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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/4] PM / devfreq: Add cpu based scaling support to passive governor
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On 6/17/21 2:51 PM, Hsin-Yi Wang wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 17, 2021 at 1:46 PM Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com> wrote:
>>
>> From: Saravana Kannan <skannan@codeaurora.org>
>>
>> Many CPU architectures have caches that can scale independent of the
>> CPUs. Frequency scaling of the caches is necessary to make sure that the
>> cache is not a performance bottleneck that leads to poor performance and
>> power. The same idea applies for RAM/DDR.
>>
>> To achieve this, this patch adds support for cpu based scaling to the
>> passive governor. This is accomplished by taking the current frequency
>> of each CPU frequency domain and then adjust the frequency of the cache
>> (or any devfreq device) based on the frequency of the CPUs. It listens
>> to CPU frequency transition notifiers to keep itself up to date on the
>> current CPU frequency.
>>
>> To decide the frequency of the device, the governor does one of the
>> following:
>> * Derives the optimal devfreq device opp from required-opps property of
>> the parent cpu opp_table.
>>
>> * Scales the device frequency in proportion to the CPU frequency. So, if
>> the CPUs are running at their max frequency, the device runs at its
>> max frequency. If the CPUs are running at their min frequency, the
>> device runs at its min frequency. It is interpolated for frequencies
>> in between.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Saravana Kannan <skannan@codeaurora.org>
>> [Sibi: Integrated cpu-freqmap governor into passive_governor]
>> Signed-off-by: Sibi Sankar <sibis@codeaurora.org>
>> [Chanwoo: Fix conflict with latest code and clean code up]
>> Signed-off-by: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/devfreq/governor.h | 22 +++
>> drivers/devfreq/governor_passive.c | 264 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>> include/linux/devfreq.h | 16 +-
>> 3 files changed, 293 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/governor.h b/drivers/devfreq/governor.h
>> index 9a9495f94ac6..3c36c92c89a9 100644
>> --- a/drivers/devfreq/governor.h
>> +++ b/drivers/devfreq/governor.h
>> @@ -47,6 +47,28 @@
>> #define DEVFREQ_GOV_ATTR_POLLING_INTERVAL BIT(0)
>> #define DEVFREQ_GOV_ATTR_TIMER BIT(1)
>>
>> +/**
>> + * struct devfreq_cpu_data - Hold the per-cpu data
>> + * @dev: reference to cpu device.
>> + * @first_cpu: the cpumask of the first cpu of a policy.
>> + * @opp_table: reference to cpu opp table.
>> + * @cur_freq: the current frequency of the cpu.
>> + * @min_freq: the min frequency of the cpu.
>> + * @max_freq: the max frequency of the cpu.
>> + *
>> + * This structure stores the required cpu_data of a cpu.
>> + * This is auto-populated by the governor.
>> + */
>> +struct devfreq_cpu_data {
>> + struct device *dev;
>> + unsigned int first_cpu;
>> +
>> + struct opp_table *opp_table;
>> + unsigned int cur_freq;
>> + unsigned int min_freq;
>> + unsigned int max_freq;
>> +};
>> +
>> /**
>> * struct devfreq_governor - Devfreq policy governor
>> * @node: list node - contains registered devfreq governors
>> diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/governor_passive.c b/drivers/devfreq/governor_passive.c
>> index fc09324a03e0..07e864509b7e 100644
>> --- a/drivers/devfreq/governor_passive.c
>> +++ b/drivers/devfreq/governor_passive.c
>> @@ -8,11 +8,84 @@
>> */
>>
>> #include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
>> +#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
>> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> #include <linux/device.h>
>> #include <linux/devfreq.h>
>> #include "governor.h"
>>
>> -static int devfreq_passive_get_target_freq(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> +#define HZ_PER_KHZ 1000
>> +
>> +static unsigned long get_taget_freq_by_required_opp(struct device *p_dev,
>> + struct opp_table *p_opp_table,
>> + struct opp_table *opp_table,
>> + unsigned long freq)
>> +{
>> + struct dev_pm_opp *opp = NULL, *p_opp = NULL;
>> +
>> + if (!p_dev || !p_opp_table || !opp_table || !freq)
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + p_opp = devfreq_recommended_opp(p_dev, &freq, 0);
>> + if (IS_ERR(p_opp))
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + opp = dev_pm_opp_xlate_required_opp(p_opp_table, opp_table, p_opp);
>> + dev_pm_opp_put(p_opp);
>> +
>> + if (IS_ERR(opp))
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + freq = dev_pm_opp_get_freq(opp);
>> + dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
>> +
>> + return freq;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int get_target_freq_with_cpufreq(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> + unsigned long *target_freq)
>> +{
>> + struct devfreq_passive_data *p_data =
>> + (struct devfreq_passive_data *)devfreq->data;
>> + struct devfreq_cpu_data *cpu_data;
> We might have to rename the cpu_data variable.
