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Subject[RFC PATCH 13/37] mm: implement speculative handling in __handle_mm_fault().
Date
The page table tree is walked with local irqs disabled, which prevents
page table reclamation (similarly to what fast GUP does). The logic is
otherwise similar to the non-speculative path, but with additional
restrictions: in the speculative path, we do not handle huge pages or
wiring new pages tables.

Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <michel@lespinasse.org>
---
include/linux/mm.h | 4 +++
mm/memory.c | 77 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index d5988e78e6ab..dee8a4833779 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -525,6 +525,10 @@ struct vm_fault {
};
unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags
* XXX: should really be 'const' */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
+ unsigned long seq;
+ pmd_t orig_pmd;
+#endif
pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching
* the 'address' */
pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 66e7a4554c54..a17704aac019 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -4307,7 +4307,7 @@ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
* return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry().
*/
static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long address, unsigned int flags)
+ unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long seq)
{
struct vm_fault vmf = {
.vma = vma,
@@ -4322,6 +4322,79 @@ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
p4d_t *p4d;
vm_fault_t ret;

+#ifdef CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT
+ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE) {
+ pgd_t pgdval;
+ p4d_t p4dval;
+ pud_t pudval;
+
+ vmf.seq = seq;
+
+ local_irq_disable();
+ pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
+ pgdval = READ_ONCE(*pgd);
+ if (pgd_none(pgdval) || unlikely(pgd_bad(pgdval)))
+ goto spf_fail;
+
+ p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address);
+ p4dval = READ_ONCE(*p4d);
+ if (p4d_none(p4dval) || unlikely(p4d_bad(p4dval)))
+ goto spf_fail;
+
+ vmf.pud = pud_offset(p4d, address);
+ pudval = READ_ONCE(*vmf.pud);
+ if (pud_none(pudval) || unlikely(pud_bad(pudval)) ||
+ unlikely(pud_trans_huge(pudval)) ||
+ unlikely(pud_devmap(pudval)))
+ goto spf_fail;
+
+ vmf.pmd = pmd_offset(vmf.pud, address);
+ vmf.orig_pmd = READ_ONCE(*vmf.pmd);
+
+ /*
+ * pmd_none could mean that a hugepage collapse is in
+ * progress in our back as collapse_huge_page() mark
+ * it before invalidating the pte (which is done once
+ * the IPI is catched by all CPU and we have interrupt
+ * disabled). For this reason we cannot handle THP in
+ * a speculative way since we can't safely identify an
+ * in progress collapse operation done in our back on
+ * that PMD.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(pmd_none(vmf.orig_pmd) ||
+ is_swap_pmd(vmf.orig_pmd) ||
+ pmd_trans_huge(vmf.orig_pmd) ||
+ pmd_devmap(vmf.orig_pmd)))
+ goto spf_fail;
+
+ /*
+ * The above does not allocate/instantiate page-tables because
+ * doing so would lead to the possibility of instantiating
+ * page-tables after free_pgtables() -- and consequently
+ * leaking them.
+ *
+ * The result is that we take at least one non-speculative
+ * fault per PMD in order to instantiate it.
+ */
+
+ vmf.pte = pte_offset_map(vmf.pmd, address);
+ vmf.orig_pte = READ_ONCE(*vmf.pte);
+ barrier();
+ if (pte_none(vmf.orig_pte)) {
+ pte_unmap(vmf.pte);
+ vmf.pte = NULL;
+ }
+
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ return handle_pte_fault(&vmf);
+
+spf_fail:
+ local_irq_enable();
+ return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ }
+#endif /* CONFIG_SPECULATIVE_PAGE_FAULT */
+
pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address);
if (!p4d)
@@ -4541,7 +4614,7 @@ vm_fault_t do_handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)))
ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags);
else
- ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
+ ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags, seq);

if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) {
mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault();
--
2.20.1
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