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SubjectRe: [PATCH V11 clocksource 0/6] Do not mark clocks unstable due to delays for v5.13
These options works as how they are designed. But it needs to
go through a manual work and can't scale in highly automated data center
fleets.

.if we really don't need a watch dog at runtime, we need some data proof.

Before we can disable TSC watchdog by default for all Linux instances, we
still need a solution based on your patch set to train the watch dog from doing
wrong things , just based on some other latency issues in system that might be
unavoidable. We really can't punish tsc for the latency issues from
unknown source.

I agree we still need to sort out the quality problems from these latency issues
noticed from watchdog rather than that we simply mute and hide as you
may suspect
that we may abuse the thresholds and the mechanism your patch set provides.
But it should be a focus after the patch is merged in upstream.

On Thu, Jun 3, 2021 at 2:24 AM Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Jun 02, 2021 at 10:46:50AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 02, 2021 at 01:10:37PM +0800, Luming Yu wrote:
> > > Hi Paul,
> > >
> > > It appears that the patch set is not in 5.13. Will it be in 5.14?
> >
> > Indeed it is not in v5.13. There were some late-breaking reviews and
> > changes. I am currently thinking in terms of v5.14.
> >
> > > And more data proof seems to indciate that tsc is more stable than
> > > tsc-watchdog.
> >
> > The tsc-watchdog being HPET? Or some other clocksource?
> >
> > > and we need the patch set to dis-arm wrong actions when watch dog is
> > > hit by a spik.
> >
> > It does depend on the hardware. Thomas Gleixner provided a most
> > excellent summary of the possibilities here:
> >
> > https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/87a6pimt1f.ffs@nanos.tec.linutronix.de/
> >
> > And then if your hardware's TSC is the most trustworthy clocksource
> > on your system, you can always boot with tsc=reliable and avoid the
> > clocksource watchdog completely, with or without this patch series.
>
> Oh, and firmware can and apparently still sometimes does "adjust" the TSC,
> and so booting with tsc=reliable can such adjustments from you.
>
> > Or am I missing your point?
>
> Thanx, Paul
>
> > > On Sat, May 1, 2021 at 12:28 PM Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Fri, Apr 30, 2021 at 02:52:58PM +0800, Luming Yu wrote:
> > > > > On Fri, Apr 30, 2021 at 1:11 PM Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On Thu, Apr 29, 2021 at 07:13:40PM +0800, Luming Yu wrote:
> > > > > > > On Thu, Apr 29, 2021 at 9:30 AM Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Hello!
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > If there is a sufficient delay between reading the watchdog clock and the
> > > > > > > > clock under test, the clock under test will be marked unstable through no
> > > > > > > > fault of its own. This series checks for this, doing limited retries
> > > > > > > > to get a good set of clock reads. If the clock is marked unstable
> > > > > > > > and is marked as being per-CPU, cross-CPU synchronization is checked.
> > > > > > > > This series also provides delay injection, which may be enabled via
> > > > > > > > kernel boot parameters to test the checking for delays.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Note that "sufficient delay" can be provided by SMIs, NMIs, and of course
> > > > > > > > vCPU preemption.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 1. Provide module parameters to inject delays in watchdog.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 2. Retry clock read if long delays detected.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 3. Check per-CPU clock synchronization when marked unstable.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 4. Provide a module parameter to fuzz per-CPU clock checking.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 5. Limit number of CPUs checked for clock synchronization.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 6. Reduce clocksource-skew threshold for TSC.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v10, based on feedback from Thomas Gleixner, Peter Zijlstra,
> > > > > > > > Feng Tang, Andi Kleen, Luming Yu, Xing Zhengju, and the indefatigible
> > > > > > > > kernel test robot:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Automatically compute the uncertainty margin for clocksource, and
> > > > > > > > also allow them to be specified manually before that clocksource
> > > > > > > > is registered.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o For the automatically computed uncertainty margins, bound them
> > > > > > > > below by 100 microseconds (2 * WATCHDOG_MAX_SKEW).
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o For the manually specified uncertainty margins, splat (but
> > > > > > > > continue) if they are less than 100 microseconds (again 2 *
> > > > > > > > WATCHDOG_MAX_SKEW). The purpose of splatting is to discourage
> > > > > > > > production use of this clock-skew-inducing debugging technique.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Manually set the uncertainty margin for clocksource_jiffies
> > > > > > > > (and thus refined_jiffies) to TICK_NSEC to compensate for the
> > > > > > > > very low frequency of these clocks.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Manually set the uncertainty margin for clocksource_tsc_early
