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Subject[tip: irq/msi] genirq/msi: Convert storage to xarray
The following commit has been merged into the irq/msi branch of tip:

Commit-ID: cd6cf06590b9792340dceaa285138777f3cc4d90
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/cd6cf06590b9792340dceaa285138777f3cc4d90
Author: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
AuthorDate: Mon, 06 Dec 2021 23:51:52 +01:00
Committer: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
CommitterDate: Thu, 16 Dec 2021 22:22:20 +01:00

genirq/msi: Convert storage to xarray

The current linked list storage for MSI descriptors is suboptimal in
several ways:

1) Looking up a MSI desciptor requires a O(n) list walk in the worst case

2) The upcoming support of runtime expansion of MSI-X vectors would need
to do a full list walk to figure out whether a particular index is
already associated.

3) Runtime expansion of sparse allocations is even more complex as the
current implementation assumes an ordered list (increasing MSI index).

Use an xarray which solves all of the above problems nicely.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
Tested-by: Nishanth Menon <nm@ti.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20211206210749.280627070@linutronix.de

---
include/linux/msi.h | 13 +--
kernel/irq/msi.c | 169 +++++++++++++++++++------------------------
2 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 99 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/msi.h b/include/linux/msi.h
index 1a00367..fc918a6 100644
--- a/include/linux/msi.h
+++ b/include/linux/msi.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <asm/msi.h>
@@ -123,7 +124,6 @@ struct pci_msi_desc {

/**
* struct msi_desc - Descriptor structure for MSI based interrupts
- * @list: List head for management
* @irq: The base interrupt number
* @nvec_used: The number of vectors used
* @dev: Pointer to the device which uses this descriptor
@@ -140,7 +140,6 @@ struct pci_msi_desc {
*/
struct msi_desc {
/* Shared device/bus type independent data */
- struct list_head list;
unsigned int irq;
unsigned int nvec_used;
struct device *dev;
@@ -176,16 +175,16 @@ enum msi_desc_filter {
* msi_device_data - MSI per device data
* @properties: MSI properties which are interesting to drivers
* @platform_data: Platform-MSI specific data
- * @list: List of MSI descriptors associated to the device
- * @mutex: Mutex protecting the MSI list
- * @__next: Cached pointer to the next entry for iterators
+ * @mutex: Mutex protecting the MSI descriptor store
+ * @__store: Xarray for storing MSI descriptor pointers
+ * @__iter_idx: Index to search the next entry for iterators
*/
struct msi_device_data {
unsigned long properties;
struct platform_msi_priv_data *platform_data;
- struct list_head list;
struct mutex mutex;
- struct msi_desc *__next;
+ struct xarray __store;
+ unsigned long __iter_idx;
};

int msi_setup_device_data(struct device *dev);
diff --git a/kernel/irq/msi.c b/kernel/irq/msi.c
index d290e09..173bc04 100644
--- a/kernel/irq/msi.c
+++ b/kernel/irq/msi.c
@@ -20,7 +20,6 @@
#include "internals.h"

static inline int msi_sysfs_create_group(struct device *dev);
-#define dev_to_msi_list(dev) (&(dev)->msi.data->list)

/**
* msi_alloc_desc - Allocate an initialized msi_desc
@@ -41,7 +40,6 @@ static struct msi_desc *msi_alloc_desc(struct device *dev, int nvec,
if (!desc)
return NULL;

- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&desc->list);
desc->dev = dev;
desc->nvec_used = nvec;
if (affinity) {
@@ -60,6 +58,17 @@ static void msi_free_desc(struct msi_desc *desc)
kfree(desc);
}

+static int msi_insert_desc(struct msi_device_data *md, struct msi_desc *desc, unsigned int index)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ desc->msi_index = index;
+ ret = xa_insert(&md->__store, index, desc, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ret)
+ msi_free_desc(desc);
+ return ret;
+}
+
/**
* msi_add_msi_desc - Allocate and initialize a MSI descriptor
* @dev: Pointer to the device for which the descriptor is allocated
@@ -77,12 +86,9 @@ int msi_add_msi_desc(struct device *dev, struct msi_desc *init_desc)
if (!desc)
return -ENOMEM;

- /* Copy the MSI index and type specific data to the new descriptor. */
- desc->msi_index = init_desc->msi_index;
+ /* Copy type specific data to the new descriptor. */
desc->pci = init_desc->pci;
-
- list_add_tail(&desc->list, &dev->msi.data->list);
- return 0;
+ return msi_insert_desc(dev->msi.data, desc, init_desc->msi_index);
}

