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SubjectRe: [PATCH] PM: runtime: Have devm_pm_runtime_enable() handle pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend()
Hi Ulf,

On Tue, Mar 01, 2022 at 12:18:02PM +0100, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> On Tue, 1 Mar 2022 at 11:49, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> > On Tue, Mar 01, 2022 at 11:26:46AM +0100, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> > > On Wed, 23 Feb 2022 at 17:35, Douglas Anderson wrote:
> > > >
> > > > The PM Runtime docs say:
> > > > Drivers in ->remove() callback should undo the runtime PM changes done
> > > > in ->probe(). Usually this means calling pm_runtime_disable(),
> > > > pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend() etc.
> > > >
> > > > From grepping code, it's clear that many people aren't aware of the
> > > > need to call pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend().
> > >
> > > Well, I admit it's good practice that they should take care of this.
> > >
> > > However, it doesn't really matter to keep the autosuspend turned on
> > > when runtime PM becomes disabled, I think. When the driver gets probed
> > > again, it will most likely call pm_runtime_use_autosuspend() again,
> > > which should work fine, right?
> >
> > For the probe path I agree, but are there valid use cases where, at
> > runtime, a driver would disable runtime PM and re-enable it a bit later
> > ? If so, we need to ensure this won't disable auto-suspend.
>
> I am not sure I fully understand whether there is a problem.
>
> Can you perhaps write the sequence of the runtime PM calls that may
> cause an issue?

Simply

pm_runtime_disable();
/* Do something that requires runtime PM to be disabled */
pm_runtime_enable();

at runtime (not at probe or remove time). If probe() has enabled
auto-suspend, we don't want the above sequence to disable it. What I'm
not sure is if there are any valid use cases for the above sequence.

> > > > When brainstorming solutions, one idea that came up was to leverage
> > > > the new-ish devm_pm_runtime_enable() function. The idea here is that:
> > > > * When the devm action is called we know that the driver is being
> > > > removed. It's the perfect time to undo the use_autosuspend.
> > > > * The code of pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend() already handles the
> > > > case of being called when autosuspend wasn't enabled.
> > >
> > > Hmm, I am hesitating to extend devm_pm_runtime_enable(), as it
> > > currently makes it look too simple to turn off things at ->remove()
> > > for runtime PM. While in fact it's more complicated.
> > >
> > > A bigger problem, for example, is that a driver calls
> > > pm_runtime_put_sync() during ->remove(), relying on that it actually
> > > ends up calling its ->runtime_suspend() callback to turn off various
> > > specific resources for the device. And in fact there are no guarantees
> > > that will happen - and when it doesn't, the next time the driver's
> > > ->probe() runs, things are likely to be really screwed up.
> > >
> > > To cover this case, one could use the below code in the ->remove() callback:
> > >
> > > ...
> > > pm_runtime_get_sync();
> > >
> > > "turn off resources for the devices - like calling
> > > clk_disable_unprepare(), for example"
> > >
> > > pm_runtime_disable();
> > > pm_runtime_put_noidle();
> > > ...
> > >
> > > In this example, it would be too late to call pm_runtime_disable()
> > > through the pm_runtime_disable_action().
> >
> > My experience with runtime PM is that it's hard to use, at least if you
> > want to get it right :-) That's especially the case if a driver wants to
> > support both CONFIG_PM and !CONFIG_PM. Here's an example at probe time:
> >
> > /*
> > * We need the driver to work in the event that CONFIG_PM is disabled in
> > * the kernel, so power up and verify the chip now. In the event that
> > * CONFIG_PM is disabled this will leave the chip on, so that streaming
> > * will work.
> > */
> > ret = ov5693_sensor_powerup(ov5693);
> > if (ret)
> > goto err_media_entity_cleanup;
> >
> > ret = ov5693_detect(ov5693);
> > if (ret)
> > goto err_powerdown;
> >
> > pm_runtime_set_active(&client->dev);
> > pm_runtime_get_noresume(&client->dev);
> > pm_runtime_enable(&client->dev);
> >
> > ret = v4l2_async_register_subdev_sensor(&ov5693->sd);
> > if (ret) {
> > dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to register V4L2 subdev: %d",
> > ret);
> > goto err_pm_runtime;
> > }
> >
> > pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(&client->dev, 1000);
> > pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(&client->dev);
> > pm_runtime_put_autosuspend(&client->dev);
> >
> > And the corresponding code at remove time:
> >
> > /*
> > * Disable runtime PM. In case CONFIG_PM is disabled in the kernel,
> > * make sure to turn power off manually.
> > */
> > pm_runtime_disable(&client->dev);
> > if (!pm_runtime_status_suspended(&client->dev))
> > ov5693_sensor_powerdown(ov5693);
> > pm_runtime_set_suspended(&client->dev);
> >
> > And of course there's no documentation that explains all this, so there
> > are endless variations of patterns originating from cargo-cult
> > programming.
> >
> > I don't know what the right solution is, but we need to move towards an
> > easier to use API if we want drivers to get it right. Any step in that
> > direction would be welcome.
>
> Yep, I fully agree with you, while it's not an easy task. At least the
> example above looks fine to me. :-)

It took me several days to figure out how to get it right. Most
developers don't bother, so we end up with drivers broken in different
ways :-S

> Recently I noticed that some drivers are calling
> pm_runtime_force_suspend() at ->remove(). This works fine in quite
> many cases, but it wouldn't solve the case when CONFIG_PM is unset.
>
> Perhaps we should explore adding a new API, along the lines of
> pm_runtime_force_suspend(), but make it specific for the ->remove()
> path, and in some way make it work for when CONFIG_PM is unset too.

I'm all for an improved API for drivers that would make the above
simpler. And documentation too, Documentation/power/runtime_pm.rst is
more of a documentation of the runtime PM core than the driver API.
There are some useful tips for drivers, but they're lost in a sea of
difficult to understand and/or irrelevant information (and there's also
a tiny bit of information in Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst).
We're missing a document targetted at driver authors.

> > > > Suggested-by: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
> > > > ---
> > > >
> > > > drivers/base/power/runtime.c | 5 +++++
> > > > include/linux/pm_runtime.h | 4 ++++
> > > > 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/base/power/runtime.c b/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
> > > > index 2f3cce17219b..d4059e6ffeae 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
> > > > @@ -1476,11 +1476,16 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_runtime_enable);
> > > >
> > > > static void pm_runtime_disable_action(void *data)
> > > > {
> > > > + pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend(data);
> > > > pm_runtime_disable(data);
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > /**
> > > > * devm_pm_runtime_enable - devres-enabled version of pm_runtime_enable.
> > > > + *
> > > > + * NOTE: this will also handle calling pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend() for
> > > > + * you at driver exit time if needed.
> > > > + *
> > > > * @dev: Device to handle.
> > > > */
> > > > int devm_pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev)
> > > > diff --git a/include/linux/pm_runtime.h b/include/linux/pm_runtime.h
> > > > index 9f09601c465a..2bff6a10095d 100644
> > > > --- a/include/linux/pm_runtime.h
> > > > +++ b/include/linux/pm_runtime.h
> > > > @@ -567,6 +567,10 @@ static inline void pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev)
> > > > * Allow the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism to be used for @dev whenever
> > > > * requested (or "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for
> > > > * it).
> > > > + *
> > > > + * NOTE: It's important to undo this with pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend()
> > > > + * at driver exit time unless your driver initially enabled pm_runtime
> > > > + * with devm_pm_runtime_enable() (which handles it for you).
> > > > */
> > > > static inline void pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev)
> > > > {

--
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart

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