>
> For some architectures, cpu_data is defined as macro. This results in
> errors such as
>
> include/linux/devfreq.h:331:27: note: in expansion of macro 'cpu_data'
> 331 | struct devfreq_cpu_data *cpu_data[NR_CPUS];
> | ^~~~~~~~
> In file included from include/linux/devfreq_cooling.h:13,
> from drivers/devfreq/devfreq.c:14:
> include/linux/devfreq.h:332:1: warning: no semicolon at end of
> struct or union

OK. I'll rename.

>
>> + unsigned long cpu, cpu_cur, cpu_min, cpu_max, cpu_percent;
>> + unsigned long dev_min, dev_max;
>> + unsigned long freq = 0;
>> +
>> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
>> + cpu_data = p_data->cpu_data[cpu];
>> + if (!cpu_data || cpu_data->first_cpu != cpu)
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + /* Get target freq via required opps */
>> + cpu_cur = cpu_data->cur_freq * HZ_PER_KHZ;
>> + freq = get_taget_freq_by_required_opp(cpu_data->dev,
>> + cpu_data->opp_table,
>> + devfreq->opp_table, cpu_cur);
>> + if (freq) {
>> + *target_freq = max(freq, *target_freq);
>> + continue;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* Use Interpolation if required opps is not available */
>> + devfreq_get_freq_range(devfreq, &dev_min, &dev_max);
>> +
>> + cpu_min = cpu_data->min_freq;
>> + cpu_max = cpu_data->max_freq;
>> + cpu_cur = cpu_data->cur_freq;
>> +
>> + cpu_percent = ((cpu_cur - cpu_min) * 100) / (cpu_max - cpu_min);
>> + freq = dev_min + mult_frac(dev_max - dev_min, cpu_percent, 100);
>> +
>> + *target_freq = max(freq, *target_freq);
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int get_target_freq_with_devfreq(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> unsigned long *freq)
>> {
>> struct devfreq_passive_data *p_data
>> @@ -99,6 +172,172 @@ static int devfreq_passive_get_target_freq(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> +static int devfreq_passive_get_target_freq(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> + unsigned long *freq)
>> +{
>> + struct devfreq_passive_data *p_data =
>> + (struct devfreq_passive_data *)devfreq->data;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (!p_data)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If the devfreq device with passive governor has the specific method
>> + * to determine the next frequency, should use the get_target_freq()
>> + * of struct devfreq_passive_data.
