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SubjectRe: [RESEND]: Kernel 4.14: UBIFS+SQUASHFS: Device fails to boot after flashing rootfs volume
On Thu, 20 May 2021 at 10:00, Phillip Lougher <> wrote:

> Then run it on your Squashfs image
> % unsquashfs <your image>
> If the image is uncorrupted, it will unpack the image into
> "squashfs-root". If it is corrupted it will give error
> messages.
I have tried this and it seems with unsquashfs I am able to
successfully extract it to "squashfs-root" folder.

> I have not used the MTD subsystem for more than 13 years, and so
> this is best answered on linux-mtd.

Yes, I have already included the linux-mtd list here.
Maybe MTD folks can share their opinion as well....
That is the reason I have changed the subject as well.

> You appear to be running busybox, and this has both support for
> "dd" and the "md5sum" checksum program.
> So do this
> % dd if=<your character device> of=img bs=1 count=<image size>
> Where <image size> is the size of the Squashfs image reported
> by "ls -l" or "stat". You need to get the exact byte count
> right, otherwise the resultant checksum won't be right.
> Then run md5sum on the extracted "img" file.
> % md5sum img
> This will produce a checksum.
> You can then compare that with the result of "md5sum" on your
> original Squashfs image before flashing (produced on the host
> or the target).
> If the checksums differ then it is corrupted.
I have also tried that and it seems the checksum exactly matches.
$ md5sum system.squash
d301016207cc5782d1634259a5c597f9 ./system.squash

On the device:
/data/pintu # dd if=/dev/ubi0_0 of=squash_rootfs.img bs=1K count=48476
48476+0 records in
48476+0 records out
49639424 bytes (47.3MB) copied, 26.406276 seconds, 1.8MB/s
[12001.375255] dd (2392) used greatest stack depth: 4208 bytes left

/data/pintu # md5sum squash_rootfs.img
d301016207cc5782d1634259a5c597f9 squash_rootfs.img

So, it seems there is no problem with either the original image
(unsquashfs) as well as the checksum.

Then what else could be the suspect/issue ?
If you have any further inputs please share your thoughts.

This is the kernel command line we are using:
[ 0.000000] Kernel command line: ro rootwait
console=ttyMSM0,115200,n8 androidboot.hardware=qcom
msm_rtb.filter=0x237 androidboot.console=ttyMSM0
lpm_levels.sleep_disabled=1 firmware_class.path=/lib/firmware/updates
service_locator.enable=1 net.ifnames=0 rootfstype=squashfs
root=/dev/ubiblock0_0 ubi.mtd=30 ubi.block=0,0

These are few more points to be noted:
a) With squashfs we are getting below error:
[ 4.603156] squashfs: SQUASHFS error: unable to read xattr id index table
[ 4.980519] Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root
fs on unknown-block(254,0)

b) With ubifs (without squashfs) we are getting below error:
[ 4.712458] UBIFS (ubi0:0): UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 0,
name "rootfs", R/O mode
UBIFS error (ubi0:0 pid 1): ubifs_read_node: bad node type (255 but expected 9)
UBIFS error (ubi0:0 pid 1): ubifs_read_node: bad node at LEB
336:250560, LEB mapping status 1
Not a node, first 24 bytes:
00000000: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
ff ff ff ff

c) While flashing "usrfs" volume (ubi0_1) there is no issue and device
boots successfully.

d) This issue is happening only after flashing rootfs volume (ubi0_0)
and rebooting the device.

e) We are using "uefi" and fastboot mechanism to flash the volumes.

f) Next I wanted to check the read-only UBI volume flashing mechanism
within the Kernel itself.
Is there a way to try a read-only "rootfs" (squashfs type) ubi volume
flashing mechanism from the Linux command prompt ?
Or, what are the other ways to verify UBI volume flashing in Linux ?

g) I wanted to root-cause, if there is any problem in our UBI flashing
logic, or there's something missing on the Linux/Kernel side (squashfs
or ubifs) or the way we configure the system.


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