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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 2/9] clk: tegra: Fix refcounting of gate clocks
From
Date
14.07.2021 14:48, Jon Hunter пишет:
>
> On 16/05/2021 17:30, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
>> The refcounting of the gate clocks has a bug causing the enable_refcnt
>> to underflow when unused clocks are disabled. This happens because clk
>> provider erroneously bumps the refcount if clock is enabled at a boot
>> time, which it shouldn't be doing, and it does this only for the gate
>> clocks, while peripheral clocks are using the same gate ops and the
>> peripheral clocks are missing the initial bump. Hence the refcount of
>> the peripheral clocks is 0 when unused clocks are disabled and then the
>> counter is decremented further by the gate ops, causing the integer
>> underflow.
>>
>> Fix this problem by removing the erroneous bump and by implementing the
>> disable_unused() callback, which disables the unused gates properly.
>>
>> The visible effect of the bug is such that the unused clocks are never
>> gated if a loaded kernel module grabs the unused clocks and starts to use
>> them. In practice this shouldn't cause any real problems for the drivers
>> and boards supported by the kernel today.
>>
>> Acked-by: Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph-gate.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++----------
>> drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph.c | 11 +++++
>> 2 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph-gate.c b/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph-gate.c
>> index 4b31beefc9fc..dc3f92678407 100644
>> --- a/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph-gate.c
>> +++ b/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph-gate.c
>> @@ -48,18 +48,9 @@ static int clk_periph_is_enabled(struct clk_hw *hw)
>> return state;
>> }
>>
>> -static int clk_periph_enable(struct clk_hw *hw)
>> +static void clk_periph_enable_locked(struct clk_hw *hw)
>> {
>> struct tegra_clk_periph_gate *gate = to_clk_periph_gate(hw);
>> - unsigned long flags = 0;
>> -
>> - spin_lock_irqsave(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>> -
>> - gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num]++;
>> - if (gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num] > 1) {
>> - spin_unlock_irqrestore(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>> - return 0;
>> - }
>>
>> write_enb_set(periph_clk_to_bit(gate), gate);
>> udelay(2);
>> @@ -78,6 +69,32 @@ static int clk_periph_enable(struct clk_hw *hw)
>> udelay(1);
>> writel_relaxed(0, gate->clk_base + LVL2_CLK_GATE_OVRE);
>> }
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void clk_periph_disable_locked(struct clk_hw *hw)
>> +{
>> + struct tegra_clk_periph_gate *gate = to_clk_periph_gate(hw);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If peripheral is in the APB bus then read the APB bus to
>> + * flush the write operation in apb bus. This will avoid the
>> + * peripheral access after disabling clock
>> + */
>> + if (gate->flags & TEGRA_PERIPH_ON_APB)
>> + tegra_read_chipid();
>> +
>> + write_enb_clr(periph_clk_to_bit(gate), gate);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int clk_periph_enable(struct clk_hw *hw)
>> +{
>> + struct tegra_clk_periph_gate *gate = to_clk_periph_gate(hw);
>> + unsigned long flags = 0;
>> +
>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>> +
>> + if (!gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num]++)
>> + clk_periph_enable_locked(hw);
>>
>> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>>
>> @@ -91,21 +108,28 @@ static void clk_periph_disable(struct clk_hw *hw)
>>
>> spin_lock_irqsave(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>>
>> - gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num]--;
>> - if (gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num] > 0) {
>> - spin_unlock_irqrestore(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>> - return;
>> - }
>> + WARN_ON(!gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num]);
>> +
>> + if (--gate->enable_refcnt[gate->clk_num] == 0)
>> + clk_periph_disable_locked(hw);
>> +
>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&periph_ref_lock, flags);
>> +}
>
>
> A consequence of this change is now I see the following on Tegra210
> Jetson Nano ...
>
> [ 8.138810] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 8.150529] WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 1 at /dvs/git/dirty/git-master_l4t-upstream/kernel/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-periph-gate.c:103 clk_periph_disable+0x68/0x90
> [ 8.164279] Modules linked in:
> [ 8.167373] CPU: 3 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.14.0-rc1-gb34c0e9111d0 #1
> [ 8.174905] Hardware name: NVIDIA Jetson Nano Developer Kit (DT)
> [ 8.180934] pstate: 000000c5 (nzcv daIF -PAN -UAO -TCO BTYPE=--)
> [ 8.186983] pc : clk_periph_disable+0x68/0x90
> [ 8.191388] lr : clk_periph_disable+0x20/0x90
> [ 8.195788] sp : ffff8000120abca0
> [ 8.199123] x29: ffff8000120abca0 x28: 0000000000000000 x27: ffff800011791070
> [ 8.206331] x26: ffff8000116e0458 x25: ffff800011fe3000 x24: ffff800011fe3000
> [ 8.213527] x23: ffff000080138000 x22: 0000000000000000 x21: 00000000000000c0
> [ 8.220725] x20: ffff0000800391b8 x19: ffff800012047000 x18: 0000000000000068
> [ 8.227920] x17: 0000000000000007 x16: 0000000000000001 x15: ffff800011222000
> [ 8.235116] x14: ffff8000120ab940 x13: ffff800011f629b8 x12: ffff000000000001
> [ 8.242313] x11: 0000000000000000 x10: 0000000000000000 x9 : 0000000000000000
> [ 8.249507] x8 : 0000000000000000 x7 : 0000000000000000 x6 : 0000000000000004
> [ 8.256700] x5 : ffff800011040d10 x4 : 0000000000000000 x3 : 000000000000000f
> [ 8.263892] x2 : ffff00008000c400 x1 : 0000000000000000 x0 : 0000000000000000
> [ 8.271088] Call trace:
> [ 8.273557] clk_periph_disable+0x68/0x90
> [ 8.277615] clk_sdmmc_mux_disable+0x1c/0x28
> [ 8.281924] clk_disable_unused_subtree+0xac/0xe4
> [ 8.286685] clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x3c/0xe4
> [ 8.291433] clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x3c/0xe4
> [ 8.296182] clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x3c/0xe4
> [ 8.300931] clk_disable_unused_subtree+0x3c/0xe4
> [ 8.305678] clk_disable_unused+0x5c/0xe8
> [ 8.309730] do_one_initcall+0x58/0x1b8
> [ 8.313607] kernel_init_freeable+0x22c/0x29c
> [ 8.318002] kernel_init+0x20/0x120
> [ 8.321536] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
> [ 8.325150] ---[ end trace b5b8bc7cd88ff097 ]---
>
>
> Any thoughts on how to resolve this?
>
> I now see this has been picked up for stable, but I don't see where
> this was tagged for stable and so I am not sure how that happened?

