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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 03/23] mm: Check against orig_pte for finish_fault()
On Thu, Dec 16, 2021 at 05:23:40PM +1100, Alistair Popple wrote:
> On Thursday, 16 December 2021 4:50:47 PM AEDT Peter Xu wrote:
> > On Thu, Dec 16, 2021 at 01:38:33PM +0800, Peter Xu wrote:
> > > On Thu, Dec 16, 2021 at 04:01:47PM +1100, Alistair Popple wrote:
> > > > On Monday, 15 November 2021 6:55:02 PM AEDT Peter Xu wrote:
> > > > > We used to check against none pte and in those cases orig_pte should always be
> > > > > none pte anyway.
> > > >
> > > > Is that always true? From what I can see in handle_pte_fault() orig_pte only
> > > > gets initialised in the !pmd_none() case so might not be pte_none.
> > >
> > > I believe it's true, otherwise I must have overlooked.
> > >
> > > IMHO it's not "when we set orig_pte" that matters - note that finish_fault()
> > > (that this patch modifies) is only called for file-backed memories, and it's
> > > only called in do_fault() where the pte is not mapped at all.
> > >
> > > DAX seems to call it too, but still DAX comes from do_fault() too, afaict.
> > >
> > > The pte will not be mapped in two cases in handle_pte_fault():
> > >
> > > - When pmd_none
> > >
> > > - When !pmd_none, however if we find that pte_none==true, that's:
> > >
> > > if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) {
> > > pte_unmap(vmf->pte);
> > > vmf->pte = NULL;
> > > }
> > >
> > > So when we're already in do_fault(), afaict, orig_pte must be pte_none().
> > > Another side note is that, IIUC pte_none() is a looser check than the
> > > pte_val()==0 and it should be arch dependent.
> >
> > So one more thing I forgot to mention... Of course above is based on the fact
> > that orig_pte will be initialized to zero when creating vmf structure, and
> > that's done in __handle_mm_fault():
> >
> > struct vm_fault vmf = {
> > .vma = vma,
> > .address = address & PAGE_MASK,
> > .flags = flags,
> > .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address),
> > .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma),
> > };
> >
> > I'm not sure whether I should explicitly set it to pte_val(0), in most C
> > programs we'll already assume it's a proper reset of orig_pte value in c99
> > initialization format, but if anyone thinks we should do that explicitly plus
> > some comments I can do that too.
>
> Ok, that was really my question. Is:
>
> if (likely(pte_none(*vmf->pte)))
>
> equivalent to:
>
> if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, __pte(0))))
>
> for every architecture? Looking at Xtensa for example suggests it might not be:
>
> arch/xtensa/include/asm/pgtable.h:
> # define pte_none(pte) (pte_val(pte) == (_PAGE_CA_INVALID | _PAGE_USER))

Yes, another good question...

I never expected arch that has pte_none(pte_val(0))==false.. but indeed xtensa
is one of them. I digged a bit more, s390 seems to be the other one.

I wondered how it could have worked - I thought e.g. pte_alloc_one() will
always return a pgtable page will all zero-filled, whose allocation should
require __GFP_ZERO anyway. But then I quickly noticed that pte_alloc_one() is
per-arch too.. That explains, because per-arch can re-initialize the default
pte values.

S390 re-initializes its pgtable pages in arch/s390/mm/pgalloc.c:

unsigned long *page_table_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
memset64((u64 *)table, _PAGE_INVALID, PTRS_PER_PTE);

While similarly xtensa has:

#define pte_clear(mm,addr,ptep) \
do { update_pte(ptep, __pte(_PAGE_CA_INVALID | _PAGE_USER)); } while (0)

The solution should be simple - I could re-introduce FAULT_FLAG_UFFD_WP. That
flag used to exist in older versions, e.g. this is v1 of current patchset where
it is defined:

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210323004912.35132-6-peterx@redhat.com/

I thought this patch can greatly simplify things but I overlooked the
pte_none() check you mentioned. So it seems I have no good choice but add that
flag back.

There's another alternative is we do pte_clear() on vmf->orig_pte as the new
way to initialize it. I believe it should work too for s390 and xtensa.

Any preference?

Thanks,

>
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > >
> > > >
> > > > > This change prepares us to be able to call do_fault() on !none ptes. For
> > > > > example, we should allow that to happen for pte marker so that we can restore
> > > > > information out of the pte markers.
> > > > >
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > > mm/memory.c | 2 +-
> > > > > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
> > > > > index 04662b010005..d5966d9e24c3 100644
> > > > > --- a/mm/memory.c
> > > > > +++ b/mm/memory.c
> > > > > @@ -4052,7 +4052,7 @@ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> > > > > vmf->address, &vmf->ptl);
> > > > > ret = 0;
> > > > > /* Re-check under ptl */
> > > > > - if (likely(pte_none(*vmf->pte)))
> > > > > + if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)))
> > > > > do_set_pte(vmf, page, vmf->address);
> > > > > else
> > > > > ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> >
>
>
>
>

--
Peter Xu

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