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Subject[PATCH v4 3/4] fat: add renameat2 RENAME_EXCHANGE flag support
Date
The renameat2 RENAME_EXCHANGE flag allows to atomically exchange two paths
but is currently not supported by the Linux vfat filesystem driver.

Add a vfat_rename_exchange() helper function that implements this support.

The super block lock is acquired during the operation to ensure atomicity,
and in the error path actions made are reversed also with the mutex held.

It makes the operation as transactional as possible, within the limitation
impossed by vfat due not having a journal with logs to replay.

Signed-off-by: Javier Martinez Canillas <javierm@redhat.com>
---

Changes in v4:
- Rebase the patch on top of OGAWA Hirofumi proposed changes.
- Drop iversion increment for old and new file inodes (OGAWA Hirofumi).

Changes in v2:
- Only update the new_dir inode version and timestamps if != old_dir
(Alex Larsson).
- Add some helper functions to avoid duplicating code (OGAWA Hirofumi).
- Use braces for multi-lines blocks even if are one statement (OGAWA Hirofumi).
- Mention in commit message that the operation is as transactional as possible
but within the vfat limitations of not having a journal (Colin Walters).

fs/fat/namei_vfat.c | 114 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 113 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/fat/namei_vfat.c b/fs/fat/namei_vfat.c
index 9c04053a8f1c..725ab9404c53 100644
--- a/fs/fat/namei_vfat.c
+++ b/fs/fat/namei_vfat.c
@@ -1042,13 +1042,125 @@ static int vfat_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
goto out;
}

+static void vfat_exchange_ipos(struct inode *old_inode, struct inode *new_inode,
+ loff_t old_i_pos, loff_t new_i_pos)
+{
+ fat_detach(old_inode);
+ fat_detach(new_inode);
+ fat_attach(old_inode, new_i_pos);
+ fat_attach(new_inode, old_i_pos);
+}
+
+static int vfat_rename_exchange(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
+ struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *old_dotdot_bh = NULL, *new_dotdot_bh = NULL;
+ struct msdos_dir_entry *old_dotdot_de = NULL, *new_dotdot_de = NULL;
+ struct inode *old_inode, *new_inode;
+ struct timespec64 ts = current_time(old_dir);
+ loff_t old_i_pos, new_i_pos;
+ int err, corrupt = 0;
+ struct super_block *sb = old_dir->i_sb;
+
+ old_inode = d_inode(old_dentry);
+ new_inode = d_inode(new_dentry);
+
+ /* Acquire super block lock for the operation to be atomic */
+ mutex_lock(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->s_lock);
+
+ /* if directories are not the same, get ".." info to update */
+ if (old_dir != new_dir) {
+ err = vfat_get_dotdot_de(old_inode, &old_dotdot_bh,
+ &old_dotdot_de);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ err = vfat_get_dotdot_de(new_inode, &new_dotdot_bh,
+ &new_dotdot_de);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ old_i_pos = MSDOS_I(old_inode)->i_pos;
+ new_i_pos = MSDOS_I(new_inode)->i_pos;
+
+ vfat_exchange_ipos(old_inode, new_inode, old_i_pos, new_i_pos);
+
+ err = vfat_sync_ipos(old_dir, new_inode);
+ if (err)
+ goto error_exchange;
+ err = vfat_sync_ipos(new_dir, old_inode);
+ if (err)
+ goto error_exchange;
+
+ /* update ".." directory entry info */
+ if (old_dotdot_de) {
+ err = vfat_update_dotdot_de(new_dir, old_inode, old_dotdot_bh,
+ old_dotdot_de);
+ if (err)
+ goto error_old_dotdot;
+ drop_nlink(old_dir);
+ inc_nlink(new_dir);
+ }
+
+ if (new_dotdot_de) {
+ err = vfat_update_dotdot_de(old_dir, new_inode, new_dotdot_bh,
+ new_dotdot_de);
+ if (err)
+ goto error_new_dotdot;
+ drop_nlink(new_dir);
+ inc_nlink(old_dir);
+ }
+
+ vfat_update_dir_metadata(old_dir, &ts);
+ /* if directories are not the same, update new_dir as well */
+ if (old_dir != new_dir)
+ vfat_update_dir_metadata(new_dir, &ts);
+
+out:
+ brelse(old_dotdot_bh);
+ brelse(new_dotdot_bh);
+ mutex_unlock(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->s_lock);
+
+ return err;
+
+error_new_dotdot:
+ if (new_dotdot_de) {
+ corrupt |= vfat_update_dotdot_de(new_dir, new_inode,
+ new_dotdot_bh, new_dotdot_de);
+ }
+
+error_old_dotdot:
+ if (old_dotdot_de) {
+ corrupt |= vfat_update_dotdot_de(old_dir, old_inode,
+ old_dotdot_bh, old_dotdot_de);
+ }
+
+error_exchange:
+ vfat_exchange_ipos(old_inode, new_inode, new_i_pos, old_i_pos);
+ corrupt |= vfat_sync_ipos(new_dir, new_inode);
+ corrupt |= vfat_sync_ipos(old_dir, old_inode);
+
+ if (corrupt < 0) {
+ fat_fs_error(new_dir->i_sb,
+ "%s: Filesystem corrupted (i_pos %lld, %lld)",
+ __func__, old_i_pos, new_i_pos);
+ }
+ goto out;
+}
+
static int vfat_rename2(struct user_namespace *mnt_userns, struct inode *old_dir,
struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir,
struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags)
{
- if (flags & ~RENAME_NOREPLACE)
+ if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE))
return -EINVAL;

+ if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) {
+ return vfat_rename_exchange(old_dir, old_dentry,
+ new_dir, new_dentry);
+ }
+
/* VFS already handled RENAME_NOREPLACE, handle it as a normal rename */
return vfat_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry);
}
--
2.36.1
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