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Subject[PATCH v1 5/5] cpuidle: teo: Use kerneldoc documentation in admin-guide
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From: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

There are two descriptions of the TEO (Timer Events Oriented) cpuidle
governor in the kernel source tree, one in the C file containing its
code and one in cpuidle.rst which is part of admin-guide.

Instead of trying to keep them both in sync and in order to reduce
text duplication, include the governor description from the C file
directly into cpuidle.rst.

Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst | 77 -------------------------------
drivers/cpuidle/governors/teo.c | 12 +++-
2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

Index: linux-pm/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
+++ linux-pm/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
@@ -347,81 +347,8 @@ for tickless systems. It follows the sa
<menu-gov_>`_: it always tries to find the deepest idle state suitable for the
given conditions. However, it applies a different approach to that problem.

-First, it does not use sleep length correction factors, but instead it attempts
-to correlate the observed idle duration values with the available idle states
-and use that information to pick up the idle state that is most likely to
-"match" the upcoming CPU idle interval. Second, it does not take the tasks
-that were running on the given CPU in the past and are waiting on some I/O
-operations to complete now at all (there is no guarantee that they will run on
-the same CPU when they become runnable again) and the pattern detection code in
-it avoids taking timer wakeups into account. It also only uses idle duration
-values less than the current time till the closest timer (with the scheduler
-tick excluded) for that purpose.
-
-Like in the ``menu`` governor `case <menu-gov_>`_, the first step is to obtain
-the *sleep length*, which is the time until the closest timer event with the
-assumption that the scheduler tick will be stopped (that also is the upper bound
-on the time until the next CPU wakeup). That value is then used to preselect an
-idle state on the basis of three metrics maintained for each idle state provided
-by the ``CPUIdle`` driver: ``hits``, ``misses`` and ``early_hits``.
-
-The ``hits`` and ``misses`` metrics measure the likelihood that a given idle
-state will "match" the observed (post-wakeup) idle duration if it "matches" the
-sleep length. They both are subject to decay (after a CPU wakeup) every time
-the target residency of the idle state corresponding to them is less than or
-equal to the sleep length and the target residency of the next idle state is
-greater than the sleep length (that is, when the idle state corresponding to
-them "matches" the sleep length). The ``hits`` metric is increased if the
-former condition is satisfied and the target residency of the given idle state
-is less than or equal to the observed idle duration and the target residency of
-the next idle state is greater than the observed idle duration at the same time
-(that is, it is increased when the given idle state "matches" both the sleep
-length and the observed idle duration). In turn, the ``misses`` metric is
-increased when the given idle state "matches" the sleep length only and the
-observed idle duration is too short for its target residency.
-
-The ``early_hits`` metric measures the likelihood that a given idle state will
-"match" the observed (post-wakeup) idle duration if it does not "match" the
-sleep length. It is subject to decay on every CPU wakeup and it is increased
-when the idle state corresponding to it "matches" the observed (post-wakeup)
-idle duration and the target residency of the next idle state is less than or
-equal to the sleep length (i.e. the idle state "matching" the sleep length is
-deeper than the given one).
-
-The governor walks the list of idle states provided by the ``CPUIdle`` driver
-and finds the last (deepest) one with the target residency less than or equal
-to the sleep length. Then, the ``hits`` and ``misses`` metrics of that idle
-state are compared with each other and it is preselected if the ``hits`` one is
-greater (which means that that idle state is likely to "match" the observed idle
-duration after CPU wakeup). If the ``misses`` one is greater, the governor
-preselects the shallower idle state with the maximum ``early_hits`` metric
-(or if there are multiple shallower idle states with equal ``early_hits``
-metric which also is the maximum, the shallowest of them will be preselected).
-[If there is a wakeup latency constraint coming from the `PM QoS framework
-<cpu-pm-qos_>`_ which is hit before reaching the deepest idle state with the
-target residency within the sleep length, the deepest idle state with the exit
-latency within the constraint is preselected without consulting the ``hits``,
-``misses`` and ``early_hits`` metrics.]
-
-Next, the governor takes several idle duration values observed most recently
-into consideration and if at least a half of them are greater than or equal to
-the target residency of the preselected idle state, that idle state becomes the
-final candidate to ask for. Otherwise, the average of the most recent idle
-duration values below the target residency of the preselected idle state is
-computed and the governor walks the idle states shallower than the preselected
-one and finds the deepest of them with the target residency within that average.
-That idle state is then taken as the final candidate to ask for.
-
-Still, at this point the governor may need to refine the idle state selection if
-it has not decided to `stop the scheduler tick <idle-cpus-and-tick_>`_. That
-generally happens if the target residency of the idle state selected so far is
-less than the tick period and the tick has not been stopped already (in a
-previous iteration of the idle loop). Then, like in the ``menu`` governor
-`case <menu-gov_>`_, the sleep length used in the previous computations may not
-reflect the real time until the closest timer event and if it really is greater
-than that time, a shallower state with a suitable target residency may need to
-be selected.
-
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/cpuidle/governors/teo.c
+ :doc: teo-description

.. _idle-states-representation:

Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/governors/teo.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/governors/teo.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/governors/teo.c
@@ -4,6 +4,10 @@
*
* Copyright (C) 2018 - 2021 Intel Corporation
* Author: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
+ */
+
+/**
+ * DOC: teo-description
*
* The idea of this governor is based on the observation that on many systems
* timer events are two or more orders of magnitude more frequent than any
@@ -28,7 +32,7 @@
*
* The computations carried out by this governor are based on using bins whose
* boundaries are aligned with the target residency parameter values of the CPU
- * idle states provided by the cpuidle driver in the ascending order. That is,
+ * idle states provided by the %CPUIdle driver in the ascending order. That is,
* the first bin spans from 0 up to, but not including, the target residency of
* the second idle state (idle state 1), the second bin spans from the target
* residency of idle state 1 up to, but not including, the target residency of
@@ -51,8 +55,8 @@
* situations are referred to as "intercepts" below).
*
* In addition to the metrics described above, the governor counts recent
- * intercepts (that is, intercepts that have occurred during the last NR_RECENT
- * invocations of it for the given CPU) for each bin.
+ * intercepts (that is, intercepts that have occurred during the last
+ * %NR_RECENT invocations of it for the given CPU) for each bin.
*
* In order to select an idle state for a CPU, the governor takes the following
* steps (modulo the possible latency constraint that must be taken into account
@@ -76,7 +80,7 @@
* shallower than the candidate one.
*
* 2. If the second sum is greater than the first one or the third sum is
- * greater than NR_RECENT / 2, the CPU is likely to wake up early, so look
+ * greater than %NR_RECENT / 2, the CPU is likely to wake up early, so look
* for an alternative idle state to select.
*
* - Traverse the idle states shallower than the candidate one in the


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