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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 1/3] usb: typec: tcpm: Add callbacks to mitigate wakeups due to contaminant
On Sat, Dec 10, 2022 at 1:58 AM Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> wrote:
>
> On 12/9/22 22:16, Badhri Jagan Sridharan wrote:
> > On some of the TCPC implementations, when the Type-C port is exposed
> > to contaminants, such as water, TCPC stops toggling while reporting OPEN
> > either by the time TCPM reads CC pin status or during CC debounce
> > window. This causes TCPM to be stuck in TOGGLING state. If TCPM is made
> > to restart toggling, the behavior recurs causing redundant CPU wakeups
> > till the USB-C port is free of contaminant.
> >
> > [206199.287817] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [206199.640337] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [206199.985789] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> >
> > (or)
> >
> > [ 7853.867577] Start toggling
> > [ 7853.889921] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [ 7855.698765] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 5 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, connected]
> > [ 7855.698790] state change TOGGLING -> SNK_ATTACH_WAIT [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7855.698826] pending state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_DEBOUNCED @ 170 ms [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7855.703559] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 5 -> 5 [state SNK_ATTACH_WAIT, polarity 0, connected]
> > [ 7855.856555] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 5 -> 0 [state SNK_ATTACH_WAIT, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [ 7855.856581] state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_ATTACH_WAIT [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7855.856613] pending state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_UNATTACHED @ 170 ms [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7856.027744] state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_UNATTACHED [delayed 170 ms]
> > [ 7856.181949] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [ 7856.187896] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [ 7857.645630] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 0 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [ 7857.647291] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 0 -> 5 [state TOGGLING, polarity 0, connected]
> > [ 7857.647298] state change TOGGLING -> SNK_ATTACH_WAIT [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7857.647310] pending state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_DEBOUNCED @ 170 ms [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7857.808106] CC1: 0 -> 0, CC2: 5 -> 0 [state SNK_ATTACH_WAIT, polarity 0, disconnected]
> > [ 7857.808123] state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_ATTACH_WAIT [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7857.808150] pending state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_UNATTACHED @ 170 ms [rev3 NONE_AMS]
> > [ 7857.978727] state change SNK_ATTACH_WAIT -> SNK_UNATTACHED [delayed 170 ms]
> >
> > To mitigate redundant TCPM wakeups, TCPCs which do have the needed hardware
> > can implement the check_contaminant callback which is invoked by TCPM
> > to evaluate for presence of contaminant. Lower level TCPC driver can
> > restart toggling through TCPM_PORT_CLEAN event when the driver detects
> > that USB-C port is free of contaminant. check_contaminant callback also passes
> > the disconnect_while_debounce flag which when true denotes that the CC pins
> > transitioned to OPEN state during the CC debounce window.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Badhri Jagan Sridharan <badhri@google.com>
> > ---
> > Changes since v7:
> > * None. Skipped versions by mistake.
> > Changes since v6:
> > * folded the debounce logic into tcpm state machine and removed tcpm
> > * state export.
> > * Added a helper to determine whether the port is in toggling state.
> > * Excluded CHECK_CONTAMINANT from tcpm_log.
> > Changes since v5:
> > * Updated commit message. Removed change id.
> > Changes since v4:
> > * None
> > Changes since v3:
> > * None
> > Changes since V2:
