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Subject[PATCH v7 4/5] selftests: vm: add a hugetlb test case
Date
Since the head vmemmap page frame associated with each HugeTLB page is
reused, we should hide the PG_head flag of tail struct page from the
user. Add a tese case to check whether it is work properly. The test
steps are as follows.

1) alloc 2MB hugeTLB
2) get each page frame
3) apply those APIs in each page frame
4) Those APIs work completely the same as before.

Reading the flags of a page by /proc/kpageflags is done in
stable_page_flags(), which has invoked PageHead(), PageTail(),
PageCompound() and compound_head(). If those APIs work properly, the
head page must have 15 and 17 bits set. And tail pages must have 16
and 17 bits set but 15 bit unset. Those flags are checked in
check_page_flags().

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: Barry Song <song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com>
---
tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-vmemmap.c | 144 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests.sh | 11 ++
4 files changed, 157 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-vmemmap.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore
index 2e7e86e85282..3b5faec3c04f 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/.gitignore
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
hugepage-mmap
hugepage-mremap
hugepage-shm
+hugepage-vmemmap
khugepaged
map_hugetlb
map_populate
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
index 1607322a112c..7d100a7dc462 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ TEST_GEN_FILES += hmm-tests
TEST_GEN_FILES += hugepage-mmap
TEST_GEN_FILES += hugepage-mremap
TEST_GEN_FILES += hugepage-shm
+TEST_GEN_FILES += hugepage-vmemmap
TEST_GEN_FILES += khugepaged
TEST_GEN_FILES += madv_populate
TEST_GEN_FILES += map_fixed_noreplace
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-vmemmap.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-vmemmap.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..557bdbd4f87e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/hugepage-vmemmap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,144 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * A test case of using hugepage memory in a user application using the
+ * mmap system call with MAP_HUGETLB flag. Before running this program
+ * make sure the administrator has allocated enough default sized huge
+ * pages to cover the 2 MB allocation.
+ */
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+#define MAP_LENGTH (2UL * 1024 * 1024)
+
+#ifndef MAP_HUGETLB
+#define MAP_HUGETLB 0x40000 /* arch specific */
+#endif
+
+#define PAGE_SIZE 4096
+
+#define PAGE_COMPOUND_HEAD (1UL << 15)
+#define PAGE_COMPOUND_TAIL (1UL << 16)
+#define PAGE_HUGE (1UL << 17)
+
+#define HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS (PAGE_COMPOUND_HEAD | PAGE_HUGE)
+#define TAIL_PAGE_FLAGS (PAGE_COMPOUND_TAIL | PAGE_HUGE)
+
+#define PM_PFRAME_BITS 55
+#define PM_PFRAME_MASK ~((1UL << PM_PFRAME_BITS) - 1)
+
+/*
+ * For ia64 architecture, Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for hugepages.
+ * That means the addresses starting with 0x800000... will need to be
+ * specified. Specifying a fixed address is not required on ppc64, i386
+ * or x86_64.
+ */
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define MAP_ADDR (void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
+#define MAP_FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_FIXED)
+#else
+#define MAP_ADDR NULL
+#define MAP_FLAGS (MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB)
+#endif
+
+static void write_bytes(char *addr, size_t length)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < length; i++)
+ *(addr + i) = (char)i;
+}
+
+static unsigned long virt_to_pfn(void *addr)
+{
+ int fd;
+ unsigned long pagemap;
+
+ fd = open("/proc/self/pagemap", O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1UL;
+
+ lseek(fd, (unsigned long)addr / PAGE_SIZE * sizeof(pagemap), SEEK_SET);
+ read(fd, &pagemap, sizeof(pagemap));
+ close(fd);
+
+ return pagemap & ~PM_PFRAME_MASK;
+}
+
+static int check_page_flags(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+ int fd, i;
+ unsigned long pageflags;
+
+ fd = open("/proc/kpageflags", O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ lseek(fd, pfn * sizeof(pageflags), SEEK_SET);
+
+ read(fd, &pageflags, sizeof(pageflags));
+ if ((pageflags & HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) != HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) {
+ close(fd);
+ printf("Head page flags (%lx) is invalid\n", pageflags);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * pages other than the first page must be tail and shouldn't be head;
+ * this also verifies kernel has correctly set the fake page_head to tail
+ * while hugetlb_free_vmemmap is enabled.
+ */
+ for (i = 1; i < MAP_LENGTH / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
+ read(fd, &pageflags, sizeof(pageflags));
+ if ((pageflags & TAIL_PAGE_FLAGS) != TAIL_PAGE_FLAGS ||
+ (pageflags & HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) == HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) {
+ close(fd);
+ printf("Tail page flags (%lx) is invalid\n", pageflags);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ close(fd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ void *addr;
+ unsigned long pfn;
+
+ addr = mmap(MAP_ADDR, MAP_LENGTH, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_FLAGS, -1, 0);
+ if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
+ perror("mmap");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ /* Trigger allocation of HugeTLB page. */
+ write_bytes(addr, MAP_LENGTH);
+
+ pfn = virt_to_pfn(addr);
+ if (pfn == -1UL) {
+ munmap(addr, MAP_LENGTH);
+ perror("virt_to_pfn");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ printf("Returned address is %p whose pfn is %lx\n", addr, pfn);
+
+ if (check_page_flags(pfn) < 0) {
+ munmap(addr, MAP_LENGTH);
+ perror("check_page_flags");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ /* munmap() length of MAP_HUGETLB memory must be hugepage aligned */
+ if (munmap(addr, MAP_LENGTH)) {
+ perror("munmap");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests.sh
index 45e803af7c77..745f86e7a086 100755
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests.sh
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/run_vmtests.sh
@@ -108,6 +108,17 @@ else
echo "[PASS]"
fi

+echo "------------------------"
+echo "running hugepage-vmemmap"
+echo "------------------------"
+./hugepage-vmemmap
+if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "[FAIL]"
+ exitcode=1
+else
+ echo "[PASS]"
+fi
+
echo "NOTE: The above hugetlb tests provide minimal coverage. Use"
echo " https://github.com/libhugetlbfs/libhugetlbfs.git for"
echo " hugetlb regression testing."
--
2.11.0
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