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Subject[RFC PATCH 11/37] x86/mm: attempt speculative mm faults first
Date
Attempt speculative mm fault handling first, and fall back to the
existing (non-speculative) code if that fails.

The speculative handling closely mirrors the non-speculative logic.
This includes some x86 specific bits such as the access_error() call.
This is why we chose to implement the speculative handling in arch/x86
rather than in common code.

The vma is first looked up and copied, under protection of the rcu
read lock. The mmap lock sequence count is used to verify the
integrity of the copied vma, and passed to do_handle_mm_fault() to
allow checking against races with mmap writers when finalizing the fault.

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <michel@lespinasse.org>
---
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/vm_event_item.h | 4 ++++
mm/vmstat.c | 4 ++++
3 files changed, 44 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index a73347e2cdfc..f8c8e325af77 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -1219,6 +1219,8 @@ void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
struct mm_struct *mm;
vm_fault_t fault;
unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT;
+ struct vm_area_struct pvma;
+ unsigned long seq;

tsk = current;
mm = tsk->mm;
@@ -1316,6 +1318,39 @@ void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
}
#endif

+ count_vm_event(SPF_ATTEMPT);
+ seq = mmap_seq_read_start(mm);
+ if (seq & 1)
+ goto spf_abort;
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ vma = find_vma(mm, address);
+ if (!vma || vma->vm_start > address) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto spf_abort;
+ }
+ pvma = *vma;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ if (!mmap_seq_read_check(mm, seq))
+ goto spf_abort;
+ vma = &pvma;
+ if (unlikely(access_error(error_code, vma)))
+ goto spf_abort;
+ fault = do_handle_mm_fault(vma, address,
+ flags | FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE, seq, regs);
+
+ /* Quick path to respond to signals */
+ if (fault_signal_pending(fault, regs)) {
+ if (!user_mode(regs))
+ kernelmode_fixup_or_oops(regs, error_code, address,
+ SIGBUS, BUS_ADRERR);
+ return;
+ }
+ if (!(fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY))
+ goto done;
+
+spf_abort:
+ count_vm_event(SPF_ABORT);
+
/*
* Kernel-mode access to the user address space should only occur
* on well-defined single instructions listed in the exception
@@ -1412,6 +1447,7 @@ void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
}

mmap_read_unlock(mm);
+done:
if (likely(!(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)))
return;

diff --git a/include/linux/vm_event_item.h b/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
index 18e75974d4e3..cc4f8d14e43f 100644
--- a/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
+++ b/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
@@ -120,6 +120,10 @@ enum vm_event_item { PGPGIN, PGPGOUT, PSWPIN, PSWPOUT,
#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
SWAP_RA,
SWAP_RA_HIT,
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
+ SPF_ATTEMPT,
+ SPF_ABORT,
#endif
NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS
};
diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 74b2c374b86c..9ae1c27a549e 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -1365,6 +1365,10 @@ const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
"swap_ra",
"swap_ra_hit",
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
+ "spf_attempt",
+ "spf_abort",
+#endif
#endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS || CONFIG_MEMCG */
};
#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS || CONFIG_SYSFS || CONFIG_NUMA || CONFIG_MEMCG */
--
2.20.1
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