> > * Offloaded tcpm from maintaining disconnect_while_debouncing logic
> > * to lower level maxim tcpc driver based on feedback.
> > ---
> > drivers/usb/typec/tcpm/tcpm.c | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > include/linux/usb/tcpm.h | 8 ++++++
> > 2 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/usb/typec/tcpm/tcpm.c b/drivers/usb/typec/tcpm/tcpm.c
> > index 904c7b4ce2f0..5f514e5e6e2a 100644
> > --- a/drivers/usb/typec/tcpm/tcpm.c
> > +++ b/drivers/usb/typec/tcpm/tcpm.c
> > @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
> > #define FOREACH_STATE(S) \
> > S(INVALID_STATE), \
> > S(TOGGLING), \
> > + S(CHECK_CONTAMINANT), \
> > S(SRC_UNATTACHED), \
> > S(SRC_ATTACH_WAIT), \
> > S(SRC_ATTACHED), \
> > @@ -249,6 +250,7 @@ enum frs_typec_current {
> > #define TCPM_RESET_EVENT BIT(2)
> > #define TCPM_FRS_EVENT BIT(3)
> > #define TCPM_SOURCING_VBUS BIT(4)
> > +#define TCPM_PORT_CLEAN BIT(5)
> >
> > #define LOG_BUFFER_ENTRIES 1024
> > #define LOG_BUFFER_ENTRY_SIZE 128
> > @@ -483,6 +485,13 @@ struct tcpm_port {
> > * SNK_READY for non-pd link.
> > */
> > bool slow_charger_loop;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * When true indicates that the lower level drivers indicate potential presence
> > + * of contaminant in the connector pins based on the tcpm state machine
> > + * transitions.
> > + */
> > + bool potential_contaminant;
> > #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
> > struct dentry *dentry;
> > struct mutex logbuffer_lock; /* log buffer access lock */
> > @@ -647,7 +656,7 @@ static void tcpm_log(struct tcpm_port *port, const char *fmt, ...)
> > /* Do not log while disconnected and unattached */
> > if (tcpm_port_is_disconnected(port) &&
> > (port->state == SRC_UNATTACHED || port->state == SNK_UNATTACHED ||
> > - port->state == TOGGLING))
> > + port->state == TOGGLING || port->state == CHECK_CONTAMINANT))
> > return;
> >
> > va_start(args, fmt);
> > @@ -3904,15 +3913,28 @@ static void run_state_machine(struct tcpm_port *port)
> > unsigned int msecs;
> > enum tcpm_state upcoming_state;
> >
> > + if (port->tcpc->check_contaminant && port->state != CHECK_CONTAMINANT)
> > + port->potential_contaminant = ((port->enter_state == SRC_ATTACH_WAIT &&
> > + port->state == SRC_UNATTACHED) ||
> > + (port->enter_state == SNK_ATTACH_WAIT &&
> > + port->state == SNK_UNATTACHED));
> > +
> > port->enter_state = port->state;
> > switch (port->state) {
> > case TOGGLING:
> > break;
> > + case CHECK_CONTAMINANT:
> > + port->tcpc->check_contaminant(port->tcpc);
> > + break;
> > /* SRC states */
> > case SRC_UNATTACHED:
> > if (!port->non_pd_role_swap)
> > tcpm_swap_complete(port, -ENOTCONN);
> > tcpm_src_detach(port);
> > + if (port->potential_contaminant) {
> > + tcpm_set_state(port, CHECK_CONTAMINANT, 0);
> > + break;
> > + }
> > if (tcpm_start_toggling(port, tcpm_rp_cc(port))) {
> > tcpm_set_state(port, TOGGLING, 0);
> > break;
> > @@ -4150,6 +4172,10 @@ static void run_state_machine(struct tcpm_port *port)
> > tcpm_swap_complete(port, -ENOTCONN);
> > tcpm_pps_complete(port, -ENOTCONN);
> > tcpm_snk_detach(port);
> > + if (port->potential_contaminant) {
> > + tcpm_set_state(port, CHECK_CONTAMINANT, 0);
> > + break;
> > + }
> > if (tcpm_start_toggling(port, TYPEC_CC_RD)) {
> > tcpm_set_state(port, TOGGLING, 0);
> > break;
> > @@ -4926,6 +4952,9 @@ static void _tcpm_cc_change(struct tcpm_port *port, enum typec_cc_status cc1,
> > else if (tcpm_port_is_sink(port))
> > tcpm_set_state(port, SNK_ATTACH_WAIT, 0);
> > break;
> > + case CHECK_CONTAMINANT:
> > + /* Wait for Toggling to be resumed */
> > + break;
> > case SRC_UNATTACHED:
> > case ACC_UNATTACHED:
> > if (tcpm_port_is_debug(port) || tcpm_port_is_audio(port) ||
> > @@ -5425,6 +5454,11 @@ static void tcpm_pd_event_handler(struct kthread_work *work)
> > port->vbus_source = true;
> > _tcpm_pd_vbus_on(port);
> > }
> > + if (events & TCPM_PORT_CLEAN) {
> > + tcpm_log(port, "port clean");
> > + if (port->state == CHECK_CONTAMINANT)
> > + tcpm_set_state(port, TOGGLING, 0);
> > + }
> >
>
> I just realized: This never calls tcpm_start_toggling(), meaning the
> start_toggling() callback will never be called. Worse, if the callback
> doesn't exist the state machine may be stuck. How does the state machine
> ever really start toggling in this situation ?

