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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/2] x86/PCI: Ignore E820 reservations for bridge windows on newer systems
Hi Bjorn,

On 11/10/21 14:05, Hans de Goede wrote:
> Hi Bjorn,
> On 11/10/21 09:45, Hans de Goede wrote:
>> Hi Bjorn,
>> On 11/9/21 23:07, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>> On Sat, Nov 06, 2021 at 11:15:07AM +0100, Hans de Goede wrote:
>>>> On 10/20/21 23:14, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>>>> On Wed, Oct 20, 2021 at 12:23:26PM +0200, Hans de Goede wrote:
>>>>>> On 10/19/21 23:52, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>>>>>> On Thu, Oct 14, 2021 at 08:39:42PM +0200, Hans de Goede wrote:
>>>>>>>> Some BIOS-es contain a bug where they add addresses which map to system
>>>>>>>> RAM in the PCI host bridge window returned by the ACPI _CRS method, see
>>>>>>>> commit 4dc2287c1805 ("x86: avoid E820 regions when allocating address
>>>>>>>> space").
>>>>>>>> To work around this bug Linux excludes E820 reserved addresses when
>>>>>>>> allocating addresses from the PCI host bridge window since 2010.
>>>>>>>> ...
>>>>>>> I haven't seen anybody else eager to merge this, so I guess I'll stick
>>>>>>> my neck out here.
>>>>>>> I applied this to my for-linus branch for v5.15.
>>>>>> Thank you, and sorry about the build-errors which the lkp
>>>>>> kernel-test-robot found.
>>>>>> I've just send out a patch which fixes these build-errors
>>>>>> (verified with both .config-s from the lkp reports).
>>>>>> Feel free to squash this into the original patch (or keep
>>>>>> them separate, whatever works for you).
>>>>> Thanks, I squashed the fix in.
>>>>> HOWEVER, I think it would be fairly risky to push this into v5.15.
>>>>> We would be relying on the assumption that current machines have all
>>>>> fixed the BIOS defect that 4dc2287c1805 addressed, and we have little
>>>>> evidence for that.
>>>>> I'm not sure there's significant benefit to having this in v5.15.
>>>>> Yes, the mainline v5.15 kernel would work on the affected machines,
>>>>> but I suspect most people with those machines are running distro
>>>>> kernels, not mainline kernels.
>>>> I understand that you were reluctant to add this to 5.15 so close
>>>> near the end of the 5.15 cycle, but can we please get this into
>>>> 5.16 now ?
>>>> I know you ultimately want to see if there is a better fix,
>>>> but this is hitting a *lot* of users right now and if we come up
>>>> with a better fix we can always use that to replace this one
>>>> later.
>>> I don't know whether there's a "better" fix, but I do know that if we
>>> merge what we have right now, nobody will be looking for a better
>>> one.
>>> We're in the middle of the merge window, so the v5.16 development
>>> cycle is over. The v5.17 cycle is just starting, so we have time to
>>> hit that. Obviously a fix can be backported to older kernels as
>>> needed.
>>>> So can we please just go with this fix now, so that we can
>>>> fix the issues a lot of users are seeing caused by the current
>>>> *wrong* behavior of taking the e820 reservations into account ?
>>> I think the fix on the table is "ignore E820 for BIOS date >= 2018"
>>> plus the obvious parameters to force it both ways.
>> Correct.
>>> The thing I don't like is that this isn't connected at all to the
>>> actual BIOS defect. We have no indication that current BIOSes have
>>> fixed the defect,
>> We also have no indication that that defect from 10 years ago, from
>> pre UEFI firmware is still present in modern day UEFI firmware which
>> is basically an entire different code-base.
>> And even 10 years ago the problem was only happening to a single
>> family of laptop models (Dell Precision laptops) so this clearly
>> was a bug in that specific implementation and not some generic
>> issue which is likely to be carried forward.
>>> and we have no assurance that future ones will not
>>> have the defect. It would be better if we had some algorithmic way of
>>> figuring out what to do.
>> You yourself have said that in hindsight taking E820 reservations
>> into account for PCI bridge host windows was a mistake. So what
>> the "ignore E820 for BIOS date >= 2018" is doing is letting the
>> past be the past (without regressing on older models) while fixing
>> that mistake on any hardware going forward.
>> In the unlikely case that we hit that BIOS bug again on 1 or 2 models,
>> we can simply DMI quirk those models, as we do for countless other
>> BIOS issues.
>>> Thank you very much for chasing down the dmesg log archive
>>> (; see
>>> Unfortunately I haven't had time to look through it myself, and I
>>> haven't heard of anybody else doing it either.
>> Right, I'm afraid that I already have spend way too much time on this
>> myself. Note that I've been working with users on this bug on and off
>> for over a year now.
>> This is hitting many users and now that we have a viable fix, this
>> really needs to be fixed now.
>> I believe that the "ignore E820 for BIOS date >= 2018" fix is good
>> enough and that you are letting perfect be the enemy of good here.
>> As an upstream kernel maintainer myself, I'm sorry to say this,
>> but if we don't get some fix for this merged soon you are leaving
>> my no choice but to add my fix to the Fedora kernels as a downstream
>> patch (and to advise other distros to do the same).
>> Note that if you are still afraid of regressions going the downstream
>> route is also an opportunity, Fedora will start testing moving users
>> to 5.15.y soon, so I could add the patch to Fedora's 5.15.y builds and
>> see how that goes ?
> So I've discussed this with the Fedora kernel maintainers and they have
> agreed to add the patch to the Fedora 5.15 kernels, which we will ask
> our users to start testing soon (we first run some voluntary testing
> before eventually moving all users over).
> This will provide us with valuable feedback wrt this patch causing
> regressions as you are worried about, or not.
> Assuming no regressions show up I hope that this will give you
> some assurance that there the patch causes no regressions and that
> you will then be willing to pick this up later during the 5.16
> cycle so that Fedora only deviates from upstream for 1 cycle.

5.15.y kernels with this patch added have been in Fedora's
stable updates repo for a while now without any reports of the
regressions you feared this may cause.

Bjorn, I hope that you are willing to merge this patch now that it has
seen some more wide spread testing ?



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