Seems you'll need to implement the disable_unused() callback for the
clk_sdmmc_mux to fix it. It's good that this problem has been caught.

diff --git a/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-sdmmc-mux.c
b/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-sdmmc-mux.c
index 316912d3b1a4..4f2c3309eea4 100644
--- a/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-sdmmc-mux.c
+++ b/drivers/clk/tegra/clk-sdmmc-mux.c
@@ -194,6 +194,15 @@ static void clk_sdmmc_mux_disable(struct clk_hw *hw)
gate_ops->disable(gate_hw);
}

+static void clk_sdmmc_mux_disable_unused(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+ struct tegra_sdmmc_mux *sdmmc_mux = to_clk_sdmmc_mux(hw);
+ const struct clk_ops *gate_ops = sdmmc_mux->gate_ops;
+ struct clk_hw *gate_hw = &sdmmc_mux->gate.hw;
+
+ gate_ops->disable_unused(gate_hw);
+}
+
static void clk_sdmmc_mux_restore_context(struct clk_hw *hw)
{
struct clk_hw *parent = clk_hw_get_parent(hw);
@@ -218,6 +227,7 @@ static const struct clk_ops tegra_clk_sdmmc_mux_ops = {
.is_enabled = clk_sdmmc_mux_is_enabled,
.enable = clk_sdmmc_mux_enable,
.disable = clk_sdmmc_mux_disable,
+ .disable_unused = clk_sdmmc_mux_disable_unused,
.restore_context = clk_sdmmc_mux_restore_context,
};
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