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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 09/17] riscv: Add task switch support for vector
From
On Tue, 09 Nov 2021 01:48:21 PST (-0800), greentime.hu@sifive.com wrote:
> This patch adds task switch support for vector. It supports partial lazy
> save and restore mechanism. It also supports all lengths of vlen.
>
> [guoren@linux.alibaba.com: First available porting to support vector
> context switching]
> [nick.knight@sifive.com: Rewrite vector.S to support dynamic vlen, xlen and
> code refine]
> [vincent.chen@sifive.com: Fix the might_sleep issue in vstate_save,
> vstate_restore]
> [andrew@sifive.com: Optimize task switch codes of vector]
>
> Suggested-by: Andrew Waterman <andrew@sifive.com>
> Co-developed-by: Nick Knight <nick.knight@sifive.com>
> Signed-off-by: Nick Knight <nick.knight@sifive.com>
> Co-developed-by: Guo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com>
> Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com>
> Co-developed-by: Vincent Chen <vincent.chen@sifive.com>
> Signed-off-by: Vincent Chen <vincent.chen@sifive.com>
> Signed-off-by: Greentime Hu <greentime.hu@sifive.com>
> ---
> arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h | 65 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/riscv/kernel/process.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++
> arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 196 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h
> index ec83770b3d98..576204217e0f 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/switch_to.h
> @@ -7,10 +7,12 @@
> #define _ASM_RISCV_SWITCH_TO_H
>
> #include <linux/jump_label.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
> #include <asm/processor.h>
> #include <asm/ptrace.h>
> #include <asm/csr.h>
> +#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_FPU
> extern void __fstate_save(struct task_struct *save_to);
> @@ -68,6 +70,67 @@ static __always_inline bool has_fpu(void) { return false; }
> #define __switch_to_fpu(__prev, __next) do { } while (0)
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> +extern struct static_key_false cpu_hwcap_vector;
> +static __always_inline bool has_vector(void)
> +{
> + return static_branch_likely(&cpu_hwcap_vector);
> +}
> +extern unsigned long riscv_vsize;
> +extern void __vstate_save(struct __riscv_v_state *save_to, void *datap);
> +extern void __vstate_restore(struct __riscv_v_state *restore_from, void *datap);
> +
> +static inline void __vstate_clean(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + regs->status = (regs->status & ~(SR_VS)) | SR_VS_CLEAN;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vstate_off(struct task_struct *task,
> + struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + regs->status = (regs->status & ~SR_VS) | SR_VS_OFF;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vstate_save(struct task_struct *task,
> + struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + if ((regs->status & SR_VS) == SR_VS_DIRTY) {
> + struct __riscv_v_state *vstate = &(task->thread.vstate);
> +
> + __vstate_save(vstate, vstate->datap);
> + __vstate_clean(regs);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vstate_restore(struct task_struct *task,
> + struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + if ((regs->status & SR_VS) != SR_VS_OFF) {
> + struct __riscv_v_state *vstate = &(task->thread.vstate);
> + __vstate_restore(vstate, vstate->datap);
> + __vstate_clean(regs);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline void __switch_to_vector(struct task_struct *prev,
> + struct task_struct *next)
> +{
> + struct pt_regs *regs;
> +
> + regs = task_pt_regs(prev);
> + if (unlikely(regs->status & SR_SD))
> + vstate_save(prev, regs);
> + vstate_restore(next, task_pt_regs(next));
> +}
> +
> +#else
> +static __always_inline bool has_vector(void) { return false; }
> +#define riscv_vsize (0)
> +#define vstate_save(task, regs) do { } while (0)
> +#define vstate_restore(task, regs) do { } while (0)
> +#define __switch_to_vector(__prev, __next) do { } while (0)
> +#endif
> +
> extern struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *,
> struct task_struct *);
>
> @@ -77,6 +140,8 @@ do { \
> struct task_struct *__next = (next); \
> if (has_fpu()) \
> __switch_to_fpu(__prev, __next); \
> + if (has_vector()) \
> + __switch_to_vector(__prev, __next); \
> ((last) = __switch_to(__prev, __next)); \
> } while (0)
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> index 3397ddac1a30..344078080839 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MMU) += vdso.o vdso/
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_M_MODE) += traps_misaligned.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FPU) += fpu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_VECTOR) += vector.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smpboot.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smp.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpu_ops.o
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c
> index 03ac3aa611f5..62540815ba1c 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/process.c
> @@ -95,6 +95,25 @@ void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc,
> */
> fstate_restore(current, regs);
> }
> +
> + if (has_vector()) {
> + struct __riscv_v_state *vstate = &(current->thread.vstate);
> +
> + /* Enable vector and allocate memory for vector registers. */
> + if (!vstate->datap) {
> + vstate->datap = kzalloc(riscv_vsize, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (WARN_ON(!vstate->datap))
> + return;
> + }
> + regs->status |= SR_VS_INITIAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * Restore the initial value to the vector register
> + * before starting the user program.
> + */
> + vstate_restore(current, regs);
> + }
> +
> regs->epc = pc;
> regs->sp = sp;
> }
> @@ -110,15 +129,45 @@ void flush_thread(void)
> fstate_off(current, task_pt_regs(current));
> memset(&current->thread.fstate, 0, sizeof(current->thread.fstate));
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_VECTOR
> + /* Reset vector state and keep datap pointer. */
> + vstate_off(current, task_pt_regs(current));
> + memset(&current->thread.vstate, 0, RISCV_V_STATE_DATAP);
> + if (current->thread.vstate.datap)
> + memset(current->thread.vstate.datap, 0, riscv_vsize);
> +#endif
> }
>
> int arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src)
> {
> fstate_save(src, task_pt_regs(src));
> + if (has_vector())
> + /* To make sure every dirty vector context is saved. */
> + vstate_save(src, task_pt_regs(src));

