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Subject[PATCH v8 05/19] sched: Introduce task_cpu_possible_mask() to limit fallback rq selection
Asymmetric systems may not offer the same level of userspace ISA support
across all CPUs, meaning that some applications cannot be executed by
some CPUs. As a concrete example, upcoming arm64 big.LITTLE designs do
not feature support for 32-bit applications on both clusters.

On such a system, we must take care not to migrate a task to an
unsupported CPU when forcefully moving tasks in select_fallback_rq()
in response to a CPU hot-unplug operation.

Introduce a task_cpu_possible_mask() hook which, given a task argument,
allows an architecture to return a cpumask of CPUs that are capable of
executing that task. The default implementation returns the
cpu_possible_mask, since sane machines do not suffer from per-cpu ISA
limitations that affect scheduling. The new mask is used when selecting
the fallback runqueue as a last resort before forcing a migration to the
first active CPU.

Reviewed-by: Quentin Perret <>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <>
include/linux/mmu_context.h | 11 +++++++++++
kernel/sched/core.c | 5 ++---
2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmu_context.h b/include/linux/mmu_context.h
index 03dee12d2b61..1a599ba3524f 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmu_context.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmu_context.h
@@ -14,4 +14,15 @@
static inline void leave_mm(int cpu) { }

+ * CPUs that are capable of running task @p. By default, we assume a sane,
+ * homogeneous system. Must contain at least one active CPU.
+ */
+#ifndef task_cpu_possible_mask
+# define task_cpu_possible_mask(p) cpu_possible_mask
+# define task_cpu_possible(cpu, p) true
+# define task_cpu_possible(cpu, p) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), task_cpu_possible_mask(p))
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 5226cc26a095..0c1b6f1a6c91 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -1814,7 +1814,7 @@ static inline bool is_cpu_allowed(struct task_struct *p, int cpu)

/* Non kernel threads are not allowed during either online or offline. */
if (!(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
- return cpu_active(cpu);
+ return cpu_active(cpu) && task_cpu_possible(cpu, p);

/* KTHREAD_IS_PER_CPU is always allowed. */
if (kthread_is_per_cpu(p))
@@ -2792,10 +2792,9 @@ static int select_fallback_rq(int cpu, struct task_struct *p)
* More yuck to audit.
- do_set_cpus_allowed(p, cpu_possible_mask);
+ do_set_cpus_allowed(p, task_cpu_possible_mask(p));
state = fail;
case fail:
 \ /
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