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Subject[PATCH 18/18] NFS: swap-out must always use STABLE writes.
The commit handling code is not safe against memory-pressure deadlocks
when writing to swap. In particular, nfs_commitdata_alloc() blocks
indefinitely waiting for memory, and this can consume all available
workqueue threads.

swap-out most likely uses STABLE writes anyway as COND_STABLE indicates
that a stable write should be used if the write fits in a single
request, and it normally does. However if we ever swap with a small
wsize, or gather unusually large numbers of pages for a single write,
this might change.

For safety, make it explicit in the code that direct writes used for swap
must always use FLUSH_COND_STABLE.

Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <>
fs/nfs/direct.c | 7 ++++---
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/nfs/direct.c b/fs/nfs/direct.c
index eeff1b4e1a7c..1317465150a6 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/direct.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/direct.c
@@ -790,7 +790,7 @@ static const struct nfs_pgio_completion_ops nfs_direct_write_completion_ops = {
static ssize_t nfs_direct_write_schedule_iovec(struct nfs_direct_req *dreq,
struct iov_iter *iter,
- loff_t pos)
+ loff_t pos, int ioflags)
struct nfs_pageio_descriptor desc;
struct inode *inode = dreq->inode;
@@ -798,7 +798,7 @@ static ssize_t nfs_direct_write_schedule_iovec(struct nfs_direct_req *dreq,
size_t requested_bytes = 0;
size_t wsize = max_t(size_t, NFS_SERVER(inode)->wsize, PAGE_SIZE);

- nfs_pageio_init_write(&desc, inode, FLUSH_COND_STABLE, false,
+ nfs_pageio_init_write(&desc, inode, ioflags, false,
desc.pg_dreq = dreq;
@@ -904,6 +904,7 @@ ssize_t nfs_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
struct nfs_direct_req *dreq;
struct nfs_lock_context *l_ctx;
loff_t pos, end;
+ int ioflags = swap ? FLUSH_COND_STABLE : FLUSH_STABLE;

dfprintk(FILE, "NFS: direct write(%pD2, %zd@%Ld)\n",
file, iov_iter_count(iter), (long long) iocb->ki_pos);
@@ -946,7 +947,7 @@ ssize_t nfs_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
if (!swap)

- requested = nfs_direct_write_schedule_iovec(dreq, iter, pos);
+ requested = nfs_direct_write_schedule_iovec(dreq, iter, pos, ioflags);

if (mapping->nrpages) {

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