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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] f2fs: fix to reserve space for IO align feature
On 12/16, Chao Yu wrote:
> On 2021/12/11 21:27, Chao Yu wrote:
> > https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=204137
> >
> > With below script, we will hit panic during new segment allocation:
> >
> > DISK=bingo.img
> > MOUNT_DIR=/mnt/f2fs
> >
> > dd if=/dev/zero of=$DISK bs=1M count=105
> > mkfs.f2fe -a 1 -o 19 -t 1 -z 1 -f -q $DISK
> >
> > mount -t f2fs $DISK $MOUNT_DIR -o "noinline_dentry,flush_merge,noextent_cache,mode=lfs,io_bits=7,fsync_mode=strict"
> >
> > for (( i = 0; i < 4096; i++ )); do
> > name=`head /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 10`
> > mkdir $MOUNT_DIR/$name
> > done
> >
> > umount $MOUNT_DIR
> > rm $DISK
> >
> > --- Core dump ---
>
> Jaegeuk,
>
> I guess below commit message was missed during applying patch due
> to above "---" string before "Core dump", could you please add them
> manually in the patch? or should I send a new version?

Updated. Thanks.

>
> Thanks,
>
> > Call Trace:
> > allocate_segment_by_default+0x9d/0x100 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_allocate_data_block+0x3c0/0x5c0 [f2fs]
> > do_write_page+0x62/0x110 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_outplace_write_data+0x43/0xc0 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_do_write_data_page+0x386/0x560 [f2fs]
> > __write_data_page+0x706/0x850 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_write_cache_pages+0x267/0x6a0 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_write_data_pages+0x19c/0x2e0 [f2fs]
> > do_writepages+0x1c/0x70
> > __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xaa/0xe0
> > filemap_fdatawrite+0x1f/0x30
> > f2fs_sync_dirty_inodes+0x74/0x1f0 [f2fs]
> > block_operations+0xdc/0x350 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_write_checkpoint+0x104/0x1150 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_sync_fs+0xa2/0x120 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_balance_fs_bg+0x33c/0x390 [f2fs]
> > f2fs_write_node_pages+0x4c/0x1f0 [f2fs]
> > do_writepages+0x1c/0x70
> > __writeback_single_inode+0x45/0x320
> > writeback_sb_inodes+0x273/0x5c0
> > wb_writeback+0xff/0x2e0
> > wb_workfn+0xa1/0x370
> > process_one_work+0x138/0x350
> > worker_thread+0x4d/0x3d0
> > kthread+0x109/0x140
> > ret_from_fork+0x25/0x30
> >
> > The root cause here is, with IO alignment feature enables, in worst
> > case, we need F2FS_IO_SIZE() free blocks space for single one 4k write
> > due to IO alignment feature will fill dummy pages to make IO being
> > aligned.
> >
> > So we will easily run out of free segments during non-inline directory's
> > data writeback, even in process of foreground GC.
> >
> > In order to fix this issue, I just propose to reserve additional free
> > space for IO alignment feature to handle worst case of free space usage
> > ratio during FGGC.
> >
> > Fixes: 0a595ebaaa6b ("f2fs: support IO alignment for DATA and NODE writes")
> > Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <chao@kernel.org>
> > ---
> > v3:
> > - rebase the codes.
> > fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 11 +++++++++++
> > fs/f2fs/segment.h | 3 ++-
> > fs/f2fs/super.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > fs/f2fs/sysfs.c | 4 +++-
> > 4 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > index 5da592286721..d2d3b2332e79 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > @@ -1023,6 +1023,7 @@ struct f2fs_sm_info {
> > unsigned int segment_count; /* total # of segments */
> > unsigned int main_segments; /* # of segments in main area */
> > unsigned int reserved_segments; /* # of reserved segments */
> > + unsigned int additional_reserved_segments;/* reserved segs for IO align feature */
> > unsigned int ovp_segments; /* # of overprovision segments */
> > /* a threshold to reclaim prefree segments */
> > @@ -2200,6 +2201,11 @@ static inline int inc_valid_block_count(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
> > if (!__allow_reserved_blocks(sbi, inode, true))
> > avail_user_block_count -= F2FS_OPTION(sbi).root_reserved_blocks;
> > +
> > + if (F2FS_IO_ALIGNED(sbi))
> > + avail_user_block_count -= sbi->blocks_per_seg *
