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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5] ACPI: Move sdei_init and ghes_init ahead to handle platform errors earlier
Hi, Bjorn,

Thank you for your valuable comments.

在 2022/1/20 AM4:42, Bjorn Helgaas 写道:
> On Wed, Jan 19, 2022 at 02:40:11PM +0800, Shuai Xue wrote:
>> [+to Rafael, question about HEST/GHES/SDEI init]
>> Hi, Bjorn,
>> Thank you for your comments and quick reply.
>> 在 2022/1/19 AM6:49, Bjorn Helgaas 写道:
>>> On Sun, Jan 16, 2022 at 04:43:10PM +0800, Shuai Xue wrote:
>>>> On an ACPI system, ACPI is initialised very early from a
>>>> subsys_initcall(), while SDEI is not ready until a
>>>> subsys_initcall_sync(). This patch is to reduce the time before GHES
>>>> initialization.
>>>> The SDEI driver provides functions (e.g. apei_sdei_register_ghes(),
>>>> apei_sdei_unregister_ghes()) to register or unregister event callback
>>>> for dispatcher in firmware. When the GHES driver probing, it registers
>>>> the corresponding callback according to the notification type specified
>>>> by GHES. If the GHES notification type is SDEI, the GHES driver will
>>>> call apei_sdei_register_ghes() to register event call.
>>>> When the firmware emits an event, it migrates the handling of the event
>>>> into the kernel at the registered entry-point __sdei_asm_handler. And
>>>> finally, the kernel will call the registered event callback and return
>>>> status_code to indicate the status of event handling. SDEI_EV_FAILED
>>>> indicates that the kernel failed to handle the event.
>>>> Consequently, when an error occurs during kernel booting, the kernel is
>>>> unable to handle and report errors until the GHES driver is initialized
>>>> by device_initcall(), in which the event callback is registered. For
>>>> example, when the kernel booting, the console logs many times from
>>>> firmware before GHES drivers init in our platform:
>>>> Trip in MM PCIe RAS handle(Intr:910)
>>>> Clean PE[1.1.1] ERR_STS:0x4000100 -> 0 INT_STS:F0000000
>>>> Find RP(98:1.0)
>>>> --Walk dev(98:1.0) CE:0 UCE:4000
>>>> ...
>>>> ERROR: sdei_dispatch_event(32a) ret:-1
>>>> --handler(910) end
>>> If I understand correctly, the firmware noticed an error, tried to
>>> report it to the kernel, and is complaining because the kernel isn't
>>> ready to handle it yet. And the reason for this patch is to reduce
>>> these complaints from the firmware.
>> My thoughts exactly :)
>>> That doesn't seem like a very good reason for this patch. There is
>>> *always* a window before the kernel is ready to handle events from the
>>> firmware.
>> Yes, there is always a window. But if we could do better in kernel that
>> reduces the window by 90% (from 33 seconds to 3 second), why not?
>>> Why is the firmware noticing these errors in the first place? If
>>> you're seeing these complaints regularly, my guess is that either you
>>> have some terrible hardware or (more likely) the firmware isn't
>>> clearing some expected error condition correctly. For example, maybe
>>> the Unsupported Request errors that happen while enumerating PCIe
>>> devices are being reported.
>>> If you register the callback function, the kernel will now start
>>> seeing these error reports. What happens then? Does the kernel log
>>> the errors somewhere? Is that better than the current situation where
>>> the firmware logs them?
>> Yep, it is a hardware issue. The firmware only logs in console
>> (ttyAMA0) and we can not see it in kernel side. After the kernel
>> starts seeing these error reports, we could see EDAC/ghes and
>> efi/cper detailed logs in dmesg. We did not notice the problem until
>> we check the console log, which inspired us to reduce the window
>> when kernel startup, so that we can see the message clearly and
>> properly. I think the intuition is to check the log of dmesg, not
>> the console.
>>> However, I DO think that:
>>> - Removing acpi_hest_init() from acpi_pci_root_init(), and
>>> - Converting ghes_init() and sdei_init() from initcalls to explicit
>>> calls
>>> are very good reasons to do something like this patch because HEST is
>>> not PCI-specific, and IMO, explicit calls are better than initcalls
>>> because initcall ordering is implicit and not well-defined within a
>>> level.
>> Haha, if the above reasons still don't convince you, I would like to
>> accept yours :) Should we do it in one patch or separate it into two
>> patches?
> IMO, this can be done in one patch, but this would probably go via
> Rafael.

Got it, I will send a new patch and cc to Rafael.

>>>> -static int __init ghes_init(void)
>>>> +void __init ghes_init(void)
>>>> {
>>>> int rc;
>>>> if (acpi_disabled)
>>>> - return -ENODEV;
>>>> + return;
>>>> switch (hest_disable) {
>>>> case HEST_NOT_FOUND:
>>>> - return -ENODEV;
>>>> + pr_info(GHES_PFX "HEST is not found!\n");
>>> I don't know whether this "HEST is not found" message is
>>> worthwhile or not. I don't think lack of an HEST is an error, and
>>> users may be alarmed. But this is an ACPI thing, so up to you and
>>> Rafael.
>> If we explicit call ghes_init(), we can't tell if ghes is
>> initialized successfully based on the return value of initcall. So I
>> add a info message.
> When ghes_init() is an initcall and you return -ENODEV for the
> HEST_NOT_FOUND case, I don't think we log any message about that, do
> we? do_one_initcall() will capture and return the -ENODEV, but the
> caller (do_initcall_level()) just ignores it.

I see, thank you. I will delete it in next version.

>>>> @@ -1495,8 +1494,7 @@ static int __init ghes_init(void)
>>>> else
>>>> pr_info(GHES_PFX "Failed to enable APEI firmware first mode.\n");
>>>> - return 0;
>>>> + return;
>>>> err:
>>>> - return rc;
>>>> + ghes_disable = 1;
>>> Why do you set ghes_disable here? As far as I can tell, we will never
>>> look at it again. The places we do look at it are:
>>> - ghes_init(): earlier in this function, so we've already done that,
>>> - acpi_hest_init(): we've already called that, too, and
>>> - acpi_bus_osc_negotiate_platform_control(): called from
>>> acpi_bus_init(), which we've already called.
>> I add it for future potential usage. Thank you for pointing it out.
>> If you think it is not necessary, I will delete it in next version.
> I think it is not necessary to save information that will never be
> used. If you need it in the future, you can add it and the reason
> will be obvious.
> Bjorn

You are right. I will delete it.

Best Regards,

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