Isn't the has_vector() check unnecessary? It looks to be thes ame as
fstate_save(), where we can just rely in the internal check.

> *dst = *src;
> + if (has_vector()) {
> + /* Copy vector context to the forked task from parent. */

Unless I'm missing something, this shouldn't be necessary: we got here
via some syscall, and since those all follow the standard ABI the V
registers have all been clobbered. Thus we should be able to just toss
the vector state here. arm64 goes a step farther and explicitly tosses
the SVE state on syscalls, which seems reasonable to me as that'd allow
us to avoid some unnecessary save/restore overhead.

A few bits of the V state are defined with thread-duration storage, so
we'd need to split those out to be saved (I guess we could define them
as clobbered by syscalls, but that seems like the wrong way to go to
me).

> + if ((task_pt_regs(src)->status & SR_VS) != SR_VS_OFF) {
> + dst->thread.vstate.datap = kzalloc(riscv_vsize, GFP_KERNEL);
> + /* Failed to allocate memory. */
> + if (!dst->thread.vstate.datap)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + /* Copy the src vector context to dst. */
> + memcpy(dst->thread.vstate.datap,
> + src->thread.vstate.datap, riscv_vsize);
> + }
> + }
> +
> return 0;
> }
>
> +void arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
> +{
> + /* Free the vector context of datap. */
> + if (has_vector())
> + kfree(tsk->thread.vstate.datap);
> +}
> +
> int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long usp, unsigned long arg,
> struct task_struct *p, unsigned long tls)
> {
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7f3e3a838424
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vector.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
> + * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Alibaba Group Holding Limited
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/asm.h>
> +#include <asm/csr.h>
> +#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
> +
> +#define vstatep a0
> +#define datap a1
> +#define x_vstart t0
> +#define x_vtype t1
> +#define x_vl t2
> +#define x_vcsr t3
> +#define incr t4
> +#define status t5
> +
> +ENTRY(__vstate_save)
> + li status, SR_VS
> + csrs sstatus, status
> +
> + csrr x_vstart, CSR_VSTART
> + csrr x_vtype, CSR_VTYPE
> + csrr x_vl, CSR_VL
> + csrr x_vcsr, CSR_VCSR
> + vsetvli incr, x0, e8, m8
> + vse8.v v0, (datap)
> + add datap, datap, incr
> + vse8.v v8, (datap)
> + add datap, datap, incr
> + vse8.v v16, (datap)
> + add datap, datap, incr
> + vse8.v v24, (datap)
> +
> + REG_S x_vstart, RISCV_V_STATE_VSTART(vstatep)
> + REG_S x_vtype, RISCV_V_STATE_VTYPE(vstatep)
> + REG_S x_vl, RISCV_V_STATE_VL(vstatep)
> + REG_S x_vcsr, RISCV_V_STATE_VCSR(vstatep)
> +
> + csrc sstatus, status
> + ret
> +ENDPROC(__vstate_save)
> +
> +ENTRY(__vstate_restore)
> + li status, SR_VS
> + csrs sstatus, status
> +
> + vsetvli incr, x0, e8, m8
> + vle8.v v0, (datap)
> + add datap, datap, incr
> + vle8.v v8, (datap)
> + add datap, datap, incr
> + vle8.v v16, (datap)
> + add datap, datap, incr
> + vle8.v v24, (datap)
> +
> + REG_L x_vstart, RISCV_V_STATE_VSTART(vstatep)
> + REG_L x_vtype, RISCV_V_STATE_VTYPE(vstatep)
> + REG_L x_vl, RISCV_V_STATE_VL(vstatep)
> + REG_L x_vcsr, RISCV_V_STATE_VCSR(vstatep)
> + vsetvl x0, x_vl, x_vtype
> + csrw CSR_VSTART, x_vstart
> + csrw CSR_VCSR, x_vcsr
> +
> + csrc sstatus, status
> + ret
> +ENDPROC(__vstate_restore)

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