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Subject[PATCH mm v3 38/38] kasan: improve vmalloc tests
Date
From: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>

Update the existing vmalloc_oob() test to account for the specifics
of the tag-based modes. Also add a few new checks and comments.

Add new vmalloc-related tests:

- vmalloc_helpers_tags() to check that exported vmalloc helpers can
handle tagged pointers.
- vmap_tags() to check that SW_TAGS mode properly tags vmap() mappings.
- vm_map_ram_tags() to check that SW_TAGS mode properly tags
vm_map_ram() mappings.
- vmalloc_percpu() to check that SW_TAGS mode tags regions allocated
for __alloc_percpu(). The tagging of per-cpu mappings is best-effort;
proper tagging is tracked in [1].

[1] https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=215019

Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>
---
lib/test_kasan.c | 181 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 175 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/test_kasan.c b/lib/test_kasan.c
index 847cdbefab46..a554aaec45cc 100644
--- a/lib/test_kasan.c
+++ b/lib/test_kasan.c
@@ -1049,21 +1049,174 @@ static void kmalloc_double_kzfree(struct kunit *test)
KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, kfree_sensitive(ptr));
}

+static void vmalloc_helpers_tags(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ void *ptr;
+
+ /* This test is intended for tag-based modes. */
+ KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_OFF(test, CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC);
+
+ KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_ON(test, CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC);
+
+ ptr = vmalloc(PAGE_SIZE);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ptr);
+
+ /* Check that the returned pointer is tagged. */
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_GE(test, (u8)get_tag(ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_MIN);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (u8)get_tag(ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_KERNEL);
+
+ /* Make sure exported vmalloc helpers handle tagged pointers. */
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_TRUE(test, is_vmalloc_addr(ptr));
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, vmalloc_to_page(ptr));
+
+ vfree(ptr);
+}
+
static void vmalloc_oob(struct kunit *test)
{
- void *area;
+ char *v_ptr, *p_ptr;
+ struct page *page;
+ size_t size = PAGE_SIZE / 2 - KASAN_GRANULE_SIZE - 5;

KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_ON(test, CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC);

+ v_ptr = vmalloc(size);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, v_ptr);
+
/*
- * We have to be careful not to hit the guard page.
+ * We have to be careful not to hit the guard page in vmalloc tests.
* The MMU will catch that and crash us.
*/
- area = vmalloc(3000);
- KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, area);

- KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, ((volatile char *)area)[3100]);
- vfree(area);
+ /* Make sure in-bounds accesses are valid. */
+ v_ptr[0] = 0;
+ v_ptr[size - 1] = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * An unaligned access past the requested vmalloc size.
+ * Only generic KASAN can precisely detect these.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC))
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, ((volatile char *)v_ptr)[size]);
+
+ /* An aligned access into the first out-of-bounds granule. */
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_KASAN_FAIL(test, ((volatile char *)v_ptr)[size + 5]);
+
+ /* Check that in-bounds accesses to the physical page are valid. */
+ page = vmalloc_to_page(v_ptr);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, page);
+ p_ptr = page_address(page);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, p_ptr);
+ p_ptr[0] = 0;
+
+ vfree(v_ptr);
+
+ /*
+ * We can't check for use-after-unmap bugs in this nor in the following
+ * vmalloc tests, as the page might be fully unmapped and accessing it
+ * will crash the kernel.
+ */
+}
+
+static void vmap_tags(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ char *p_ptr, *v_ptr;
+ struct page *p_page, *v_page;
+ size_t order = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * This test is specifically crafted for the software tag-based mode,
+ * the only tag-based mode that poisons vmap mappings.
+ */
+ KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_ON(test, CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS);
+
+ KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_ON(test, CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC);
+
+ p_page = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, order);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, p_page);
+ p_ptr = page_address(p_page);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, p_ptr);
+
+ v_ptr = vmap(&p_page, 1 << order, VM_MAP, PAGE_KERNEL);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, v_ptr);
+
+ /*
+ * We can't check for out-of-bounds bugs in this nor in the following
+ * vmalloc tests, as allocations have page granularity and accessing
+ * the guard page will crash the kernel.
+ */
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_GE(test, (u8)get_tag(v_ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_MIN);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (u8)get_tag(v_ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_KERNEL);
+
+ /* Make sure that in-bounds accesses through both pointers work. */
+ *p_ptr = 0;
+ *v_ptr = 0;
+
+ /* Make sure vmalloc_to_page() correctly recovers the page pointer. */
+ v_page = vmalloc_to_page(v_ptr);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, v_page);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_PTR_EQ(test, p_page, v_page);
+
+ vunmap(v_ptr);
+ free_pages((unsigned long)p_ptr, order);
+}
+
+static void vm_map_ram_tags(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ char *p_ptr, *v_ptr;
+ struct page *page;
+ size_t order = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * This test is specifically crafted for the software tag-based mode,
+ * the only tag-based mode that poisons vm_map_ram mappings.
+ */
+ KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_ON(test, CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS);
+
+ page = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, order);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, page);
+ p_ptr = page_address(page);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, p_ptr);
+
+ v_ptr = vm_map_ram(&page, 1 << order, -1);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, v_ptr);
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_GE(test, (u8)get_tag(v_ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_MIN);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (u8)get_tag(v_ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_KERNEL);
+
+ /* Make sure that in-bounds accesses through both pointers work. */
+ *p_ptr = 0;
+ *v_ptr = 0;
+
+ vm_unmap_ram(v_ptr, 1 << order);
+ free_pages((unsigned long)p_ptr, order);
+}
+
+static void vmalloc_percpu(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ char __percpu *ptr;
+ int cpu;
+
+ /*
+ * This test is specifically crafted for the software tag-based mode,
+ * the only tag-based mode that poisons percpu mappings.
+ */
+ KASAN_TEST_NEEDS_CONFIG_ON(test, CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS);
+
+ ptr = __alloc_percpu(PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ char *c_ptr = per_cpu_ptr(ptr, cpu);
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_GE(test, (u8)get_tag(c_ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_MIN);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (u8)get_tag(c_ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_KERNEL);
+
+ /* Make sure that in-bounds accesses don't crash the kernel. */
+ *c_ptr = 0;
+ }
+
+ free_percpu(ptr);
}

/*
@@ -1097,6 +1250,18 @@ static void match_all_not_assigned(struct kunit *test)
KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (u8)get_tag(ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_KERNEL);
free_pages((unsigned long)ptr, order);
}
+
+ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC))
+ return;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
+ size = (get_random_int() % 1024) + 1;
+ ptr = vmalloc(size);
+ KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ptr);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_GE(test, (u8)get_tag(ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_MIN);
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, (u8)get_tag(ptr), (u8)KASAN_TAG_KERNEL);
+ vfree(ptr);
+ }
}

/* Check that 0xff works as a match-all pointer tag for tag-based modes. */
@@ -1202,7 +1367,11 @@ static struct kunit_case kasan_kunit_test_cases[] = {
KUNIT_CASE(kasan_bitops_generic),
KUNIT_CASE(kasan_bitops_tags),
KUNIT_CASE(kmalloc_double_kzfree),
+ KUNIT_CASE(vmalloc_helpers_tags),
KUNIT_CASE(vmalloc_oob),
+ KUNIT_CASE(vmap_tags),
+ KUNIT_CASE(vm_map_ram_tags),
+ KUNIT_CASE(vmalloc_percpu),
KUNIT_CASE(match_all_not_assigned),
KUNIT_CASE(match_all_ptr_tag),
KUNIT_CASE(match_all_mem_tag),
--
2.25.1
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