>> + */
>> + if (p_data->get_target_freq)
>> + return p_data->get_target_freq(devfreq, freq);
>> +
>> + switch (p_data->parent_type) {
>> + case DEVFREQ_PARENT_DEV:
>> + ret = get_target_freq_with_devfreq(devfreq, freq);
>> + break;
>> + case CPUFREQ_PARENT_DEV:
>> + ret = get_target_freq_with_cpufreq(devfreq, freq);
>> + break;
>> + default:
>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>> + dev_err(&devfreq->dev, "Invalid parent type\n");
>> + break;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int cpufreq_passive_notifier_call(struct notifier_block *nb,
>> + unsigned long event, void *ptr)
>> +{
>> + struct devfreq_passive_data *data =
>> + container_of(nb, struct devfreq_passive_data, nb);
>> + struct devfreq *devfreq = (struct devfreq *)data->this;
>> + struct devfreq_cpu_data *cpu_data;
>> + struct cpufreq_freqs *freqs = ptr;
>> + unsigned int cur_freq;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (event != CPUFREQ_POSTCHANGE || !freqs ||
>> + !data->cpu_data[freqs->policy->cpu])
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + cpu_data = data->cpu_data[freqs->policy->cpu];
>> + if (cpu_data->cur_freq == freqs->new)
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + cur_freq = cpu_data->cur_freq;
>> + cpu_data->cur_freq = freqs->new;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&devfreq->lock);
>> + ret = devfreq_update_target(devfreq, freqs->new);
>> + mutex_unlock(&devfreq->lock);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + cpu_data->cur_freq = cur_freq;
>> + dev_err(&devfreq->dev, "failed to update the frequency.\n");
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int cpufreq_passive_register_notifier(struct devfreq *devfreq)
>> +{
>> + struct devfreq_passive_data *p_data
>> + = (struct devfreq_passive_data *)devfreq->data;
>> + struct device *dev = devfreq->dev.parent;
>> + struct opp_table *opp_table = NULL;
>> + struct devfreq_cpu_data *cpu_data;
>> + struct cpufreq_policy *policy;
>> + struct device *cpu_dev;
>> + unsigned int cpu;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + get_online_cpus();
>> +
>> + p_data->nb.notifier_call = cpufreq_passive_notifier_call;
>> + ret = cpufreq_register_notifier(&p_data->nb, CPUFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to register cpufreq notifier\n");
>> + p_data->nb.notifier_call = NULL;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
>> + if (p_data->cpu_data[cpu])
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + policy = cpufreq_cpu_get(cpu);
>> + if (policy) {
>> + cpu_data = kzalloc(sizeof(*cpu_data), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!cpu_data) {
>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + cpu_dev = get_cpu_device(cpu);
>> + if (!cpu_dev) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to get cpu device\n");
>> + ret = -ENODEV;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + opp_table = dev_pm_opp_get_opp_table(cpu_dev);
>> + if (IS_ERR(opp_table)) {
>> + ret = PTR_ERR(opp_table);
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + cpu_data->dev = cpu_dev;
>> + cpu_data->opp_table = opp_table;
>> + cpu_data->first_cpu = cpumask_first(policy->related_cpus);
>> + cpu_data->cur_freq = policy->cur;
>> + cpu_data->min_freq = policy->cpuinfo.min_freq;
>> + cpu_data->max_freq = policy->cpuinfo.max_freq;
>> +
>> + p_data->cpu_data[cpu] = cpu_data;
>> + cpufreq_cpu_put(policy);
>> + } else {
>> + ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +out:
>> + put_online_cpus();
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&devfreq->lock);
>> + ret = devfreq_update_target(devfreq, 0L);
>> + mutex_unlock(&devfreq->lock);
>> + if (ret)
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to update the frequency\n");
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int cpufreq_passive_unregister_notifier(struct devfreq *devfreq)
>> +{
>> + struct devfreq_passive_data *p_data
>> + = (struct devfreq_passive_data *)devfreq->data;
>> + struct devfreq_cpu_data *cpu_data;
>> + int cpu;
>> +
>> + if (p_data->nb.notifier_call)
>> + cpufreq_unregister_notifier(&p_data->nb, CPUFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
>> +
>> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
>> + cpu_data = p_data->cpu_data[cpu];
>> + if (cpu_data) {
>> + if (cpu_data->opp_table)
>> + dev_pm_opp_put_opp_table(cpu_data->opp_table);
>> + kfree(cpu_data);
>> + cpu_data = NULL;
>> + }
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> static int devfreq_passive_notifier_call(struct notifier_block *nb,
>> unsigned long event, void *ptr)
>> {
>> @@ -140,7 +379,7 @@ static int devfreq_passive_event_handler(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> struct notifier_block *nb = &p_data->nb;
>> int ret = 0;
>>
>> - if (!parent)
>> + if (p_data->parent_type == DEVFREQ_PARENT_DEV && !parent)
>> return -EPROBE_DEFER;
>>
>> switch (event) {
>> @@ -148,13 +387,24 @@ static int devfreq_passive_event_handler(struct devfreq *devfreq,
>> if (!p_data->this)
>> p_data->this = devfreq;
>>
>> - nb->notifier_call = devfreq_passive_notifier_call;
>> - ret = devfreq_register_notifier(parent, nb,
>> - DEVFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
>> + if (p_data->parent_type == DEVFREQ_PARENT_DEV) {
>> + nb->notifier_call = devfreq_passive_notifier_call;
>> + ret = devfreq_register_notifier(parent, nb,
>> + DEVFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
>> + } else if (p_data->parent_type == CPUFREQ_PARENT_DEV) {
>> + ret = cpufreq_passive_register_notifier(devfreq);
>> + } else {
>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> break;
>> case DEVFREQ_GOV_STOP:
>> - WARN_ON(devfreq_unregister_notifier(parent, nb,
>> - DEVFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER));
>> + if (p_data->parent_type == DEVFREQ_PARENT_DEV)
>> + WARN_ON(devfreq_unregister_notifier(parent, nb,
>> + DEVFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER));
>> + else if (p_data->parent_type == CPUFREQ_PARENT_DEV)
>> + WARN_ON(cpufreq_passive_unregister_notifier(devfreq));
>> + else
>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>> break;
>> default:
>> break;
>> diff --git a/include/linux/devfreq.h b/include/linux/devfreq.h
>> index 142474b4af96..cfa0ef54841e 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/devfreq.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/devfreq.h
>> @@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ enum devfreq_timer {
>>
>> struct devfreq;
>> struct devfreq_governor;
>> +struct devfreq_cpu_data;
>> struct thermal_cooling_device;
>>
>> /**
>> @@ -288,6 +289,11 @@ struct devfreq_simple_ondemand_data {
>> #endif
>>
>> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVFREQ_GOV_PASSIVE)
>> +enum devfreq_parent_dev_type {
>> + DEVFREQ_PARENT_DEV,
>> + CPUFREQ_PARENT_DEV,
>> +};
>> +
>> /**
>> * struct devfreq_passive_data - ``void *data`` fed to struct devfreq
>> * and devfreq_add_device
>> @@ -299,8 +305,10 @@ struct devfreq_simple_ondemand_data {
>> * using governors except for passive governor.
>> * If the devfreq device has the specific method to decide
>> * the next frequency, should use this callback.
>> - * @this: the devfreq instance of own device.
>> - * @nb: the notifier block for DEVFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER list
>> + + * @parent_type parent type of the device
>> + + * @this: the devfreq instance of own device.
>> + + * @nb: the notifier block for DEVFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER list
>> + + * @cpu_data: the state min/max/current frequency of all online cpu's
>> *
>> * The devfreq_passive_data have to set the devfreq instance of parent
>> * device with governors except for the passive governor. But, don't need to
>> @@ -314,9 +322,13 @@ struct devfreq_passive_data {
>> /* Optional callback to decide the next frequency of passvice device */
>> int (*get_target_freq)(struct devfreq *this, unsigned long *freq);
>>
>> + /* Should set the type of parent device */
>> + enum devfreq_parent_dev_type parent_type;
>> +
>> /* For passive governor's internal use. Don't need to set them */
>> struct devfreq *this;
>> struct notifier_block nb;
>> + struct devfreq_cpu_data *cpu_data[NR_CPUS];
>> };
>> #endif
>>
>> --
>> 2.17.1
>>
>
>


--
Best Regards,
Chanwoo Choi
Samsung Electronics

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