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SubjectRe: [PATCH V6 0/7] Add driver support for Data Capture and Compare Engine(DCC) for SM8150,SC7280,SC7180,SDM845

On 8/10/21 1:54 PM, Souradeep Chowdhury wrote:
> DCC(Data Capture and Compare) is a DMA engine designed for debugging purposes.In case of a system
> crash or manual software triggers by the user the DCC hardware stores the value at the register
> addresses which can be used for debugging purposes.The DCC driver provides the user with sysfs
> interface to configure the register addresses.The options that the DCC hardware provides include
> reading from registers,writing to registers,first reading and then writing to registers and looping
> through the values of the same register.
> In certain cases a register write needs to be executed for accessing the rest of the registers,
> also the user might want to record the changing values of a register with time for which he has the
> option to use the loop feature.

Hello Souradeep,

First of all, I think this is very a useful feature to have. I have some
generic design related queries/comments on driver and the interface
exposed to the user space. Also, I do not understand the h/w well here,
so feel free to correct me if I am wrong.

1. Linked list looks like a very internal feature to the h/w. It really
is not an info that user should be aware of. I tried reading the code a
bit. IUC, every time a s/w trigger is issued the configs in all the
enabled linked lists are executed. The final ram dump that you get from
/dev/dcc_sram is a dump of contents from all the enabled list? Is this
understanding correct ? And we are talking of at-most 4 linked list?
If yes, I think it might be better to have a folder per linked list with
config, config_write etc. Also if possible it will be better to dump the
results to a file in the specific folder instead of reading from
If no, there is no real need for user to know the linked list, right?
Choosing of linked list can be done by kernel driver in this case with
no input needed from user.

2. Now to the sysfs interface itself, I know lot of thought has gone
into sysfs vs debugfs considerations. But, have you considered using
netlink interface instead of sysfs. Netlink interface is used for
asynchronous communication between kernel and user space. In case of
DCC, the communication appears to be asynchronous, where in user asks
the kernel to capture some info and kernel can indicate back to user
when the info is captured. Also the entire mess surrounding echoing addr
/ value / offset repeatedly into a sysfs entry can be avoided using
netlink interface.

Warm Regards
Thara (She/Her/Hers)
> The options mentioned above are exposed to the user by sysfs files once the driver is probed.The
> details and usage of this sysfs files are documented in Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-dcc.
> As an example let us consider a couple of debug scenarios where DCC has been proved to be effective
> for debugging purposes:-
> i)TimeStamp Related Issue
> On SC7180, there was a coresight timestamp issue where it would occasionally be all 0 instead of proper
> timestamp values.
> Proper timestamp:
> Idx:3373; ID:10; I_TIMESTAMP : Timestamp.; Updated val = 0x13004d8f5b7aa; CC=0x9e
> Zero timestamp:
> Idx:3387; ID:10; I_TIMESTAMP : Timestamp.; Updated val = 0x0; CC=0xa2
> Now this is a non-fatal issue and doesn't need a system reset, but still needs
> to be rootcaused and fixed for those who do care about coresight etm traces.
> Since this is a timestamp issue, we would be looking for any timestamp related
> clocks and such.
> o we get all the clk register details from IP documentation and configure it
> via DCC config syfs node. Before that we set the current linked list.
> /* Set the current linked list */
> echo 3 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/
> /* Program the linked list with the addresses */
> echo 0x10c004 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/config
> echo 0x10c008 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/config
> echo 0x10c00c > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/config
> echo 0x10c010 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/config
> ..... and so on for other timestamp related clk registers
> /* Other way of specifying is in "addr len" pair, in below case it
> specifies to capture 4 words starting 0x10C004 */
> echo 0x10C004 4 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/config
> /* Enable DCC */
> echo 1 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/enable
> /* Run the timestamp test for working case */
> /* Send SW trigger */
> echo 1 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/trigger
> /* Read SRAM */
> cat /dev/dcc_sram > dcc_sram1.bin
> /* Run the timestamp test for non-working case */
> /* Send SW trigger */
> echo 1 > /sys/bus/platform/devices/10a2000.dcc/trigger
> /* Read SRAM */
> cat /dev/dcc_sram > dcc_sram2.bin
> Get the parser from [1] and checkout the latest branch.
> /* Parse the SRAM bin */
> python -s dcc_sram1.bin --v2 -o output/
> python -s dcc_sram2.bin --v2 -o output/
> Sample parsed output of dcc_sram1.bin:
> <hwioDump version="1">
> <timestamp>03/14/21</timestamp>
> <generator>Linux DCC Parser</generator>
> <chip name="None" version="None">
> <register address="0x0010c004" value="0x80000000" />
> <register address="0x0010c008" value="0x00000008" />
> <register address="0x0010c00c" value="0x80004220" />
> <register address="0x0010c010" value="0x80000000" />
> </chip>
> <next_ll_offset>next_ll_offset : 0x1c </next_ll_offset>
> </hwioDump>
> ii)NOC register errors
> A particular class of registers called NOC which are functional registers was reporting
> errors while logging the values.To trace these errors the DCC has been used effectively.
> The steps followed were similar to the ones mentioned above.
> In addition to NOC registers a few other dependent registers were configured in DCC to
> monitor it's values during a crash. A look at the dependent register values revealed that
> the crash was happening due to a secured access to one of these dependent registers.
> All these debugging activity and finding the root cause was achieved using DCC.
> DCC parser is available at the following open source location
> Changes in v6:
> *Added support in the dcc driver to handle multiple Qualcomm SoCs including SC7180,SC7280,SDM845
> along with existing SM8150.
> *Added the support node in the respective device tree files for SC7180,SC7280,SDM845.
> Souradeep Chowdhury (7):
> dt-bindings: Added the yaml bindings for DCC
> soc: qcom: dcc:Add driver support for Data Capture and Compare
> unit(DCC)
> MAINTAINERS: Add the entry for DCC(Data Capture and Compare) driver
> support
> arm64: dts: qcom: sm8150: Add Data Capture and Compare(DCC) support
> node
> arm64: dts: qcom: sc7280: Add Data Capture and Compare(DCC) support
> node
> arm64: dts: qcom: sc7180: Add Data Capture and Compare(DCC) support
> node
> arm64: dts: qcom: sdm845: Add Data Capture and Compare(DCC) support
> node
> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-dcc | 114 ++
> .../devicetree/bindings/arm/msm/qcom,dcc.yaml | 43 +
> arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sc7180.dtsi | 6 +
> arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sc7280.dtsi | 6 +
> arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sdm845.dtsi | 6 +
> arch/arm64/boot/dts/qcom/sm8150.dtsi | 6 +
> drivers/soc/qcom/Kconfig | 8 +
> drivers/soc/qcom/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/soc/qcom/dcc.c | 1549 ++++++++++++++++++++
> 10 files changed, 1747 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-dcc
> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/msm/qcom,dcc.yaml
> create mode 100644 drivers/soc/qcom/dcc.c

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