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SubjectRe: [PATCH] lib/raid6: fix abnormally high latency
December 16, 2021 12:52 AM, "Song Liu" <song@kernel.org> wrote:

> On Tue, Dec 14, 2021 at 6:14 PM <yajun.deng@linux.dev> wrote:
>
>> December 15, 2021 1:27 AM, "Song Liu" <song@kernel.org> wrote:
>>
>> On Mon, Dec 13, 2021 at 7:17 PM Yajun Deng <yajun.deng@linux.dev> wrote:
>>
>> We found an abnormally high latency when executing modprobe raid6_pq, the
>> latency is greater than 1.2s when CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY=y, greater than
>> 67ms when CONFIG_PREEMPT=y, and greater than 16ms when CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT=y.
>> This is caused by disable the preemption, this time is too long and
>> unreasonable. We just need to disable migration. so used migrate_disable()/
>> migrate_enable() instead of preempt_disable()/preempt_enable(). This is
>> beneficial for CONFIG_PREEMPT=y or CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT=y, but no effect for
>> CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY=y.
>>
>> Fixes: fe5cbc6e06c7 ("md/raid6 algorithms: delta syndrome functions")
>> Signed-off-by: Yajun Deng <yajun.deng@linux.dev>
>>
>> We measure the speed of different RAID algorithms.If we don't disable
>> preempt, the result may be inaccurate, right? IIUC, we only disable preempt
>> for 16 jiffies. Why do we see 1.2 second delay?
>>
>> Here are the command of my test:
>> Execute "sudo cyclictest -S -p 95 -d 0 -i 1000 -D 24h -m" in one terminal and "sudo modprobe
>> raid6_pq" in the other terminal.
>>
>> Here are the results of my test:
>> CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY=y,CONFIG_HZ_250=y
>> T: 0 ( 3092) P:95 I:1000 C: 8514 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 6
>> T: 1 ( 3093) P:95 I:1000 C: 8511 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 14
>
> I am not very familiar with the RT work, so please forgive me for some
> rookie questions.
>
> From the result, I think the CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY=y and the
> CONFIG_PREEMPT=y cases failed to preempt during the preempt enabled period in
> raid6_choose_gen(). Is this expected?
>

No, This is due to disable preemption causing ksoftirqd fail to schedule, we can use bcc tools see that.

> OTOH, the 16ms latency with CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT=y is more or less expected.
> Is this acceptable? If not, is 1ms latency acceptable?
>

Here are the test results after adding patch:
CONFIG_PREEMPT=y or CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT=y
T: 0 ( 3167) P:95 I:1000 C: 13958 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T: 1 ( 3168) P:95 I:1000 C: 13956 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 7
T: 2 ( 3169) P:95 I:1000 C: 13946 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 12
T: 3 ( 3170) P:95 I:1000 C: 13951 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T: 4 ( 3171) P:95 I:1000 C: 13949 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 3
T: 5 ( 3172) P:95 I:1000 C: 13947 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 16
T: 6 ( 3173) P:95 I:1000 C: 13945 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 2 Max: 7
T: 7 ( 3174) P:95 I:1000 C: 13942 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 3
T: 8 ( 3175) P:95 I:1000 C: 13940 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 3
T: 9 ( 3176) P:95 I:1000 C: 13938 Min: 1 Act: 1 Avg: 1 Max: 3
T:10 ( 3177) P:95 I:1000 C: 13936 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 6
T:11 ( 3178) P:95 I:1000 C: 13933 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 3
T:12 ( 3179) P:95 I:1000 C: 13931 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 4
T:13 ( 3180) P:95 I:1000 C: 13929 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 7
T:14 ( 3181) P:95 I:1000 C: 13927 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 6
T:15 ( 3182) P:95 I:1000 C: 13925 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 4
T:16 ( 3183) P:95 I:1000 C: 13923 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T:17 ( 3184) P:95 I:1000 C: 13921 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T:18 ( 3185) P:95 I:1000 C: 13919 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 4
T:19 ( 3186) P:95 I:1000 C: 13916 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 4
T:20 ( 3187) P:95 I:1000 C: 13914 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 4
T:21 ( 3188) P:95 I:1000 C: 13912 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 10
T:22 ( 3189) P:95 I:1000 C: 13910 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T:23 ( 3190) P:95 I:1000 C: 13908 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T:24 ( 3191) P:95 I:1000 C: 13906 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 18
T:25 ( 3192) P:95 I:1000 C: 13904 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 7
T:26 ( 3193) P:95 I:1000 C: 13902 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T:27 ( 3194) P:95 I:1000 C: 13900 Min: 1 Act: 1 Avg: 1 Max: 11
T:28 ( 3195) P:95 I:1000 C: 13898 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 3
T:29 ( 3196) P:95 I:1000 C: 13896 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 5
T:30 ( 3197) P:95 I:1000 C: 13894 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 4
T:31 ( 3198) P:95 I:1000 C: 13892 Min: 1 Act: 2 Avg: 1 Max: 3

we can see the latency will not greater than 100us,so 1ms latency is also too long for CONFIG_PREEMPT=y or CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT=y.
use migrate_disable()/migrate_enable() instead of preempt_disable()/preempt_enable() will not affect the speed of different RAID algorithms and the latency can be reduced to a reasonable range.


> Thanks,
> Song
>
> [...]

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