage support is disabled") for
why this flag was introduced.

It is set if hardware doesn't support hugepages, and khugepaged
doesn't collapse since khugepaged won't be started at all.

But this flag needs to be checked in the page fault path.

>
> > + /* Special VMA and hugetlb VMA */
> > if (vm_flags & VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED)
> > return false;
>
> This adds an extra check along the fault path. Is it also safe to add?

I think it is safe since hugepage_vma_check() is just used by THP.
Hugetlb has its own page fault handler.

>
> > - /* Don't run khugepaged against DAX vma */
> > + /* khugepaged doesn't collapse DAX vma, but page fault is fine. */
> > if (vma_is_dax(vma))
> > - return false;
> > + return in_pf;
>
> I assume vma_is_temporary_stack() and vma_is_dax() is mutually exclusive.

I think so.

>
> > if (vma->vm_file && !IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) -
> > vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR))
> > @@ -91,7 +99,7 @@ bool hugepage_vma_check(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > return false;
> >
> > /* Enabled via shmem mount options or sysfs settings. */
> > - if (shmem_file(vma->vm_file))
> > + if (!in_pf && shmem_file(vma->vm_file))
> > return shmem_huge_enabled(vma);
>
> Will shmem_file() ever be true in the fault path? Or is this just an
> optimization?

It could be true. But shmem has its own implementation for huge page
fault and doesn't implement huge_fault() in its vm_operations, so it
will fallback even though "in_pf" is not checked.

But xfs does have huge_fault() implemented, so it may try to allocate
THP for non-DAX xfs files. So the "in_pf" flag is introduced to handle
this. Since we need this flag anyway, why not use it to return earlier
for shmem instead of relying on fallback.

Anyway this is all because __transparent_huge_enabled() is replaced by
hugepage_vma_check().

> > if (!khugepaged_enabled())
> > @@ -102,7 +110,7 @@ bool hugepage_vma_check(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > return false;
> >
> > /* Only regular file is valid */
> > - if (file_thp_enabled(vma))
> > + if (!in_pf && file_thp_enabled(vma))
> > return true;
>
> Likewise for file_thp_enabled()

Yes, same as the above.

>
> > if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma))
> > @@ -114,9 +122,12 @@ bool hugepage_vma_check(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > /*
> > * THPeligible bit of smaps should show 1 for proper VMAs even
> > * though anon_vma is not initialized yet.
> > + *
> > + * Allow page fault since anon_vma may be not initialized until
> > + * the first page fault.
> > */
> > if (!vma->anon_vma)
> > - return smaps;
> > + return (smaps || in_pf);
> >
> > return true;
> > }
> > diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
> > index aa0769e3b0d9..ab6183c5489f 100644
> > --- a/mm/khugepaged.c
> > +++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
> > @@ -473,7 +473,7 @@ void khugepaged_enter_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > {
> > if (!test_bit(MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE, &vma->vm_mm->flags) &&
> > khugepaged_enabled()) {
> > - if (hugepage_vma_check(vma, vm_flags, false))
> > + if (hugepage_vma_check(vma, vm_flags, false, false))
> > __khugepaged_enter(vma->vm_mm);
> > }
> > }
> > @@ -918,7 +918,7 @@ static int hugepage_vma_revalidate(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
> >
> > if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, address))
> > return SCAN_ADDRESS_RANGE;
> > - if (!hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags, false))
> > + if (!hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags, false, false))
> > return SCAN_VMA_CHECK;
> > return 0;
> > }
> > @@ -1399,7 +1399,7 @@ void collapse_pte_mapped_thp(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
> > * the valid THP. Add extra VM_HUGEPAGE so hugepage_vma_check()
> > * will not fail the vma for missing VM_HUGEPAGE
> > */
> > - if (!hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags | VM_HUGEPAGE, false))
> > + if (!hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags | VM_HUGEPAGE, false, false))
> > return;
> >
> > /* Keep pmd pgtable for uffd-wp; see comment in retract_page_tables() */
> > @@ -2089,7 +2089,7 @@ static unsigned int khugepaged_scan_mm_slot(unsigned int pages,
> > progress++;
> > break;
> > }
> > - if (!hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags, false)) {
> > + if (!hugepage_vma_check(vma, vma->vm_flags, false, false)) {
> > skip:
> > progress++;
> > continue;
> > diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
> > index bc5d40eec5d5..673f7561a30a 100644
> > --- a/mm/memory.c
> > +++ b/mm/memory.c
> > @@ -4962,6 +4962,7 @@ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma),
> > };
> > struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
> > + unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
> > pgd_t *pgd;
> > p4d_t *p4d;
> > vm_fault_t ret;
> > @@ -4975,7 +4976,8 @@ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > if (!vmf.pud)
> > return VM_FAULT_OOM;
> > retry_pud:
> > - if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) {
> > + if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) &&
> > + hugepage_vma_check(vma, vm_flags, false, true)) {
> > ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf);
> > if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK))
> > return ret;
> > @@ -5008,7 +5010,8 @@ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud))
> > goto retry_pud;
> >
> > - if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) {
> > + if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) &&
> > + hugepage_vma_check(vma, vm_flags, false, true)) {
> > ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf);
> > if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK))
> > return ret;
> > --
> > 2.26.3
> >
> >

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