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Subject[RFC 00/11] Intro to Hardware timestamping engine
Date
This patch series introduces new subsystem called hardware timestamping
engine (HTE). It offers functionality such as timestamping through hardware
means in realtime. The HTE subsystem centralizes HTE provider and consumers
where providers can register themselves with subsystem and the consumers can
request interested entity which could be lines, GPIO, signals or buses. The
HTE subsystem provides timestamp in nano seconds, having said that the provider
need to convert the timestamp if its not in that unit. There was upstream
discussion about the same at
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4c46726d-fa35-1a95-4295-bca37c8b6fe3@nvidia.com/

To summarize upstream discussion:
- It was heavily favoured by Linus and Kent to extend GPIOLIB and supporting
GPIO drivers to add HTE functionality and I agreed to experiment with it.
This patch series implements and extends GPIOLIB and GPIO tegra driver.
- Discussed possibility to add HTE provider as irqchip instead which
was argued against as HTE devices are not necessarily event emitting
devices.
- Discussed other possibility if HTE device can be added as posix clock
type like PTP clocks. That was also argues against since HTE devices
are not necessarily tightly coupled with hardware clock.

Typical HTE provider does following:
- Register itself with HTE subsystem
- Provide *request, *release, *enable, *disable timestamp callbacks and
optional get_clk_src_info callback to HTE subsystem.
- Provide optional xlate callback to the subsystem which can translate
consumer provided logical ids into actual ids of the entity, where entity here
is the provider dependent and could be GPIO, in chip lines or signals, buses
etc...This converted id will be used between HTE subsystem and the provider for
below bullet point.
- Push timestamps to the subsystem. This happens when HTE provider has
timestamp data available and willing to push it to HTE subsystem. The HTE
subsystem stores it into software buffer for the consumers.
- Unregister itself

Typical HTE consumer does following:
- Request interested entity it wishes to timestamp in realtime to the
subsystem. During this call HTE subsystem allocates software buffer to
store timestamps data.
- The subsystem does necessary communications with the provider to
complete the request, which includes translating logical id of the entity to
provider dependent physical/actual id and enabling hardware timestamping on
requested id.
- It can optionally specify callback during registration, this cb will
be called when provider pushes timestamps. Once notified through cb, the
consumer can call retrieve API to read the data from the software buffer.
If cb is not provided, the consumers can elect to call blocking version of
retrieve API.
- Manage pre allocated software buffer if needed. It includes changing buffer
length and watermark/threshold. The subsystem automatically sets watermark or
threshold at 1, consumers can later change it to any other value it wishes. The
main purpose for having threshold functionality is to notify consumer either
through callback if provided or unblock waiting consumer when threshold is
reached.
- Retrieve timestamp using various means provided by subsystem.
- Release entity and its resources.

HTE and GPIOLIB:
- For the HTE provider which can timestamp GPIO lines.
- For the GPIO consumers, either in kernel or userspace, The GPIOLIB and its
CDEV framework are extended as frontend to the HTE by introducing new APIs.
- Tegra194 AON GPIO controller has HTE support also known as GTE
(Generic Timestamping Engine). The tegra gpio driver is modified to accommodate
HTE functionality.

Dipen Patel (11):
Documentation: Add HTE subsystem guide
drivers: Add HTE subsystem
hte: Add tegra194 HTE kernel provider
dt-bindings: Add HTE bindings
hte: Add Tegra194 IRQ HTE test driver
gpiolib: Add HTE support
gpio: tegra186: Add HTE in gpio-tegra186 driver
gpiolib: cdev: Add hardware timestamp clock type
tools: gpio: Add new hardware clock type
hte: Add tegra GPIO HTE test driver
MAINTAINERS: Added HTE Subsystem

.../bindings/gpio/nvidia,tegra186-gpio.txt | 7 +
.../devicetree/bindings/hte/hte-consumer.yaml | 47 +
.../devicetree/bindings/hte/hte.yaml | 34 +
.../bindings/hte/nvidia,tegra194-hte.yaml | 83 +
Documentation/hte/hte.rst | 198 +++
Documentation/hte/index.rst | 21 +
Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst | 65 +
Documentation/index.rst | 1 +
MAINTAINERS | 8 +
drivers/Kconfig | 2 +
drivers/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/gpio/gpio-tegra186.c | 78 +
drivers/gpio/gpiolib-cdev.c | 65 +-
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c | 92 ++
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h | 11 +
drivers/hte/Kconfig | 49 +
drivers/hte/Makefile | 4 +
drivers/hte/hte-tegra194-gpio-test.c | 255 +++
drivers/hte/hte-tegra194-irq-test.c | 400 +++++
drivers/hte/hte-tegra194.c | 554 +++++++
drivers/hte/hte.c | 1368 +++++++++++++++++
include/linux/gpio/consumer.h | 21 +-
include/linux/gpio/driver.h | 13 +
include/linux/hte.h | 278 ++++
include/uapi/linux/gpio.h | 1 +
tools/gpio/gpio-event-mon.c | 6 +-
26 files changed, 3657 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/hte/hte-consumer.yaml
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/hte/hte.yaml
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/hte/nvidia,tegra194-hte.yaml
create mode 100644 Documentation/hte/hte.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/hte/index.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst
create mode 100644 drivers/hte/Kconfig
create mode 100644 drivers/hte/Makefile
create mode 100644 drivers/hte/hte-tegra194-gpio-test.c
create mode 100644 drivers/hte/hte-tegra194-irq-test.c
create mode 100644 drivers/hte/hte-tegra194.c
create mode 100644 drivers/hte/hte.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/hte.h

--
2.17.1

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