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SubjectRe: [PATCH v17 03/10] x86: kdump: use macro CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX in functions reserve_crashkernel()
On Thu, Dec 16, 2021 at 09:10:40AM +0800, Baoquan He wrote:
> reserve_crashkernel_low() always return 0 on x86_32, so the not equivalent
> transformation for x86_32 doesn't matter, I think.

That is, of course, very obvious... not!

Why is that function parsing crashkernel=XM, and crashkernel=X,high,
then it attempts some low memory reservation too? Why isn't
crashkernel=Y,low parsed there too?

I guess this alludes to why:

[KNL, X86-64] range under 4G. When crashkernel=X,high
is passed, kernel could allocate physical memory region
above 4G, that cause second kernel crash on system
that require some amount of low memory, e.g. swiotlb
requires at least 64M+32K low memory, also enough extra
low memory is needed to make sure DMA buffers for 32-bit
devices won't run out.

So, before this is going anywhere, I'd like to see this function
documented properly. I see Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst
explains the crashkernel= options too so you can refer to it in the
comments so that when someone looks at that code, someone can follow why
it is doing what it is doing.

Then, as a future work, all that parsing of crashkernel= cmdline options
should be concentrated at the beginning and once it is clear what the
user requests, the reservations should be done.

As it is, reserve_crashkernel() is pretty unwieldy and hard to read.



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