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Subject[PATCH v7 00/14] ima: Namespace IMA with audit support in IMA-ns
From: Stefan Berger <>

The goal of this series of patches is to start with the namespacing of
IMA and support auditing within an IMA namespace (IMA-ns) as the first

In this series the IMA namespace is piggy backing on the user namespace
and therefore an IMA namespace gets created when a user namespace is
created. The advantage of this is that the user namespace can provide
the keys infrastructure that IMA appraisal support will need later on.

We chose the goal of supporting auditing within an IMA namespace since it
requires the least changes to IMA. Following this series, auditing within
an IMA namespace can be activated by a user running the following lines
that rely on a statically linked busybox to be installed on the host for
execution within the minimal container environment:

mkdir -p rootfs/{bin,mnt,proc}
cp /sbin/busybox rootfs/bin
cp /sbin/busybox rootfs/bin/busybox2
echo >> rootfs/bin/busybox2
PATH=/bin unshare --user --map-root-user --mount-proc --pid --fork \
--root rootfs busybox sh -c \
"busybox mount -t securityfs /mnt /mnt; \
busybox echo 'audit func=BPRM_CHECK mask=MAY_EXEC' > /mnt/ima/policy; \
busybox2 cat /mnt/ima/policy"

[busybox2 is used to demonstrate 2 measurements; see below]

Following the audit log on the host the last line cat'ing the IMA policy
inside the namespace would have been audited. Unfortunately the auditing
line is not distinguishable from one stemming from actions on the host.
The hope here is that Richard Brigg's container id support for auditing
would help resolve the problem.

The following lines added to a suitable IMA policy on the host would
cause the execution of the commands inside the container (by uid 1000)
to be measured and audited as well on the host, thus leading to two
auditing messages for the 'busybox2 cat' above and log entries in IMA's
system log.

echo -e "measure func=BPRM_CHECK mask=MAY_EXEC uid=1000\n" \
"audit func=BPRM_CHECK mask=MAY_EXEC uid=1000\n" \
> /sys/kernel/security/ima/policy

The goal of supporting measurement and auditing by the host, of actions
occurring within IMA namespaces, is that users, particularly root,
should not be able to evade the host's IMA policy just by spawning
new IMA namespaces, running programs there, and discarding the namespaces
again. This is achieved through 'hierarchical processing' of file
accesses that are evaluated against the policy of the namespace where
the action occurred and against all namespaces' and their policies leading
back to the root IMA namespace (init_ima_ns).

The patch series adds support for a virtualized SecurityFS with a few
new API calls that are used by IMA namespacing. Only the data relevant
to the IMA namespace are shown. The files and directories of other
security subsystems (TPM, evm, Tomoyo, safesetid) are not showing
up when secruityfs is mounted inside a user namespace.

Much of the code leading up to the virtualization of SecurityFS deals
with moving IMA's variables from various files into the IMA namespace
structure called 'ima_namespace'. When it comes to determining the
current IMA namespace I took the approach to get the current IMA
namespace (get_current_ns()) on the top level and pass the pointer all
the way down to those functions that now need access to the ima_namespace
to get to their variables. This later on comes in handy once hierarchical
processing is implemented in this series where we walk the list of
namespaces backwards and again need to pass the pointer into functions.

This patch also introduces usage of CAP_MAC_ADMIN to allow access to the
IMA policy via reduced capabilities. We would again later on use this
capability to allow users to set file extended attributes for IMA appraisal

My tree with these patches is here:

git fetch v5.15+imans.v7.posted


- Dropped 2 patches related to key queues; using &init_ima_ns for all calls
from functions related to key queues where calls need ima_namespace
- Moved ima_namespace to security/integrity/ima/ima.h
- Extended API descriptions with ns parameter where needed
- Using init_ima_ns in functions related to appraisal and xattrs
- SecurityFS: Using ima_ns_from_file() to get ns pointer
- Reformatted to 80 columns per line

- Removed kref and pointer to user_ns in ima_namespace (patch 1)
- Moved only the policy file dentry into ima_namespace; other dentries are on
stack now and can be discarded
- Merged James's patch simplifying securityfs_remove and dropping dget()
- Added patch with Christian's suggestion to tie opened SecurityFS file to
the user/IMA namespace it belongs to
- Passing missing ima_namespace parameter in functions in ima_kexec.c (ppc64)
- Reverted v5's change to patch 4 related to protection of ima_namespace

- Followed Christian's suggestions on patch 1. Also, reverted increased reference
counter on init_user_ns since ima_ns doesn't take reference to its user_ns.
- No addtional reference is taken on securityfs dentries for user_ns != init_user_ns.
Updated documentation and removed cleanup of dentries on superblock kill.
(patches 12 & 16)
- Moved else branch to earlier patch (patch 11)
- Protect ima_namespace by taking reference on user namespace for delayed work queue.
(patch 4)

- For consistency moved 'ns = get_current_ns()' to top of functions
- Merge in James's latest SecurityFS patch

- Further modifications to virtualized SecurityFS following James's posted patch
- Dropping of early teardown for user_namespaces since not needed anymore

- Folllwed Christian's suggestion to virtualize securitytfs; no more securityfs_ns
- Followed James's advice for late 'population' of securityfs for IMA namespaces
- Squashed 2 patches dealing with capabilities
- Added missing 'depends on USER_NS' to Kconfig
- Added missing 'static' to several functions

Mehmet Kayaalp (2):
ima: Define ns_status for storing namespaced iint data
ima: Namespace audit status flags

Stefan Berger (12):
ima: Add IMA namespace support
ima: Move policy related variables into ima_namespace
ima: Move ima_htable into ima_namespace
ima: Move measurement list related variables into ima_namespace
ima: Only accept AUDIT rules for IMA non-init_ima_ns namespaces for
ima: Implement hierarchical processing of file accesses
securityfs: Only use simple_pin_fs/simple_release_fs for init_user_ns
securityfs: Extend securityfs with namespacing support
ima: Move some IMA policy and filesystem related variables into
ima: Use mac_admin_ns_capable() to check corresponding capability
ima: Move dentry into ima_namespace and others onto stack
ima: Setup securityfs for IMA namespace

include/linux/capability.h | 6 +
include/linux/ima.h | 56 ++++++
include/linux/user_namespace.h | 4 +
init/Kconfig | 13 ++
kernel/user.c | 7 +
kernel/user_namespace.c | 8 +
security/inode.c | 77 ++++++--
security/integrity/ima/Makefile | 4 +-
security/integrity/ima/ima.h | 178 ++++++++++++++-----
security/integrity/ima/ima_api.c | 34 ++--
security/integrity/ima/ima_appraise.c | 28 +--
security/integrity/ima/ima_asymmetric_keys.c | 4 +-
security/integrity/ima/ima_fs.c | 126 ++++++++-----
security/integrity/ima/ima_init.c | 19 +-
security/integrity/ima/ima_init_ima_ns.c | 53 ++++++
security/integrity/ima/ima_kexec.c | 15 +-
security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c | 147 ++++++++++-----
security/integrity/ima/ima_ns.c | 88 +++++++++
security/integrity/ima/ima_ns_status.c | 127 +++++++++++++
security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c | 168 ++++++++++-------
security/integrity/ima/ima_queue.c | 80 +++++----
security/integrity/ima/ima_queue_keys.c | 11 +-
security/integrity/ima/ima_template.c | 5 +-
23 files changed, 967 insertions(+), 291 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 security/integrity/ima/ima_init_ima_ns.c
create mode 100644 security/integrity/ima/ima_ns.c
create mode 100644 security/integrity/ima/ima_ns_status.c


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