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SubjectRe: [PATCH] sched/fair: Replace CFS internal cpu_util() with cpu_util_cfs()
On 12.11.21 17:20, Vincent Guittot wrote:
> On Fri, 12 Nov 2021 at 15:14, Dietmar Eggemann <> wrote:
>> cpu_util_cfs() was created by commit d4edd662ac16 ("sched/cpufreq: Use
>> the DEADLINE utilization signal") to enable the access to CPU
>> utilization from the Schedutil CPUfreq governor.
>> Commit a07630b8b2c1 ("sched/cpufreq/schedutil: Use util_est for OPP
>> selection") added util_est support later.
>> The only thing cpu_util() is doing on top of what cpu_util_cfs() already
>> does is to clamp the return value to the [0..capacity_orig] capacity
>> range of the CPU. Integrating this into cpu_util_cfs() is not harming
>> the existing users (Schedutil and CPUfreq cooling (latter via
>> sched_cpu_util() wrapper)).
> Could you to update cpu_util_cfs() to use cpu as a parameter instead of rq ?

I could but I decided to use use `struct rq *rq` instead.

(A) We already know the rq in the following functions where we call

sugov_get_util() (existing cpu_util_cfs() call *)

(B) For the following three functions we would call cpu_rq() outside

sched_cpu_util() (*)

So for (A) we wouldn't call cpu_rq(cpu) twice, avoiding issues with the
RELOC_HIDE() thing in per_cpu(runqueues, cpu).

And cpu_util_cfs()'s PELT counterparts, cpu_load() and cpu_runnable()
also use rq.

>> Remove cpu_util().
>> Signed-off-by: Dietmar Eggemann <>
>> ---
>> I deliberately got rid of the comment on top of cpu_util(). It's from
>> the early days of using PELT utilization, it describes CPU utilization
>> behaviour before PELT time-scaling and talks about current capacity
>> which we don't maintain.
> would be good to keep an updated version in this case. There are lot
> of interesting informations in the comment

Yes, can do.

Something like this:

* cpu_util_cfs() - Estimates the amount of CPU capacity used by CFS tasks.
* @cpu: the CPU to get the utilization for.
* The unit of the return value must be the same as the one of CPU capacity
* so that CPU utilization can be compared with CPU capacity.
* CPU utilization is the sum of running time of runnable tasks plus the
* recent utilization of currently non-runnable tasks on that CPU.
* It represents the amount of CPU capacity currently used by CFS tasks in
* the range [0..max CPU capacity] with max CPU capacity being the CPU
* capacity at f_max.
* The estimated CPU utilization is defined as the maximum between CPU
* utilization and sum of the estimated utilization of the currently
* runnable tasks on that CPU. It preserves a utilization "snapshot" of
* previously-executed tasks, which helps better deduce how busy a CPU will
* be when a long-sleeping task wake up. Such task's contribution to CPU
* utilization would be decayed significantly at this point of time.
* CPU utilization can be higher than the current CPU capacity
* (f_curr/f_max * max CPU capacity) or even the max CPU capacity because
* of rounding errors as well as task migrations or wakeups of new tasks.
* CPU utilization has to be capped to fit into the [0..max CPU capacity]
* range. Otherwise a group of CPUs (CPU0 util = 121% + CPU1 util = 80%)
* could be seen as over-utilized even though CPU1 has 20% of spare CPU
* capacity. CPU utilization is allowed to overshoot current CPU capacity
* though since this is useful for predicting the CPU capacity required
* after task migrations (scheduler-driven DVFS).
* Return: (Estimated) utilization for the specified CPU.


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