> > + SM_I(sbi)->additional_reserved_segments;
> > +
> > if (unlikely(is_sbi_flag_set(sbi, SBI_CP_DISABLED))) {
> > if (avail_user_block_count > sbi->unusable_block_count)
> > avail_user_block_count -= sbi->unusable_block_count;
> > @@ -2446,6 +2452,11 @@ static inline int inc_valid_node_count(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
> > if (!__allow_reserved_blocks(sbi, inode, false))
> > valid_block_count += F2FS_OPTION(sbi).root_reserved_blocks;
> > +
> > + if (F2FS_IO_ALIGNED(sbi))
> > + valid_block_count += sbi->blocks_per_seg *
> > + SM_I(sbi)->additional_reserved_segments;
> > +
> > user_block_count = sbi->user_block_count;
> > if (unlikely(is_sbi_flag_set(sbi, SBI_CP_DISABLED)))
> > user_block_count -= sbi->unusable_block_count;
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.h b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
> > index 46fde9f3f28e..0291cd55cf09 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/segment.h
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.h
> > @@ -538,7 +538,8 @@ static inline unsigned int free_segments(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> > static inline unsigned int reserved_segments(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> > {
> > - return SM_I(sbi)->reserved_segments;
> > + return SM_I(sbi)->reserved_segments +
> > + SM_I(sbi)->additional_reserved_segments;
> > }
> > static inline unsigned int free_sections(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
> > index 9acd76ea09ca..666dc9aed262 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
> > @@ -328,6 +328,46 @@ static inline void limit_reserve_root(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> > F2FS_OPTION(sbi).s_resgid));
> > }
> > +static inline int adjust_reserved_segment(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int sec_blks = sbi->blocks_per_seg * sbi->segs_per_sec;
> > + unsigned int avg_vblocks;
> > + unsigned int wanted_reserved_segments;
> > + block_t avail_user_block_count;
> > +
> > + if (!F2FS_IO_ALIGNED(sbi))
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + /* average valid block count in section in worst case */
> > + avg_vblocks = sec_blks / F2FS_IO_SIZE(sbi);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * we need enough free space when migrating one section in worst case
> > + */
> > + wanted_reserved_segments = (F2FS_IO_SIZE(sbi) / avg_vblocks) *
> > + reserved_segments(sbi);
> > + wanted_reserved_segments -= reserved_segments(sbi);
> > +
> > + avail_user_block_count = sbi->user_block_count -
> > + sbi->current_reserved_blocks -
> > + F2FS_OPTION(sbi).root_reserved_blocks;
> > +
> > + if (wanted_reserved_segments * sbi->blocks_per_seg >
> > + avail_user_block_count) {
> > + f2fs_err(sbi, "IO align feature can't grab additional reserved segment: %u, available segments: %u",
> > + wanted_reserved_segments,
> > + avail_user_block_count >> sbi->log_blocks_per_seg);
> > + return -ENOSPC;
> > + }
> > +
> > + SM_I(sbi)->additional_reserved_segments = wanted_reserved_segments;
> > +
> > + f2fs_info(sbi, "IO align feature needs additional reserved segment: %u",
> > + wanted_reserved_segments);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline void adjust_unusable_cap_perc(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> > {
> > if (!F2FS_OPTION(sbi).unusable_cap_perc)
> > @@ -4181,6 +4221,10 @@ static int f2fs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
> > goto free_nm;
> > }
> > + err = adjust_reserved_segment(sbi);
> > + if (err)
> > + goto free_nm;
> > +
> > /* For write statistics */
> > sbi->sectors_written_start = f2fs_get_sectors_written(sbi);
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> > index 55a7df17d5f3..c22bee84c8ec 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
> > @@ -424,7 +424,9 @@ static ssize_t __sbi_store(struct f2fs_attr *a,
> > if (a->struct_type == RESERVED_BLOCKS) {
> > spin_lock(&sbi->stat_lock);
> > if (t > (unsigned long)(sbi->user_block_count -
> > - F2FS_OPTION(sbi).root_reserved_blocks)) {
> > + F2FS_OPTION(sbi).root_reserved_blocks -
> > + sbi->blocks_per_seg *
> > + SM_I(sbi)->additional_reserved_segments)) {
> > spin_unlock(&sbi->stat_lock);
> > return -EINVAL;
> > }

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