> > > > > > > > to 32 milliseconds.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Apply numerous "Link:" fields to all patches.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Add some acks and CCs.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v9:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Forgive tsc_early drift, based on feedback from Feng Tang; Xing,
> > > > > > > > Zhengjun; and Thomas Gleixner.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Improve CPU selection for clock-synchronization checking.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210419045155.GA596058@paulmck-ThinkPad-P17-Gen-1/
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v8, based on Thomas Gleixner feedback:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Reduced clock-skew threshold to 200us and delay limit to 50us.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Split out a cs_watchdog_read() function.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Removed the pointless CLOCK_SOURCE_VERIFY_PERCPU from kvm_clock.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Initialized cs_nsec_max and cs_nsec_min to avoid firsttime checks.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210414043435.GA2812539@paulmck-ThinkPad-P17-Gen-1/
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v7, based on Thomas Gleixner feedback:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Fix embarrassing git-format-patch operator error.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Merge pairwise clock-desynchronization checking into the checking
> > > > > > > > of per-CPU clock synchronization when marked unstable.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Do selective per-CPU checking rather than blindly checking all
> > > > > > > > CPUs. Provide a clocksource.verify_n_cpus kernel boot parameter
> > > > > > > > to control this behavior, with the value -1 choosing the old
> > > > > > > > check-all-CPUs behavior. The default is to randomly check 8 CPUs.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Fix the clock-desynchronization checking to avoid a potential
> > > > > > > > use-after-free error for dynamically allocated clocksource
> > > > > > > > structures.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Remove redundance "wdagain_nsec < 0" from clocksource_watchdog()
> > > > > > > > clocksource skew checking.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Update commit logs and do code-style updates.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210106004013.GA11179@paulmck-ThinkPad-P72/
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v5:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Rebased to v5.12-rc5.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v4:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Rebased to v5.12-rc1.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v3:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Rebased to v5.11.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Apply Randy Dunlap feedback.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v2:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Rebased to v5.11-rc6.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Updated Cc: list.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Changes since v1:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Applied feedback from Rik van Riel.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Rebased to v5.11-rc3.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > o Stripped "RFC" from the subject lines.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Thanx, Paul
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 32 +++
> > > > > > > > arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 1
> > > > > > > > b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 21 ++
> > > > > > > > b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c | 3
> > > > > > > > b/include/linux/clocksource.h | 2
> > > > > > > > b/kernel/time/clocksource.c | 23 ++
> > > > > > > > b/kernel/time/jiffies.c | 15 -
> > > > > > > > include/linux/clocksource.h | 3
> > > > > > > > kernel/time/clocksource.c | 227 ++++++++++++++++++++--
> > > > > > > > 9 files changed, 304 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Hi Paul,
> > > > > > > using the v11, I added a approve flag and made it work for my early
> > > > > > > inject test where tsc is good
> > > > > > > through a cross tsc sync test. Ideally with the small tweak, we could
> > > > > > > get less tsc issues to debug.
> > > > > > > And I'm not sure it would help in real trouble shooting cases. But we
> > > > > > > will see if it would help.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Thank you for the patch!
> > > > > >
> > > > > > However, Thomas had me rework this code to put the error injection into
> > > > > > a kernel module, so this effect is now obtained in a different way.
> > > > > > So I am unable to make use of your patch.
> > > > >
> > > > > np, thanks for the heads up.
> > > > >
> > > > > we will also need to measure the tsc sync retest and prove it's robust
> > > > > enough to trump the bad decision from clocksource watchdog based on HPET
> > > > > or other slow and old clocks while leaving good decisions pass through.
> > > > >
> > > > > we will re-spin the tsc story when your code is settled and landed in
> > > > > the mainline.
> > > >
> > > > My current series exports clocksource_verify_percpu(), which might help
> > > > measuring TSC synchronization.
> > > >
> > > > Thanx, Paul

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