/**
@@ -95,28 +101,41 @@ int msi_add_msi_desc(struct device *dev, struct msi_desc *init_desc)
*/
static int msi_add_simple_msi_descs(struct device *dev, unsigned int index, unsigned int ndesc)
{
- struct msi_desc *desc, *tmp;
- LIST_HEAD(list);
- unsigned int i;
+ unsigned int idx, last = index + ndesc - 1;
+ struct msi_desc *desc;
+ int ret;

lockdep_assert_held(&dev->msi.data->mutex);

- for (i = 0; i < ndesc; i++) {
+ for (idx = index; idx <= last; idx++) {
desc = msi_alloc_desc(dev, 1, NULL);
if (!desc)
+ goto fail_mem;
+ ret = msi_insert_desc(dev->msi.data, desc, idx);
+ if (ret)
goto fail;
- desc->msi_index = index + i;
- list_add_tail(&desc->list, &list);
}
- list_splice_tail(&list, &dev->msi.data->list);
return 0;

+fail_mem:
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
fail:
- list_for_each_entry_safe(desc, tmp, &list, list) {
- list_del(&desc->list);
- msi_free_desc(desc);
+ msi_free_msi_descs_range(dev, MSI_DESC_NOTASSOCIATED, index, last);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static bool msi_desc_match(struct msi_desc *desc, enum msi_desc_filter filter)
+{
+ switch (filter) {
+ case MSI_DESC_ALL:
+ return true;
+ case MSI_DESC_NOTASSOCIATED:
+ return !desc->irq;
+ case MSI_DESC_ASSOCIATED:
+ return !!desc->irq;
}
- return -ENOMEM;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return false;
}

/**
@@ -129,19 +148,17 @@ fail:
void msi_free_msi_descs_range(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_filter filter,
unsigned int first_index, unsigned int last_index)
{
+ struct xarray *xa = &dev->msi.data->__store;
struct msi_desc *desc;
+ unsigned long idx;

lockdep_assert_held(&dev->msi.data->mutex);

- msi_for_each_desc(desc, dev, filter) {
- /*
- * Stupid for now to handle MSI device domain until the
- * storage is switched over to an xarray.
- */
- if (desc->msi_index < first_index || desc->msi_index > last_index)
- continue;
- list_del(&desc->list);
- msi_free_desc(desc);
+ xa_for_each_range(xa, idx, desc, first_index, last_index) {
+ if (msi_desc_match(desc, filter)) {
+ xa_erase(xa, idx);
+ msi_free_desc(desc);
+ }
}
}

@@ -162,7 +179,8 @@ static void msi_device_data_release(struct device *dev, void *res)
{
struct msi_device_data *md = res;

- WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&md->list));
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_empty(&md->__store));
+ xa_destroy(&md->__store);
dev->msi.data = NULL;
}

@@ -194,7 +212,7 @@ int msi_setup_device_data(struct device *dev)
return ret;
}

- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&md->list);
+ xa_init(&md->__store);
mutex_init(&md->mutex);
dev->msi.data = md;
devres_add(dev, md);
@@ -217,34 +235,21 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(msi_lock_descs);
*/
void msi_unlock_descs(struct device *dev)
{
- /* Clear the next pointer which was cached by the iterator */
- dev->msi.data->__next = NULL;
+ /* Invalidate the index wich was cached by the iterator */
+ dev->msi.data->__iter_idx = MSI_MAX_INDEX;
mutex_unlock(&dev->msi.data->mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(msi_unlock_descs);

-static bool msi_desc_match(struct msi_desc *desc, enum msi_desc_filter filter)
-{
- switch (filter) {
- case MSI_DESC_ALL:
- return true;
- case MSI_DESC_NOTASSOCIATED:
- return !desc->irq;
- case MSI_DESC_ASSOCIATED:
- return !!desc->irq;
- }
- WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
- return false;
-}
-
-static struct msi_desc *msi_find_first_desc(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_filter filter)
+static struct msi_desc *msi_find_desc(struct msi_device_data *md, enum msi_desc_filter filter)
{
struct msi_desc *desc;

- list_for_each_entry(desc, dev_to_msi_list(dev), list) {
+ xa_for_each_start(&md->__store, md->__iter_idx, desc, md->__iter_idx) {
if (msi_desc_match(desc, filter))
return desc;
}
+ md->__iter_idx = MSI_MAX_INDEX;
return NULL;
}

