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SubjectRe: [PATCH 06/17] fortify: Detect struct member overflows in memcpy() at compile-time
On Thu, Dec 16, 2021 at 11:08:26AM +0000, Mark Rutland wrote:
> On Mon, Dec 13, 2021 at 02:33:20PM -0800, Kees Cook wrote:
> > memcpy() is dead; long live memcpy()
> >
> > tl;dr: In order to eliminate a large class of common buffer overflow
> > flaws that continue to persist in the kernel, have memcpy() (under
> > CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE) perform bounds checking of the destination struct
> > member when they have a known size. This would have caught all of the
> > memcpy()-related buffer write overflow flaws identified in at least the
> > last three years.
> >
>
> Hi Kees,
>
> Since there's a *lot* of context below, it's very easy to miss some key details
> (e.g. that the compile-time warnings are limited to W=1 builds). It would be
> really nice if the summary above could say something like:
>
> This patch makes it possible to detect when memcpy() of a struct member may
> go past the bounds of that member. When CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE=y, runtime
> checks are always emitted where the compiler cannot guarantee a memcpy() is
> safely bounded, and compile-time warnings are enabled for W=1 builds.
>
> This catches a large class of common buffer overflow flaws, and would have
> caught all of the memcpy()-related buffer write overflow flaws identified in
> the last three years.
>
> As an aside, since W=1 is chock-full of (IMO useless) warnings, is there any
> way to enable *just* the FORTIFY_SOURCE warnings?
>
> [...]
>
> > Implementation:
> >
> > Tighten the memcpy() destination buffer size checking to use the actual
> > ("mode 1") target buffer size as the bounds check instead of their
> > enclosing structure's ("mode 0") size. Use a common inline for memcpy()
> > (and memmove() in a following patch), since all the tests are the
> > same. All new cross-field memcpy() uses must use the struct_group() macro
> > or similar to target a specific range of fields, so that FORTIFY_SOURCE
> > can reason about the size and safety of the copy.
> >
> > For now, cross-member "mode 1" read detection at compile-time will be
> > limited to W=1 builds, since it is, unfortunately, very common. As the
> > priority is solving write overflows, read overflows can be part of the
> > next phase.
>
> I had a go at testing this on arm64, and could get build-time warnings from GCC
> 11.1.0, but not from Clang 13.0.0.

Looking again, I see this is down to __compiletime_warning() only being usable
from clang 14.0 onwards (and the final patch mentions that in passing), so I
guess that's expected.

It would be nice to call that out somewhere in this patch (e.g. in that
introductory paragraph), since it's very each to miss that and get confused...
;)

Thanks,
Mark.

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