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Subject[PATCH v3 09/10] dt-bindings: iio: afe: add bindings for temperature-sense-rtd
Date
From: Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>

An ADC is often used to measure other quantities indirectly. This
binding describe one case, the measurement of a temperature through the
voltage across an RTD resistor such as a PT1000.

Signed-off-by: Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>
---
.../iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml | 101 ++++++++++++++++++
MAINTAINERS | 7 ++
2 files changed, 108 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e23e74e63ec5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml
@@ -0,0 +1,101 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0 OR BSD-2-Clause)
+%YAML 1.2
+---
+$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml#
+$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
+
+title: Temperature Sense RTD
+
+maintainers:
+ - Liam Beguin <lvb@xiphos.com>
+
+description: |
+ RTDs (Resistance Temperature Detectors) are a kind of temperature sensors
+ used to get a linear voltage to temperature reading within a give range
+ (usually 0 to 100 degrees Celsius).
+
+ When an io-channel measures the output voltage across an RTD such as a
+ PT1000, the interesting measurement is almost always the corresponding
+ temperature, not the voltage output. This binding describes such a circuit.
+
+ The general transfer function here is (using SI units)
+
+ V = R(T) * iexc
+ R(T) = r0 * (1 + alpha * T)
+ T = 1 / (alpha * r0 * iexc) * (V - r0 * iexc)
+
+ The following circuit matches what's in the examples section.
+
+ 5V0
+ -----
+ |
+ +---+----+
+ | R 5k |
+ +---+----+
+ |
+ V 1mA
+ |
+ +---- Vout
+ |
+ +---+----+
+ | PT1000 |
+ +---+----+
+ |
+ -----
+ GND
+
+properties:
+ compatible:
+ const: temperature-sense-rtd
+
+ io-channels:
+ maxItems: 1
+ description: |
+ Channel node of a voltage io-channel.
+
+ '#io-channel-cells':
+ const: 1
+
+ excitation-current-microamp:
+ description: The current fed through the RTD sensor.
+
+ alpha-ppm-per-celsius:
+ description: |
+ alpha can also be expressed in micro-ohms per ohm Celsius. It's a linear
+ approximation of the resistance versus temperature relationship
+ between 0 and 100 degrees Celsius.
+
+ alpha = (R_100 - R_0) / (100 * R_0)
+
+ Where, R_100 is the resistance of the sensor at 100 degrees Celsius, and
+ R_0 (or r-naught-ohms) is the resistance of the sensor at 0 degrees
+ Celsius.
+
+ Pure platinum has an alpha of 3925. Industry standards such as IEC60751
+ and ASTM E-1137 specify an alpha of 3850.
+
+ r-naught-ohms:
+ description: |
+ Resistance of the sensor at 0 degrees Celsius.
+ Common values are 100 for PT100, 500 for PT500, and 1000 for PT1000
+
+additionalProperties: false
+required:
+ - compatible
+ - io-channels
+ - excitation-current-microamp
+ - alpha-ppm-per-celsius
+ - r-naught-ohms
+
+examples:
+ - |
+ pt1000_1: temperature-sensor0 {
+ compatible = "temperature-sense-rtd";
+ #io-channel-cells = <1>;
+ io-channels = <&temp_adc1 0>;
+
+ excitation-current-microamp = <1000>; /* i = U/R = 5 / 5000 */
+ alpha-ppm-per-celsius = <3908>;
+ r-naught-ohms = <1000>;
+ };
+...
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 9bf553e53f0f..ed80e671a16a 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -8897,6 +8897,13 @@ F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/current-sense-shunt.yaml
F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/voltage-divider.yaml
F: drivers/iio/afe/iio-rescale.c

+IIO UNIT CONVERTER (TEMPERATURE)
+M: Liam Beguin <liambeguin@gmail.com>
+R: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
+L: linux-iio@vger.kernel.org
+S: Maintained
+F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/afe/temperature-sense-rtd.yaml
+
IKANOS/ADI EAGLE ADSL USB DRIVER
M: Matthieu Castet <castet.matthieu@free.fr>
M: Stanislaw Gruszka <stf_xl@wp.pl>
--
2.30.1.489.g328c10930387
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