Good points ! Fixed both the problems in v10.
a) Only if the lower level callback exists, TCPM will transition into
CHECK_CONTAMINANT state.
port->potential_contaminant only set when
port->tcpc->check_contaminant is installed. I have fixed this in the
tcpci.c driver as well in v10.

b) tcpm now invokes tcpm_start_toggling() before transitioning into
TOGGLING from CHECK_CONTAMINANT state

Thanks,
Badhri

>
> Thanks,
> Guenter
>
> > spin_lock(&port->pd_event_lock);
> > }
> > @@ -5477,6 +5511,21 @@ void tcpm_sourcing_vbus(struct tcpm_port *port)
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tcpm_sourcing_vbus);
> >
> > +void tcpm_port_clean(struct tcpm_port *port)
> > +{
> > + spin_lock(&port->pd_event_lock);
> > + port->pd_events |= TCPM_PORT_CLEAN;
> > + spin_unlock(&port->pd_event_lock);
> > + kthread_queue_work(port->wq, &port->event_work);
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tcpm_port_clean);
> > +
> > +bool tcpm_port_is_toggling(struct tcpm_port *port)
> > +{
> > + return port->port_type == TYPEC_PORT_DRP && port->state == TOGGLING;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tcpm_port_is_toggling);
> > +
> > static void tcpm_enable_frs_work(struct kthread_work *work)
> > {
> > struct tcpm_port *port = container_of(work, struct tcpm_port, enable_frs);
> > diff --git a/include/linux/usb/tcpm.h b/include/linux/usb/tcpm.h
> > index bffc8d3e14ad..ab7ca872950b 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/usb/tcpm.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/usb/tcpm.h
> > @@ -114,6 +114,11 @@ enum tcpm_transmit_type {
> > * Optional; The USB Communications Capable bit indicates if port
> > * partner is capable of communication over the USB data lines
> > * (e.g. D+/- or SS Tx/Rx). Called to notify the status of the bit.
> > + * @check_contaminant:
> > + * Optional; The callback is called when CC pins report open status
> > + * at the end of the deboumce period or when the port is still
> > + * toggling. Chip level drivers are expected to check for contaminant
> > + * and call tcpm_clean_port when the port is clean.
> > */
> > struct tcpc_dev {
> > struct fwnode_handle *fwnode;
> > @@ -148,6 +153,7 @@ struct tcpc_dev {
> > bool pps_active, u32 requested_vbus_voltage);
> > bool (*is_vbus_vsafe0v)(struct tcpc_dev *dev);
> > void (*set_partner_usb_comm_capable)(struct tcpc_dev *dev, bool enable);
> > + void (*check_contaminant)(struct tcpc_dev *dev);
> > };
> >
> > struct tcpm_port;
> > @@ -165,5 +171,7 @@ void tcpm_pd_transmit_complete(struct tcpm_port *port,
> > enum tcpm_transmit_status status);
> > void tcpm_pd_hard_reset(struct tcpm_port *port);
> > void tcpm_tcpc_reset(struct tcpm_port *port);
> > +void tcpm_port_clean(struct tcpm_port *port);
> > +bool tcpm_port_is_toggling(struct tcpm_port *port);
> >
> > #endif /* __LINUX_USB_TCPM_H */
> >
> > base-commit: 1524ceb14dd5ebd6f724d993c5ec1a9a8d445d8e
>

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