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SubjectRe: [PATCH v17 03/10] x86: kdump: use macro CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX in functions reserve_crashkernel()
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On 2021/12/16 20:08, Leizhen (ThunderTown) wrote:
>
>
> On 2021/12/16 19:07, Borislav Petkov wrote:
>> On Thu, Dec 16, 2021 at 10:46:12AM +0800, Leizhen (ThunderTown) wrote:
>>> The original value (1ULL << 32) is inaccurate
>>
>> I keep asking *why*?
>>
>>> and it enlarged the CRASH_ADDR_LOW upper limit.
>>
>> $ git grep -E "CRASH_ADDR_LOW\W"
>> $
>>
>> I have no clue what you mean here.
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
> # define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX SZ_512M
> # define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX SZ_512M
> #endif
>
> if (!high)
> (1) crash_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size,
> CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
> CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
> if (!crash_base)
> (2) crash_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size,
> CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
> CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX);
>
> - if (crash_base >= (1ULL << 32) && reserve_crashkernel_low())
> +(3) if (crash_base >= CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX && reserve_crashkernel_low())
>
> If the memory of 'crash_base' is successfully allocated at (1), because the last
> parameter CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX is the upper bound, so we can sure that
> "crash_base < CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX". So that, reserve_crashkernel_low() will not be
> invoked at (3). That's why I said (1ULL << 32) is inaccurate and enlarge the CRASH_ADDR_LOW
> upper limit.
>
> If the memory of 'crash_base' is successfully allocated at (2), you see,
> CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX = CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX = SZ_512M, the same as (1). In fact,
> "crashkernel=high," may not be recommended on X86_32.
>
> Is it possible that (CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX >= 4G) and (CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX < 4G)?
> In this case, the memory allocated at (2) maybe over 4G. But why shouldn't
> CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX be equal to 4G at this point?

We divide two memory areas: low memory area and high memory area. The doc told us:
at least 256MB memory should be reserved at low memory area. So that if
"crash_base >= CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX" is true at (3), that means we have not reserved
any memory at low memory area, so we should call reserve_crashkernel_low().
The low memory area is not equivalent to <=4G, I think. So replace (1ULL << 32) with
CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX is logically correct.

>
>
>>
>>> This is because when the memory is allocated from the low end, the
>>> address cannot exceed CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX, see "if (!high)" branch.
>>
>>> If
>>> the memory is allocated from the high end, 'crash_base' is greater than or
>>> equal to (1ULL << 32), and naturally, it is greater than CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX.
>>>
>>> I think I should update the description, thanks.
>>
>> I think you should explain why is (1ULL << 32) wrong.
>>
>> It came from:
>>
>> eb6db83d1059 ("x86/setup: Do not reserve crashkernel high memory if low reservation failed")
>>
>> which simply frees the high memory portion when the low reservation
>> fails. And the test for that is, is crash base > 4G. So that makes
>> perfect sense to me.
>>
>> So your change is a NOP on 64-bit and it is a NOP on 32-bit by virtue of
>> the _low() variant always returning 0 on 32-bit.
>>

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