@@ -261,37 +266,24 @@ static struct msi_desc *msi_find_first_desc(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_fi
*/
struct msi_desc *msi_first_desc(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_filter filter)
{
- struct msi_desc *desc;
+ struct msi_device_data *md = dev->msi.data;

- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!dev->msi.data))
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!md))
return NULL;

- lockdep_assert_held(&dev->msi.data->mutex);
+ lockdep_assert_held(&md->mutex);

- desc = msi_find_first_desc(dev, filter);
- dev->msi.data->__next = desc ? list_next_entry(desc, list) : NULL;
- return desc;
+ md->__iter_idx = 0;
+ return msi_find_desc(md, filter);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(msi_first_desc);

-static struct msi_desc *__msi_next_desc(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_filter filter,
- struct msi_desc *from)
-{
- struct msi_desc *desc = from;
-
- list_for_each_entry_from(desc, dev_to_msi_list(dev), list) {
- if (msi_desc_match(desc, filter))
- return desc;
- }
- return NULL;
-}
-
/**
* msi_next_desc - Get the next MSI descriptor of a device
* @dev: Device to operate on
*
* The first invocation of msi_next_desc() has to be preceeded by a
- * successful incovation of __msi_first_desc(). Consecutive invocations are
+ * successful invocation of __msi_first_desc(). Consecutive invocations are
* only valid if the previous one was successful. All these operations have
* to be done within the same MSI mutex held region.
*
@@ -300,20 +292,18 @@ static struct msi_desc *__msi_next_desc(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_filter
*/
struct msi_desc *msi_next_desc(struct device *dev, enum msi_desc_filter filter)
{
- struct msi_device_data *data = dev->msi.data;
- struct msi_desc *desc;
+ struct msi_device_data *md = dev->msi.data;

- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!data))
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!md))
return NULL;

- lockdep_assert_held(&data->mutex);
+ lockdep_assert_held(&md->mutex);

- if (!data->__next)
+ if (md->__iter_idx >= (unsigned long)MSI_MAX_INDEX)
return NULL;

- desc = __msi_next_desc(dev, filter, data->__next);
- dev->msi.data->__next = desc ? list_next_entry(desc, list) : NULL;
- return desc;
+ md->__iter_idx++;
+ return msi_find_desc(md, filter);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(msi_next_desc);

@@ -336,21 +326,18 @@ unsigned int msi_get_virq(struct device *dev, unsigned int index)
pcimsi = dev_is_pci(dev) ? to_pci_dev(dev)->msi_enabled : false;

msi_lock_descs(dev);
- msi_for_each_desc(desc, dev, MSI_DESC_ASSOCIATED) {
- /* PCI-MSI has only one descriptor for multiple interrupts. */
- if (pcimsi) {
- if (index < desc->nvec_used)
- ret = desc->irq + index;
- break;
- }
-
+ desc = xa_load(&dev->msi.data->__store, pcimsi ? 0 : index);
+ if (desc && desc->irq) {
/*
+ * PCI-MSI has only one descriptor for multiple interrupts.
* PCI-MSIX and platform MSI use a descriptor per
* interrupt.
*/
- if (desc->msi_index == index) {
+ if (pcimsi) {
+ if (index < desc->nvec_used)
+ ret = desc->irq + index;
+ } else {
ret = desc->irq;
- break;
}
}
msi_unlock_descs(dev);
@@ -731,16 +718,13 @@ int msi_domain_populate_irqs(struct irq_domain *domain, struct device *dev,
int ret, virq;

msi_lock_descs(dev);
- for (virq = virq_base; virq < virq_base + nvec; virq++) {
- desc = msi_alloc_desc(dev, 1, NULL);
- if (!desc) {
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- goto fail;
- }
+ ret = msi_add_simple_msi_descs(dev, virq_base, nvec);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unlock;

- desc->msi_index = virq;
+ for (virq = virq_base; virq < virq_base + nvec; virq++) {
+ desc = xa_load(&dev->msi.data->__store, virq);
desc->irq = virq;
- list_add_tail(&desc->list, &dev->msi.data->list);

ops->set_desc(arg, desc);
ret = irq_domain_alloc_irqs_hierarchy(domain, virq, 1, arg);
@@ -756,6 +740,7 @@ fail:
for (--virq; virq >= virq_base; virq--)
irq_domain_free_irqs_common(domain, virq, 1);
msi_free_msi_descs_range(dev, MSI_DESC_ALL, virq_base, virq_base + nvec - 1);
+unlock:
msi_unlock_descs(dev);
return ret;
}
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