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SubjectRe: [PATCH 03/13] Makefile: Generate CLANG_FLAGS even in GCC builds
On Wed, Apr 14, 2021 at 11:48 AM <ojeda@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> From: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
>
> To support Rust under GCC-built kernels, we need to save the flags that
> would have been passed if the kernel was being compiled with Clang.
>
> The reason is that bindgen -- the tool we use to generate Rust bindings
> to the C side of the kernel -- relies on libclang to parse C. Ideally:
>
> - bindgen would support a GCC backend (requested at [1]),
>
> - or the Clang driver would be perfectly compatible with GCC,
> including plugins. Unlikely, of course, but perhaps a big
> subset of configs may be possible to guarantee to be kept
> compatible nevertheless.
>
> This is also the reason why GCC builds are very experimental and some
> configurations may not work (e.g. GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT). However,
> we keep GCC builds working (for some example configs) in the CI
> to avoid diverging/regressing further, so that we are better prepared
> for the future when a solution might become available.
>
> [1] https://github.com/rust-lang/rust-bindgen/issues/1949
>
> Link: https://github.com/Rust-for-Linux/linux/issues/167
>
> Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
> Co-developed-by: Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>
> Signed-off-by: Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>
> Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
> Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
> Co-developed-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
> Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
> ---
> Makefile | 27 ++++++++++++++++-----------
> 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index d4784d181123..9c75354324ed 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -559,26 +559,31 @@ ifdef building_out_of_srctree
> { echo "# this is build directory, ignore it"; echo "*"; } > .gitignore
> endif
>
> -# The expansion should be delayed until arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile is included.
> -# Some architectures define CROSS_COMPILE in arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile.
> -# CC_VERSION_TEXT is referenced from Kconfig (so it needs export),
> -# and from include/config/auto.conf.cmd to detect the compiler upgrade.
> -CC_VERSION_TEXT = $(shell $(CC) --version 2>/dev/null | head -n 1 | sed 's/\#//g')
> +TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS := -Werror=unknown-warning-option
>
> -ifneq ($(findstring clang,$(CC_VERSION_TEXT)),)
> ifneq ($(CROSS_COMPILE),)
> -CLANG_FLAGS += --target=$(notdir $(CROSS_COMPILE:%-=%))
> +TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS += --target=$(notdir $(CROSS_COMPILE:%-=%))
> GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR := $(dir $(shell which $(CROSS_COMPILE)elfedit))
> -CLANG_FLAGS += --prefix=$(GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR)$(notdir $(CROSS_COMPILE))
> +TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS += --prefix=$(GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR)$(notdir $(CROSS_COMPILE))
> GCC_TOOLCHAIN := $(realpath $(GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR)/..)
> endif
> ifneq ($(GCC_TOOLCHAIN),)
> -CLANG_FLAGS += --gcc-toolchain=$(GCC_TOOLCHAIN)
> +TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS += --gcc-toolchain=$(GCC_TOOLCHAIN)
> endif
> ifneq ($(LLVM_IAS),1)
> -CLANG_FLAGS += -no-integrated-as
> +TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS += -no-integrated-as
> endif
> -CLANG_FLAGS += -Werror=unknown-warning-option
> +
> +export TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS

I'm ok with this approach, but I'm curious:
If the user made a copy of the CLANG_FLAGS variable and modified its
copy, would TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS even be necessary? IIUC,
TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS is used to filter out certain flags before
passing them to bindgen?

Or, I'm curious whether you even need to rename this variable (or
create a new variable) at all? Might make for a shorter diff if you
just keep the existing identifier (CLANG_FLAGS), but create them
unconditionally (at least not conditional on CC=clang).


> +
> +# The expansion should be delayed until arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile is included.
> +# Some architectures define CROSS_COMPILE in arch/$(SRCARCH)/Makefile.
> +# CC_VERSION_TEXT is referenced from Kconfig (so it needs export),
> +# and from include/config/auto.conf.cmd to detect the compiler upgrade.
> +CC_VERSION_TEXT = $(shell $(CC) --version 2>/dev/null | head -n 1 | sed 's/\#//g')
> +
> +ifneq ($(findstring clang,$(CC_VERSION_TEXT)),)
> +CLANG_FLAGS += $(TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(CLANG_FLAGS)
> KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(CLANG_FLAGS)
> export CLANG_FLAGS
> --
> 2.17.1
>


--
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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